Paper Abstracts


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KABEL, Allison (Towson U) Selective Disclosure Conundrum: Supporting Students with Hidden Challenges. Faculty working in Health Sciences, Social Sciences or other interdisciplinary, interprofessional contexts are increasingly confronting problematic practices and guidelines for supporting students living with circumstances they are reluctant to disclose. These include disabilities, impairments, health conditions and caregiving responsibilities. How do faculty make sense of this disclosure conundrum to support students living with these hidden challenges? Which policies, practices and guidelines facilitate student success and which are barriers to student success? Which policies and practices support cultural citizenship for vulnerable students and which are exclusionary? Examples from throughout the life course and disability spectrum will be explored. (TH-132) 

KADONO, Mika (USF) “Of course you have to question your doctors”: Risk, (dis)trust, and Neoliberal Mothering among Vaccine Hesitant Parents. While the majority of parents in the US take part in routine vaccinations for their children, a growing number of parents are delaying or refusing their children’s vaccines. Through in-depth interviews with vaccine hesitant parents, this exploratory study found that parents took on the responsibility of assessing and managing the risks presented by both vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccines. Parents sought and trusted information from friends, other moms, and childbirth and alternative healthcare professionals over recommendations of conventional biomedical experts. These findings suggest that efforts aimed at addressing falling vaccination rates must also address deteriorating trust in biomedical professionals and institutions. (TH-38) 

KAHN, Linda (U Buffalo) Evaluating the Nation’s First Opioid Intervention Court. The Opioid Intervention Court (OIC) began in Buffalo, NY, in May 2017 with the mission of saving lives. The OIC engages clients at high risk of overdose with Medication Assisted Treatment (MAT) within hours of their arrest. We conducted a mixed methods evaluation, incorporating data from the courts’ administrative database, semi-structured interviews with court personnel, a client survey, and ethnographic observations. Evaluation results suggest that the majority of OIC clients are receiving MAT and accessing community recovery resources. Socioeconomic barriers, especially transportation, combined with the burden of daily court appearances and multiple appointments remain key challenges. (W-125) 

KALJEE, Linda and ZERVOS, Marcus (Henry Ford Hlth System), SMITH, Ingrid and PAULIN, Sarah (WHO), PRENTISS, Tyler and MAKI, Gina (Henry Ford Hlth System) Feasibility Study of the World Health Organization (WHO) Hospital-based Antimicrobial Stewardship Toolkit. Antimicrobial resistance poses a significant global health threat. Antimicrobial stewardship programs have shown success in improving justified use of antibiotics in hospital settings. Few lower- and middle-income countries have implemented stewardship policies or programs. To support countries as they develop hospital-based stewardship, WHO has developed a comprehensive toolkit. Prior to finalization of the toolkit, a qualitative feasibility study was undertaken in Nepal, Bhutan, Micronesia, and Malawi. Data presented will include challenges and facilitators to hospital-based stewardship programs in low- and middle-income countries and in-put on toolkit content from the perspectives of policy makers, hospital administrators, and health care providers. (W-09)

KAMAT, Vinay (UBC) “Now we are all educated”: Shifting Discourses on Marine Conservation in Southeastern Tanzania. Destructive and unsustainable fishing practices were, until recently, common on Tanzania’s southeastern coast. In recent years, however, residents from the fishing communities have asserted that they have discontinued engaging in destructive fishing practices. “Now we are all educated” is a common refrain. Drawing on interviews with 120 men and women from six coastal fishing villages in rural Mtwara, this paper interrogates and analyzes people’s assertion that they have now become environmental subjects and are well educated about marine conservation. It highlights the theoretical and applied implications of the multiplicity of factors that have influenced the discursive shifts and practices on marine conservation in southeastern Tanzania. (W-97) 

KAMPMAN, Kelley (CWRU) Mothers & MAT: Identifying Gendered Gaps in Drug Treatment Programs. Despite a growing public health interest in issues specific to female drug users, drug treatment programs are not designed with women’s needs in mind. Based on 16 months of ethnographic research with pregnant, opioid addicted women, this paper examines current drug treatment models and the care they provide to this population. Drawing on participants’ experiences as mothers who are on medication assisted treatment (MAT) I identify changes and improvements that can be made to better meet the needs of women and their families. (W-125)

KANNAN, Smruthi Bala (Rutgers U-Camden) Negotiating Participation in School: Children’s Affective Discourses around Smartphone Based Games in Tamilnadu, India. This paper explores affective discourses surrounding smartphone games amongst schoolchildren in peri-urban TamilNadu. Representing survival-oriented single-shooter games as a platform to build trust amongst friends in school, some children resist a landscape of adult moral concerns about such games as violent and isolating. However, children who refuse participation in such peer circles express their relational subjecthood in a transgenerational family through humorous articulations of fear, negotiating a peer-culture that prides in resistance to parental-control. I read children’s participation in articulations of privacy, pride, and fear around specific games as a kaleidoscope of tensions informing their collective value-making and cultural citizenship. (F-63) 

KATZ, Solomon H. (U Penn) Can the World Recipes Project (WRP) Help to Enhance Food Sovereignty among Indigenous Peoples by Contributing New Sources of Safe, Healthy, Affordable, Attractive, and Sustainable Foods? A great challenge facing humanity is providing ‘food for all’ during rapidly growing population and climate change. This challenge is perhaps greatest among the increasingly marginalized indigenous peoples who seek food sovereignty. This paper uses current research on millet recipes based on the methodology of the World Recipes Project (WRP) to document indigenous peoples evolved food system knowledge and their food sovereignty needs in light of the global significance of their traditional knowledge when the global need for adequate and nutritious food has become a top priority for making diverse foods safe, healthy, affordable, attractive and sustainable for all humanity. (F-101)​​​​​​​ 

KAUR BRAR, Gurjinder (Panjab U) Effect of Height Variability on the Association of Body Mass Index with Cognitive Impairment: An Anthropological Study of Rural Community of North India. The present study was conducted among 768 apparently healthy individuals of either sex (aged 30-70 years), to assess the influence of stature on the association of Body Mass Index (BMI) with cognitive impairment (CI) and depression. Anthropometric and psychological assessment was done through standard protocols. Under nutrition as indicated by low BMI was found to pose increased risk for CI. In stature classification, under nutrition was found to pose increased risk for CI among taller individuals and a protective role for CI among shorter individuals indicating the cause and effect relation of nutritional status with mental disabilities. (F-132)​​​​​​​ 

KAVIN, Rick (Rutgers U) Same-sex Marriage in American Samoa: The Last American Frontier for Marriage Equality. The Supreme Court held in Obergefell v. Hodges that the right to marry applies equally regardless of gender, yet one jurisdiction - the island territory of American Samoa - remains the only region in the nation without same-sex marriage. I examine the cultural, societal, and political reasons marriage equality remains absent from American Samoa. Using a four-step test developed by Daniel E. Hall, I assess whether enforcing marriage equality in American Samoa could survive a federal court challenge. Despite the complications associated with applying the Constitution to American Samoa, I conclude that the territory is included under Obergefell. (S-12)​​​​​​​ 

KAWARAZUKA, Nozomi (Int’l Potato Ctr, CGIAR), ORTIZ, OscarTHIELE, GrahamPRAIN, Gordon, and DE HAAN, Stef (Int’l Potato Ctr) The Evolution of the Legacy of Robert Rhoades’ Work at the International Potato Centre (CIP). Robert Rhoades pioneered participatory research integrating social and biological sciences known as “farmer back to farmer.” CIP’s research with roots and tubers evolved his legacy over 30 years in a context of: climate change, agrobiodiversity loss, and transitioning food systems. Understanding worldviews of indigenous farmers - their ways of adaptation and resistance to change - is principal to CIP’s research. We highlight recent studies influenced by Robert Rhoades and the evolution from his work concerning gender and conservation science. We conclude with opportunities and challenges for interdisciplinary research in mountain socioenvironmental systems to improve the livelihoods of marginalized peoples. (W-06)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

​​​​​​​KELLY, Kilian (Purdue U), DAVIDSON, Lindy (USF), and KEROLLE, Reginald (Kerolle Initiative for Community Hlth, Dominican Republic) Clean Water Access in Rural Dominican Communities: Health and Resilience. Global health development programs have a long-standing interest in natural resource management and local understandings and perceptions of clean water. As larger structural systems prevent consistent access to clean water across rural areas, communities develop their own ways to access and distribute resources. This Dominican Republic case study looks at the results of 526 surveys on community access to water sources and perceived barriers to clean water. The study also explores how participants connected water availability, quality, and health outcomes. These study findings will be related to the panel themes of environmental resilience and social justice and well-being. (TH-32)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

KELLY, Patty (Haverford Coll) I Know Why She Stays: Gender Violence and Institutional Sexism in the U.S. Family Court System. For many women leaving abusive partners, family court is a place where violent and unequal relationships are redefined by the legal system as “high conflict” divorces, and where abusers may continue to intimidate, stalk, and harass. Based upon long-term ethnographic fieldwork in a mid-Atlantic city, this paper examines the “divorce-industrial complex” and demonstrates how family court normalizes and perpetuates gender violence and inequality; by examining how middle and working-class women navigate the court system, I illustrate how institutional sexism creates outcomes that often contradict popular cultural mythologies of women as financial and custodial “winners” in the U.S. family court system. (F-39)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

KERLIN, Alisha (UNLV) From Hidden Jewel to Nexus. How can an art museum increase its relevance to the audiences it has alienated in the past, both on-and-off campus? We can nurture a deep consideration and love of the arts among visitors of all ages and backgrounds by providing positive and inclusive experiences for first-time museum guests. We can challenge our expectations of the art museum, and inspire change that strengthens both a city and a campus. Through generosity, interdisciplinary programs, thought-provoking exhibitions, and community outreach, a museum can evolve from a “hidden jewel” to a meeting place for inquiry and belonging. (F-134)

KING, Samantha (UNCCH) Plantations and Peasants: How Patterns of Colonial Land Use Structure Possibilities for Sustainable Agriculture in Dominica. Agrarian change in the Caribbean is often associated with the boom and bust of plantation-based export economies, yet the ecological constraints of more mountainous ‘frontier’ islands of the Windward chain enabled alternative configurations of farming to emerge and (under certain conditions) thrive. Drawing on mixed-methods research conducted on the island Dominica in the Eastern Caribbean, this paper integrates GIS analysis with archival and ethnographic data to explore how spatial and temporal dynamics of landscape change both impel and impede contemporary possibilities for sustainable agricultural outcomes. (F-103)​​​​​​​ 

KLATASKE, Ryan (KSU) Wildlife Management and Collaborative Conservation on Private Ranchland in Namibia: Implications for Indigenous People, Rural Communities, and Anthropologists. Anthropologists have studied and engaged extensively with indigenous people in Southern Africa, particularly with groups involved in CBNRM, rural development, and land issues. In contrast, anthropologists have studied and worked much less with European-descended Africans who own much of the land, including land where indigenous people live and work. There are important insights to be gained from a comparative perspective, especially related to resource management, labor, the benefits of hunting and tourism, and resettlement. In Namibia, white ranchers have organized relatively effective wildlife management partnerships. These partnerships offer lessons for anthropological research and practice with indigenous, resettled, and rural people. (F-32)​​​​​​​ 

KLENK, Rebecca (UTK) Ghosts, Microscopic Biota, Monoclonal Antibodies and Other Kindred Substances: Thinking Relationally With Autoimmunity. Grounded in the portrayal of existential challenges posed by Takayasu’s vasculitis, a rare autoimmune disease, this essay provides an anthropological analysis of knowledge about autoimmunity in the contemporary United States. Through engagement with narratives of autoimmune living, with encounters of ghosts and unidentified body parts, with ideas generated by anthropologists, physicians, immunologists, and biologists, this paper examines understandings of relationships between self and non-self as they inform knowledge about autoimmunity treatments. Drawing upon the holobiont concept, it proposes a model of the connected body as an alternative to the popular conceptualization of autoimmunity as an immune response against the self. (F-129)​​​​​​​ 

KLUGH, Elgin (Coppin State U) Placemaking and the Politics of Memory at Baltimore’s Historic Laurel Cemetery. Laurel Cemetery, a nondenominational cemetery for African Americans of the City of Baltimore, was incorporated in 1852 and condemned in 1957. Today, this once sacred site is the location of a well-known shopping center. This paper discusses the work of the Laurel Cemetery Memorial Task Force and its efforts to erect a permanent memorial in recognition of the thousands of African Americans interred at Historic Laurel Cemetery, to ensure the safety and stability of the site into the foreseeable future, and to educate the public about the rich history of the cemetery and the lives of those buried there. (TH-122)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

KNOWLTON, David (UVU) Disputed Citizenship: Indigenous Peruvians, Mines, and the State. Peru turned towards neoliberalism and extractivism; social movements now blanket it. Indigenous Peruvians struggle with mines opened near them that demand state protection against local communities and people. While mobilizations involve competing positions of property and proper personhood, they build on wounded senses of people as citizens with claims on the state over and against mines and the mass of Peruvians the state ever more claims as its subject. This paper explores recent conflicts in Cusco and Apurimac for understanding travails of citizenship in this fight. (F-96)​​​​​​​ 

KOHUT, Mike (Maine Med Ctr Rsch Inst) “We’re the ones that catch things”: Naturopathic Approaches to Cancer Screening and Prevention. An exploratory study into potential collaboration between licensed naturopathic doctors (NDs) and conventional MDs to promote cancer screening in Maine revealed differences between these medical approaches. NDs showed general support for routine cancer screening. They also emphasized their vigilance regarding cancer, regularly sharing anecdotes of catching cancer missed by time-compressed allopathic doctors. NDs criticized “cancer prevention” in conventional medicine, which focuses on early detection in contrast to naturopathic efforts to change carcinogenic diets and lifestyles. While most NDs welcomed collaboration with MDs, some warned against the possibility for naturopathic medicine to lose its identity amidst closer affiliation with conventional medicine. (W-41)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

KOPELENT-REHAK, Jana (UMCP) Family Frames: Storying Socioecology and Pictorial Heritage on Smith Island. Smith Island pictorial social history encourage us to think about the relationship between appearance and meaning constituted in the inhabited place. This presentation invites us to think through photographs as primary data in anthropological enquiry, about the storying of climate in relation to inscribed biographies in Smith Island albums. It discusses Islanders’ intimate visual knowledge in relation to the changing ecology. Reading old family photographs with islanders, as they are archived in albums, boxes or bags, opens a new space for connection between their sense of self and place as it is intertwined with their community heritage cross time. (F-07)​​​​​​​

KRAIESKI DE ASSUNCAO, Viviane (UNESC) Post-flood of 1974 in Tubarão River Valley (SC, Brazil): A Study on Risks, Technologies and Development Projects. The flood of 1974 caused the deaths of 199 people and displaced 60,000 of the 70,000 inhabitants of the city of Tubarão (southern Santa Catarina state, Brazil). In response to demands from the local population, some disaster prevention works were carried out in the Tubarão Valley. These measures were taken by DNOS (National Department of Works and Sanitation) during the military dictatorship (1964-1985). This research shows that these measures implies the production of notions of nature and their interaction with society, legitimized by technical and scientific discourses. It also analyzes that risk control is associated with development projects. (F-11)​​​​​​​ 

KROLL-SMITH, Steve (UNCG), BAXTER, Vern and JENKINS, Pamela (U New Orleans Emeritus) The Self in the Age of Catastrophe: Thinking beyond Recovery. Following Hurricane Katrina, FEMA introduced an official distinction between disaster and catastrophe. What were once interchangeable words, are synonyms no longer. By all regulatory measures, catastrophe is the more destructive genre of mayhem. Drawing on several data sources, I make the case that the word recovery cannot bear the weight of the myriad human variations that follow the lived-experience of catastrophe. The everyday unobtrusive is now obtrusive; the everyday understood is now misunderstood, throwing us a world we can no longer navigate with knowing confidence. Faced with lifeworld entropy, people must answer anew the age-old question: “How to live?” (F-11)​​​​​​​ 

KRONENFELD, David (UCR) Implications of Gould’s Kinterminology Analysis System. All classificatory kinterminologies sort into six formally defined structural types. The types are each based on a small set of relative product equations that reduce the kintype range for any kinterm in a system to a prototype. Further distinctive features subdivide structural categories into structurally equivalent kinterms. Kinterm contrasts across structurally equivalent kinterm systems can differ in Structurally Irrelevant ways. Conditions accounting for a system’s structural type cannot completely account for that system’s kinterminology. Structurally irrelevant parts of a kinterminology can be empirically important. Parts of a terminology can change at different rates in response to different conditions. (TH-129)​​​​​​​ 

KRUG, Melissa (Temple U) Fair-trade Exclusion: Unsupported Indigeneity in a Peruvian Handicrafts Organization. The World Fair Trade Organization’s Principles purport to promote the “cultural identity and traditional skills of small producers.” This paper demonstrates, however, that in practice fair trade has strayed from these priorities as it has become more mainstream and consumer-focused. No mention of indigeneity or language exists in the WFTO Principles. Fair-trade organizations fail to support indigenous artisans and indigenous languages, instead working most frequently with urban populations, mestizos, or “urbanized peasants” (de la Cadena 1995). Despite handicrafts’ ideological linkages to indigeneity and tradition, poor and indigenous rural communities are often excluded from fair-trade involvement. (W-73)​​​​​​​ 

KUMARI, Rashmi (Rutgers U) Working with a Shifting Positionality in Ethnographic (Re)Searching, (Re)Visiting, and (Re)Writing. This paper is a practice in thinking about positionality and reflexivity as an ethical researcher. I started thinking about these often-used strategies of researching back in 2015 when I set out to do my first ethnographic project. However, these concepts are still unsettling. In the paper, I discuss the shifting positionality of the researcher vis-a-vis a perceived and often assumed inertness of identities of indigenous schoolgirls in Central India. (S-72)​​​​​​​ 

KUNSTADTER, Peter (PHPT) Why Do Some People Get Infected With HIV While Others Do Not?: Results from a Survey of 1164 Women and 901 Men from Five Ethnic Groups in Northwestern Thailand. People’s beliefs are important for designing health education messages to influence attitudes and behavior to prevent HIV/AIDS transmission. Responses to open-ended questions are analyzed in terms of: Behavior (sexual contact, drug use, protection, occupational risks); Physical condition (strong, weak); “Blood” (similar, dis-similar); Morality (good, bad); Mindfulness (thoughtful, careful, self-respectful); MTCT (mother-to-child transmission, breastfeeding); Other (mosquito bites). Significant differences in knowledge of transmission and prevention suggest ways to tailor messages to different ethnic groups or women vs. men within groups e.g., supporting relevant beliefs such as mindfulness, correcting misconceptions about “blood” and mosquito bites, or increasing knowledge of MTCT and breastfeeding. (S-31)​​​​​​​ 

KURLANSKA, Courtney (Worcester Polytechnic Inst) Culture across the Curriculum. This paper discusses a pilot program that uses interactive modules and activities to highlight the importance of social and cultural factors in multiple contexts across disciplines. Between one and three activities were implemented in First Year project-based learning courses on different topics. Faculty were encouraged to use and adapt the material to be appropriate to their specific course content, and make the activities relevant to the subject matter. The ratings on cultural competency as self-evaluated by the students will be discussed as well as feedback from faculty who implemented the activities. (TH-134)

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