Paper Abstracts


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WAGNER, Kelsey (MSU) Mitigating Human-Elephant Conflict in Indonesia. Across Asia, neoliberal exploitation of resources causes deforestation, land-use change and urbanization, resulting in shifting elephant migration patterns and increased conflict between local farmers and elephants. How is the spatiotemporal relationship between humans and elephants affected by conservation programs under these conditions? This research identifies the social, environmental, economic, and political factors related to Sumatran and Bornean projects funded by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service (USFWS) Asian Elephant Conservation program. This work analyzes the efficacy of USFWS projects in mitigating human-elephant conflict, and investigates opportunities for positive interspecies relations that may be helpful in multiple conservation settings. (W-31) 

WALAJAHI, Hina (NIH) “Talking Ethics”: Expertise Production on Institutional Review Boards. Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) are entrusted with the role of protecting human research participants from unnecessarily risky or unethical research. Little is known, however, about how IRBs actually fulfill this role and how individuals come to be “experts” in human subject research protections. I explore these questions through an ethnographic study of IRBs at the National Institutes of Health, demonstrating that members express, recognize, and validate expertise in ways that are deeply situated within specific knowledge hierarchies present in scientific research, personal dynamics, and institutional precedence, further complicating who or what is protected during research review. (W-02) 

WALSH, Casey (UCSB) The Past and Future of California’s Sustainable Groundwater Management Act. Decades of severe aquifer depletion in California resulted in the passage of the 2015 Sustainable Groundwater Management Act (SGMA), which began a process of measuring and managing extraction in order bring California’s groundwater basins back into balance by the year 2040. Using ethnography and a survey of 320 households, this paper discusses how different stakeholders in the Cuyama Valley – corporate agriculture; small farmers; townsite residents – imagine past extraction and future regulation, and how their views on this process shape their present engagements with water and with each other. (TH-36) 

WANG, Yuzhou (UCLA) Daily Patriotism: Chinese Hongge’s Aesthetics as a Mainstream Genre. The patriotic songs Hongge is a genre that conveys ideas such as national unity, belonging to socialism and the leadership’s parental image in China. It is regarded as a contemporary musical aesthetics and standard by transforming from a politics-oriented genre to daily visual-audio experiences. This research examines the lyrical contents, vocal style and performance to illustrate the process of how political imaginations and social changes have been reconciled into a musical habitus. The broad acceptance by the Chinese audience which has been maintained through continuous interactions becomes a lens to look at the fissure between ideological conventions and cultural recreations. (F-93) 

WARLING, Adren (UTEP) Navigating Domestic Violence from LGBTQIA+ Perspectives. This study is on the intimate partner and family violence experiences of the LGBTQIA+ community in the El Paso, Texas border region. This study relied on semi-structured interviews, community partnerships, and participant observation seeking information about violent experiences across the lifecycle and how these experiences were managed. The goals of this study are to address a gap in the literature about intimate partner violence among sexual minority populations and to provide insight into how these experiences are navigated in order to give recommendations for community and legal services in aiding this population through these experiences. (TH-98) 

WARREN, Narelle (Monash U) Affordances of Aging and Neurological Disability in Malaysia. In my research on stroke recovery in rural Malaysia, the cognitive changes that followed stroke had no name; they were seen as neither exceptional nor in need of biomedical attention. Yet these changes, which were normalised as ‘just’ old age, often precipitated a range of adaptations within the household and by the family. In this paper, I explore the role of contextual affordances - the possibilities for action derived from the complex contexts - related to environment, ethnicity and religion in rural Malaysia to consider the relationships between aging, cultural models of cognition, and contested understandings of disability. (F-12) 

WATKINS, Rachel (American U) Community Voice and Democratized Interpretation of Historic Sites. This paper presents work on an ethnographic resource study of a Civil War site managed by the National Park Service. The initiative was developed to expand the breadth of communities and resources involved in historical interpretation. However, challenges remain that are rooted in how past distributions of power on the landscape inform the power descendants hold to interpret the landscape in the present. Therefore, an intentional and nuanced definition of “descendant community” must be employed to destabilize dynamics that make democratized interpretation difficult. A participatory learning component based at a local high school plays an important role in this process. (TH-122)

WATSON, Marnie (MO State U) Visions of a Tiny (Home) Utopia: Report from the Field on Housing the Chronically Homeless. Tiny homes have found their place in the American landscape, as factors including a concern for the environment, the appeal of the gospel of minimalism, and the rising costs of housing, continue to swell the ranks of the tiny house movement. In the past decade, communities around the country have turned to tiny houses as an affordable way to provide housing for the homeless. In this paper, I discuss results from the first year of a five-year mixed-methods longitudinal study investigating how one tiny home community affects the social, physical, and psychological wellbeing of individuals moving out of chronic homelessness. (W-64)​​​​​​​ 

WATSON, Sharon (UNCC) Beyond the Scope: What To Do With Broad Problems Uncovered During Research. Academics and practitioners oftentimes treat the issues of democracy, corruption, race, and inequalities as separate categories of intervention from specific development issues of health and especially HIV. Yet, these issues have very pertinent consequences in Lesotho’s rapidly changing socioeconomic landscape and are tightly linked to how people perceive and define the problem of HIV. Researchers working in Lesotho initiating work on a “fundable” or “researchable” topic document these broader issues tangentially. Research participants talk about corruption and unemployment, we record it but how do applied anthropologists redefine their roles to address the deeper social, economic and political problems we uncover? (S-04)​​​​​​​ 

WEHRER, Margaret (SUNY Polytechnic) Migrant Farmworkers and the 2020 Census: Challenges and Possibilities. US Census administrators hope that the 2020 Census will be the most comprehensive survey of US residents ever. However, migrant farmworker advocates worry that members of this population who carry questionable documentation and who move every few months, will remain undercounted. This is particularly likely given fears of a possible citizenship question on the census form. In this paper, based on fieldwork in Central New York, I analyze how community partners work with census takers to assure a high response rate to the census while protecting migrant farmworkers’ privacy and alleviating their fears of negative immigration consequences. (F-123)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

WEISMAN, Anne (UNLV Med Sch) Achieving Institutional Wisdom through Cultural Transformation: An Exploration of Strategies for Success. The pathways toward institutional growth and evolution begin with naming the barriers that exist within the organization. As a collective group, by first naming the barriers, dialogue around solutions can begin organically. Once the barriers have been identified and potential solutions named, the parameters can be set. As a team, identify what transparency means to you and discuss how this would work in practice. Think about mentorship in your organization and what it would be like to have someone or several people helping to navigate the system. Mentorship brings relationship building which in turn fosters a supportive environment. Institutional growth begins with relationships and clarity. (F-134)​​​​​​​

WEST, Colin Thor (UNCCH) Landscape Perspectives on Land Degradation Neutrality in Northern Burkina Faso. This study incorporates ethnography, remote sensing and multiscale spatial analysis to understand landscapes of land degradation neutrality in northern Burkina Faso, West Africa. The authors measure land degradation neutrality at macro-, meso- and micro-sales using residual analysis of MODIS Imagery and gridded rainfall data using 8-km and 250-m pixels. These are supplemented by village-level micro participatory mapping with high-resolution satellite imagery. (F-103)​​​​​​​ 

WESTERMAN, William (NJCU) Exclude and Punish: Fieldwork at the Beginning of Immigration Detention in the U.S. Despite its “nation of immigrants” mythology, the U.S. has been ambivalent about the acceptance and treatment of immigrants, particularly those from China. This paper, based on fieldwork in the mid-1990s and follow-up interviews 25 years later with detainees and their lawyers, looks at the case of the Golden Venture, from which nearly 300 shipwreck survivors were detained for up to four years, thus beginning immigration detention in the wider context of mass incarceration. It examines the historical shift in immigration policy towards enforcement and incarceration as a political and cultural response to immigration. (S-63)​​​​​​​

WESTERMEYER, Joseph (U Minnesota) Methadone Treatment for Opioid Dependence: Long Term Upsides & Downsides. Methadone maintenance treatment (MMT), available for fifty years, is recommended (along with buprenorphine and naltrexone) as the main clinical resolutions for the current opioid crisis/epidemic. Although short-term treatment advantages are well known, the long-term liabilities are unclear. Based on a recent five-year study of methadone maintenance, this report covers the personal, social, and public health downsides that accompany MMT over time. These morbid consequences were not appreciated early on and still are not widely known or understood. Although buprenorphine and naltrexone appear safer than MMT now, decades may pass before we appreciate their long-term consequences. Long-term oversight should begin now. (W-125)

WHEATLEY, Abby (ASU) The Politics of Precarious Crossings in the Central Mediterranean. The militarization of the EU-Africa Border is an increasingly mobile, dynamic, and multi-dimensional phenomenon that deliberately raises the risks of crossing to deadly levels to deter migration. In this context, migrants are generally narrated as criminals or “suffering subjects” in need of rescue. To counter this problematic rendering, this paper argues that rescue is a facet of clandestine crossings that emerges only in the context of severe structural violence that prohibits migrants from accessing safe forms of travel. Ultimately, I argue that border crossing is an active intervention in regimes of territorial sovereignty and a demand to be protected. (F-03)​​​​​​​ 

WHITAKER, Sarah (Emory U) When the Blonde Goat of the Adamello Comes Home: Mountain Products, Economic Viability, and Identity in the Italian Alps. Alpine farmers face challenges from a hostile environment, changing climate, and political context oriented towards lowland agriculture. This paper explores how some farmers in the Italian Alps are using traditional mountain products to overcome these challenges. Mountain products are well-adapted to the Alpine environment. They can be sold at higher prices to conscientious consumers. Mountain products are also used by farmers to assert their cultural identity as Alpine residents and their right to make a living doing work they value. Policy and social support for mountain products would therefore increase farmer economic viability as well as their sense of well-being. (TH-91)​​​​​​​ 

WHITE, Cassandra (GSU) The Imposition of Popular Imaginaries of “When to Wean” on Breastfeeding Parents in the United States. In the U.S., breastfeeding parents often encounter unsolicited advice from friends, family, and healthcare professionals about an appropriate time to wean. This advice often relies on the idea that certain developmental milestones are indicators that it is time to wean or the belief that breast milk becomes devoid of nutritional value at some point. Based on ethnographic research on extended breastfeeding (defined here as breastfeeding a child for two years or more) in the U.S., I will discuss how these imaginaries of weaning times are wielded and how they affect people who breastfeed longer than is considered “normal.” (TH-35)​​​​​​​ 

WHITMAN, Loren Ezra (UIC) Computer-Assisted Networked Ethnography: A Methodology Proposal. A proposal for computer-assisted networked ethnography, a methodology using anthropological fieldwork methods to build upon the multi-theoretical multilevel framework of social network analysis by Monge and Contractor (2003). In response to calls for “computational ethnography,” this paper argues that CAQDAS (computer-assisted qualitative discourse analysis software) compacity for multi-level coding, hyperlinks, and thematic analysis are more significant contributions to a rigorous expansion of ethnographic research than the extensive use of text mining. The specifics of the proposals are for an ethnographic study of Left immigration activists in the Chicagoland area and their relationship to a national network of intersectional activism. (S-03)​​​​​​​ 

WIDENER, Patricia (FAU) Natures in the Resistance: Public Rhythms and Sensory Spaces. This study of socionatures is guided by Henri Lefebvre’s rhythmanalysis and conducted through participatory observations of protest events following the 2016 U.S. presidential election. By employing rhythm and sensory analyses as conceptual and methodological tools, a colleague and I examined nature through critical place inquiry, political ecology, and collective action. We attended approximately 60 protest events in Florida, from which nature was a notable presence in a significant subset. As resident-researchers, we observed how public spaces represented visual opportunities for mobilization and sensory opportunities of nature, which enriched or intensified the message, experience and/or meaning of socionatures and public space. (W-122)

WIES, Jennifer R. (Ball State U) Anthropological Approaches to General Education Assessment: Lessons from Community-Centered and Participatory Practices. Assessing general education programs is a mechanism whereby communities legitimate their cultural missions and substantiate the backbone of higher education learning environments. Different from other evaluation processes (such as regional or disciplinary accreditation), general education assessment is a locally-owned process driven by stakeholders from across an institution- possibly including student and business affairs in addition to academic affairs. In this paper, I articulate key practices from community-centered and participatory applied anthropological traditions to demonstrate the power of anthropology for assessing learning. By applying these traditions, we can continue to advance an equity-centered approach to academic program evaluation. (TH-44)​​​​​​​ 

WILGUS, Anne Gay (City Coll CUNY) Disability, Immigration and the Delivery of Educational Resources: Family Experiences in New York City and Paris. This ethnographic study describes how ethnicity, immigration, cultural stereotyping, and disability stereotypes combine to create “access algorithms” for curriculum resources, assistance and education for mothers of children with disabilities. We draw on the stories of three immigrant women of different origins living in New York to illustrate how the complex relationships between these multiple factors interact to create barriers to appropriate services and educational resources for their children. Attention is drawn to the knowledge that mothers can bring to students and teachers. A comparative is made between educational inclusion in France and the United States, highlighting mediation strategies of immigrant mothers of children with disabilities. (S-42)​​​​​​​ 

WILKINSON, Olivia (Joint Learning Initiative on Faith & Local Communities) Why Localization Will Never Happen. Localization is a new humanitarian buzzword. This “localization agenda” ignores the reality of substantial existing “local capacity” to respond to disaster, the critiques of previous experiences of localizing development through participatory approaches, and the entrenched power dynamics of the humanitarian system, in which international humanitarian organizations have displayed an unwillingness to let go of control. Inherent in this critique of localization is a distrust of the way in which “the local” is used to create an “us and them” dynamic and obscure people’s various realities. This paper will unpack these issues from historical insights and analysis of the current trend from policy papers and reports. (W-04)​​​​​​​ 

WILLGING, Cathleen (PIRE) Mixed-Method Implementation Research to Improve Primary Care for Sexual and Gender Minority Patients. Sexual and gender minority (SGM) people suffer from insufficient access and utilization of health services. Primary care is at the frontlines of healthcare provision; yet, few clinics have mechanisms to meet SGM patient needs. Application of SGM-inclusive practice guidelines at multiple levels of primary care delivery may decrease disparities. We undertook surveys and interviews/focus groups with 32 primary care providers/staff to examine clinical preparedness and readiness for SGM care. Findings point to opportunities to bolster use of guidelines by advancing training, coaching, and community-engagement strategies that can be feasibly implemented in under-resourced clinics, and cultivating leadership alignment across service delivery levels. (T-121)​​​​​​​ 

WILLGING, Cathleen (PIRE) The Role of Tribal, State, and Federal Policy in Addressing the Healthcare Needs of American Indian Elders. American Indian elders represent one of the most neglected segments of the U.S. healthcare system. We undertook qualitative interviews with 47 professional stakeholders (e.g., tribal leaders, administrators, service providers) involved in planning, delivering, and advocating for care for elders in two southwestern states. Findings centered on the invisibility of elders in state/national policymaking; insufficient availability of elder-centered services and advocacy; the role of insurance in elder healthcare; and potential threats to the federal trust responsibility guaranteeing healthcare provision to tribes. Policy efforts must maximize opportunities to address the healthcare and insurance needs of elders and fulfill the federal trust responsibility. (T-64)

WILLIAMS, Deborah (ASU), AGOSTINI, Gina (Midwestern U), and
 STURTZSREETHARAN, Cindi (ASU) Citizen Sociolinguistics: New Insights into Fat Talk. Fat talk is a conversational interaction that involves self-deprecating speech acts focused on weight and/or appearance. It is associated with many negative psychosocial and behavioral outcomes. Investigations of fat talk have relied on self-report surveys, digital methods, or confederates in laboratory situations. Naturally occurring instances of fat talk remain under-investigated. Applying citizen sociolinguistics to the case of fat talk we discovered three critical insights: 1) Fat talk occurs in highly-varied spaces. 2) Fat talk was most commonly observed among adult young women, a conclusion consistent with prior academic studies. 3) Fat talk occurs in all adult age brackets.  (W-95)​​​​​​​ 

WILLIAMSTON, Ashley-Devon (JHU) Exchanges, Eruptions, and Erasures: Tourism’s Influence on Indigenous Guatemalan Identities. In Guatemala, tourism has contributed to a demand for a unified “Mayan” identity among indigenous groups. This identity is commonly presented to tourists via artisanal goods like pottery and textiles. Between and within indigenous groups, boundaries and definitions of indigeneity are fiercely negotiated and redrawn even as they are publicly performed. On the bargaining table are opportunities for previously subjugated or ignored identities to gain mobility and visibility. This essay discusses the mechanics of Pan-Mayanism with regards to cultural goods produced specifically for tourists and considers the implications of this new cultural landscape for demographics like women and LGBTQ+ individuals. (W-12)​​​​​​​ 

WILLOW, Anna (OH State U) Contested Futures: Time, Extraction, and (Hydro)Power. This paper explores how visions of the future shape diverse responses to resource extraction projects. I consider three different reactions to northeastern British Columbia’s controversial Site C Dam to suggest that individuals’ relationships with the future—and, more precisely, their interpretations of themselves as temporal actors—play important roles in disputes surrounding resource extraction and, ultimately, in the culturally constituted (but materially manifested) process of creating the socionatural worlds of tomorrow. Incompatible imaginings of what the future should bring ensure that debates about extraction and land management are profound contests over who has the power to convert vision into reality. (TH-06)​​​​​​​ 

WILSON, Susan (NMSU) Accessible Tourism for Mobility Challenged International Travelers. Accessible tourism for mobility challenged international travelers can be a huge obstacle, particularly among single and/or elderly travelers. This video addresses some of the most common, though sometimes easily overlooked, issues for mobility challenged travelers. It is an autoethnographical essay of recent international trips and observed obstacles for mobility challenged persons. The essay will focus on Egypt; however, commonalities with frequently visited European destinations will also be addressed. European destinations included Ireland/Scotland, and France. Some challenges discussed include: uninformed staff; booking difficulties; airports, trains, taxis and transfers; availability of hotel rooms and other public places; inaccessible streets; and information availability. (F-162)​​​​​​​ 

WINDSCHITL, Hannah (CSBSJU) Climate Grief: The Disproportionate Impacts of Climate Change on Mental Health in the Global South. Climate change impacts mental health around the world because of bleak future outcomes, home loss, hopelessness, and disproportionate impacts on certain communities. Drawing on in-depth interviews conducted at the Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Chile, 2019, this research examines how climate grief effects individuals, specifically groups from the Global South and Global North. I anticipate that causes of climate grief, and ways of managing its affects, will differ depending on the immediacy of climate change impacts and access to mitigation and adaptation resources. (F-131)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

WINKLER, Linda, PLUMHOFF, Madeline, and HUMMER, Madi (Wilkes U) Reducing Infant Mortality in Tanzania. Our presentation discusses ongoing research, videos, and advocacy projects intended to reduce infant mortality by initiating programs enhancing infant health. Since 2012, ongoing collaborative projects with a rural Tanzanian hospital have resulted in hospital initiatives including new strategies in newborn care introducing Vitamin K to neonates, implementation of a Kangaroo Mother Care program for newborns and mothers, and two videos for new mothers seeking to reduce newborn deaths. The ongoing dialogues between team members, Tanzanian health providers, and newborn mothers have substantially enhanced perception of local program needs, subsequent ongoing project development, and provided research and media support. (S-31)​​​​​​​ 

WINN, Alisha (Consider the Culture/Palm Beach Atlantic U) Owning the Narrative, Owning the Neighborhood: Working in a Revitalized-Destined African American Community. The author describes her community-engaged work in a historic African American neighborhood amid revitalization. With over 70% rental properties, stakeholders (former and current residents, business owners, and community supporters) face major neighborhood changes as redevelopment increases. Amidst the changes, stakeholders stress the importance for telling their own story of their community and culture. The author identifies challenges and solutions to ensure the preservation of the community’s history and ownership of its narrative. (TH-122)​​​​​​​ 

WINSTEAD, Teresa (Saint Martin’s U), GARIS, TaylerBUSH, Arianna, and WINSTEAD, Candace (CALPOLY) Steps toward Belonging for the Currently Incarcerated: Outcomes from a Jail-Based Overdose Prevention Program in CA. Our multi-disciplinary harm reduction based project provides overdose education and Naloxone distribution (OEND) in the setting of a county jail. Drug-related stigma, combined with stigma against the incarcerated population can make ensuring access to life-saving Naloxone more difficult. We will discuss the logistics of the jail training program model, outcomes, and how our program promotes the idea that the right to harm reduction-based health care extends the incarcerated population’s right to belong, as members of society, after release from jail. This is particularly important because incarceration is a known risk factor for death by opioid overdose. (W-125)

WISE, Sarah (AFSC, NOAA) and SPARKS, Kim (PSMFC) Planning with Meaning: Crafting the Bering Sea Fisheries Management Plan with Diverse Knowledge Systems. Differing epistemologies inform the ways we value and use the ocean. Some resources managers turn to local, indigenous, and traditional knowledge (I&TK) to better understand the marine ecosystem. However, there remain difficulties to incorporating divergent knowledges into management processes, including epistemological differences, communication of various knowledge, and equity issues. Knowledge perception and representation intersects with questions of equity, ownership, and representation: whose knowledge is selected as representative and whose may be obscured? This paper draws on the Bering Sea Fisheries Ecosystem Plan to explore barriers and areas for convergence to incorporate I&TK into fisheries management. (T-98)

WOLF-MEYER, Matthew (Binghamton U) Sympathetic Magic and Excremental Medicine. The turn toward fecal microbial transplants (FMT) for the treatment of Clostridium difficile infections has led to the growing reconsideration in medical science and practice about the utility of human excrement as a source of medical cures. Drawing on archival research on the history of excremental medicine and contemporary ethnography with scientists experimenting with FMT, I argue that anthropological interest in magic – and sympathetic magic specifically – helps to show how medicine operates through pseudo-magical means, and that one of the reasons why excrement was formerly banned as a curative is due to the lingering influence of magical thinking in biomedicine. (F-129)​​​​​​​ 

WOLFORTH, Lynne Mackin (Hawaiʻi CC) Puʻuhuluhulu University: Defending Cultural Interests on Mauna Kea. Native Hawaiians protest the construction of the Thirty Meter Telescope on the sacred lands of Mauna Kea. Since July 2019, protestors have blocked the access road to the summit and constructed a makeshift village. These tents structures house a variety of support activities such as free food service and Puʻuhuluhulu University. Puʻuhuluhulu University is symbolic of the general phenomena this long-running protest has generated which is about the public, active, revitalization of Native Hawaiian identity. This paper summarizes conversations and interviews with people involved with Puʻuhuluhulu University particularly in its role as a revitalization movement. (F-44)​​​​​​​ 

WROBLEWSKA, Anna (Jagiellonian U) Using the Method Memory-work in Intercultural Disability Research: A Blind, Polish Researcher in the United States. Drawing from an interpretive paradigm, it is important to be aware of the lenses through which individuals observe and interpret social phenomena. As a blind, Polish researcher investigating a blind organization in the US, I have been challenging cultural differences, as well as my personal, perhaps Eurocentric, perspective on disability. I perceive the self-reflection as a powerful tool to enrich the research process. In this paper, I discuss how the method Memory-work, first developed by German scholar F. Haug (1987), can be used to improve the design of research and reveal hidden assumptions of the researcher. (F-72)​​​​​​​ 

WUNROW, Christine (U Memphis) Birthing a New Museum: The Pink Palace Museum’s Collaborative Journey to Share Power and Cultivate Inclusivity. During summer 2019, I examined the Memphis Pink Palace Museum’s (PPM) use of collaboration to cultivate inclusive, community curation. In this paper, I will discuss the collaboration process and argue that the relationships built through collaboration and the final exhibition demonstrate how collaboration can remake power structures and dismantle hegemonic representations. My analysis uses Tony Bennett’s conceptualization of museums’ hegemonic power to understand PPM’s authoritative position, and Raymond Silverman’s exploration of collaboration to frame PPM’s actions and goals. I conclude that this demonstrates collaboration’s success in making an inclusive museum that shares power at every stage with its diverse communities. (TH-135)​​​​​​​ 

WURTZ, Heather (Columbia U) The Hidden Injuries of a Politics of Protection: Refugee Management and Gender-based Violence in the Southern Mexico Borderlands. Thousands of Central American women have been forcibly displaced due to various forms of gender-based violence (GBV), creating an “invisible refugee crisis.” While GBV is often portrayed as isolated acts of aggression, the violence that women suffer is also produced and perpetuated by institutional policies and laws. This paper presents an ethnographic portrait of how processes of legal violence unfold in the context of women’s lives throughout their migrant trajectories. A theoretical approach that focuses on how institutional responses to violence operate within specific cultural logics is crucial for understanding shifting techniques of power and regulation within emergent citizenship regimes. (F-39)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

WURTZ, Heather and LANE, Benjamin (Columbia U), KINNARD, Elizabeth N. (UC Berkley SPH), MAURO, Pia M. and PHILBIN, Morgan M. (Columbia U) Shifting Marijuana Policies and the Boundaries of Inclusion for Racial and Ethnic Minority Youth in New York City (NYC): A Socio-Spatial Analysis. Marijuana policies in NYC have shifted toward liberalization, including decriminalization and medicalization. This paper draws on 30 qualitative interviews with racial and ethnic minority youth in NYC to examine how marijuana policy liberalization affects experiences of belonging and inclusion. Despite shifts toward liberalization, we argue that unequal policy enforcement reinforces pervasive inequalities through mechanisms of exclusion that bar minority populations from full social and civic participation in urban life (e.g., spatial regulation of minority communities and uneven access to the benefits of liberalization). To achieve equity, policy change must include transformation in how public space is imagined, regulated, and policed. (S-73)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

WYNDHAM-WEST, Michelle (OCADU) and DUNN, James (McMaster U) Aging in Place, Housing (Im)Mobility and Citizenship: An Arts-Based Exploration of Low-Income Older Adults’ Lived Housing Experiences During Rapid Urban Change. In this paper we explore aging in place, housing (im)mobility and citizenship through the lived housing experiences of low-income older adults in Canada during rapid urban change. Due to gentrification low-income older adults are experiencing involuntary mobility (i.e. incentivized mobility) or the inability to move to housing suitable for aging. As such, we illuminate low-income older adults’ negotiations of inclusion, exclusion and community in the effort to successfully “age in place,” a state-promoted policy. Participants’ digital and textual narratives highlight how the enactment/practice of aging in place requires “active” and “flexible” approaches to citizenship (cf Turner 1990; Ong 1999). (W-64)

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