Paper Abstracts


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EARLE, Duncan (Marymount California U) Communities on Fire, Constructions of Risk. In California, as elsewhere, fire has become a growing issue, as climate change super-dries and grass and forest fires emerge on a scale and intensity not seen previously, and collide with rich and poor communities in an era of housing shortage and high income inequality. This paper provides some ethnographic insights into rural residents of forested areas ripe for fire, addressing how fires are imagined, how risk is constructed, and what motivates various kinds of (inadequate) fire preparedness—in communities facing increasing potential for annihilation, and nowhere to go. Innovative practical solutions will be offered. (S-71) 

EASLEY, Linda Elaine (Siena Heights U) “Community in Reaching”: Connecting with Social and Ecological Networks. Non-profit organizations may move in directions, which prioritize understanding and supporting, people who claim spaces and their rights to be full members of society. This involves re framing ideas about groups/communities, viewing them as dynamic, entangled networks. Recommended steps require expanding engagements with formal political processes; constructing democratic procedures, internally and externally; sharing information publicly; equitably distributing economic resources; and “in-reaching,” connecting with social/ecological networks, utilizing ethnographic perspectives/methods. These creative, dialectical processes transform all participants. Engaging with them invites us to redefine our identities…feeling ourselves as “verbs,” in contrast to nouns, humbly “coming to know,” and growing as life-long learners, as belonging to the universe. (W-07) 

EDBERG, Mark (GWU Milken Inst SPH) Cultural Fragmentation, Cultural Citizenship, and Access to Health and Related Social Services in Postcolonial Belize. Belize, in Central America, is a highly diverse country, with significant Afro-Creole, Latino (Mestizo), Garifuna, and Maya populations, each spatially concentrated in particular Districts, yet with the postcolonial (since 1981) governing structure largely Creole. Such fragmentation has been key to Belize’s emerging national identity, its political culture, disparities in poverty and health status, as well as access to health, social services, and other resources. This paper reviews the links between cultural fragmentation and access to health/social services as well as current progress in this area, based on the author’s current and previous work for UNICEF Belize. (F-67) 

EGBATAN, Mine (U Arizona) Feminist Movements, Disability and Transversal Politics in Turkey. Feminist movements in Turkey have been struggling for decades to promote gender equality through campaigns at local and national levels. Although the actors and agendas of the movements have become diversified, disabled women’s concerns have not found a place among them. This study analyzes the exclusion of disability as an agenda within the feminist movement in Turkey. I will focus on how disabled women’s experiences have been excluded from feminist movement by analyzing the narratives of feminist activists and disability activists in Turkey. I will propose transversal politics as a means to include disabled women’s experiences within broader feminist politics and movement in Turkey. (F-12)

EKLUND, Elizabeth (U Arizona) Return of the Mines. In the 1880’s the Santa Elena gold mine near Banámichi, Sonora, ceased operations because the remaining ore was too low grade to be worth extracting at the time. It took over 130 years for the price of gold and silver to rise high enough to reopen the mine. In 2011, operations began again, expanding into hard-rock mining in 2014. This paper looks at how return of the mining industry has both changed and not changed an agro-pastoral town not far from the U.S.-Mexico border, in a region with a long history of mining and that also faces ongoing threats from toxic spills. (F-06)​​​​​​​ 

ELLIOTT, Kathryn (MNSU Mankato) Core Diversity Principles Effective in Providing Services across Cultural/Ethnic Differences. In complex societies that are becoming increasingly diverse culturally and ethnically, it is also becoming increasingly important to provide healthcare and community services that incorporate knowledge of how the sociocultural context of individuals’ lives influences the way they perceive and utilize services. Drawing on experience: 1) as an applied medical anthropologist working with an Alzheimer’s diagnostic team; 2) teaching students in applied anthropology and in gerontology how to provide services across sociocultural differences; and 3) long-term research with an adult community center serving diverse populations, the presenter will discuss core diversity principles that have been effective in all these endeavors. (F-128)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

ELMAKISS, Rachel (Hendrix Coll) The Naqaab Bedouin: Hospitality and Indigeneity in an Israeli-Bedouin Community. The Bedouins are a group of nomadic or formerly nomadic people living in the Middle East. In this paper, I specifically look at the Bedouin population in Israel as they have experienced several changes in governmental control over modern-day Israeli land as well as changes in legislation and land rights. I hypothesize that hospitality is an important aspect in Bedouin life, and that for the Israeli Bedouin, government policy and sedentarization has changed the purpose of their hospitality from survivalist to a mode of communication and upholding tradition. (W-92)​​​​​​​

EMERSON, Christie (Kennesaw State U) and COOPER, Jennifer (Torrens U) Nurses’ Perceptions of Medication Errors and Error Reporting in a Culturally Diverse Nursing Setting: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The purpose of this study was to identify nurses’ perceptions of the causes of medication errors, and to identify nurses’ views regarding reporting of medication errors, in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, where the nursing workforce relies largely on culturally diverse expatriate nurses. Registered nurses involved in direct patient care on medical, oncology, and hematology units of a large public teaching hospital in Abu Dhabi, were invited to complete a survey regarding medication errors. Knowledge gained from this study may inform decisions about medication administration and error reporting procedures, especially in culturally diverse nursing settings. (W-98)

EMERSON, Christie (Kennesaw State U) Networking and Social Capital among Health Professionals in International Partnership Development. Health professionals have the opportunity to enhance the work they do by using their own social networks inside and outside the health professions. This presentation expands an understanding of networking and social capital for collaborative opportunities for collaboration and partnerships and to encourage health professionals to realize their potential social capital. Using an exemplar case, I describe how the use of social/professional networks resulted in the development of several international partnerships that evolved over seven years. This case draws on an applied anthropological approach to illustrate how one’s social capital can lead to positive outcomes for the healing professions. (W-128)​​​​​​​ 

ENGELE, Meghan (UTSA) Care Practices: Climate Change and Children. In the USA, children have a right to pursue happy and healthy lives, but that goal is undercut by climate change, which poses a disproportionate threat to children’s health. This paper argues that care practices for children fruitfully intersects with the development and implementation of care practices for the planet. It critically examines the divergent values in the USA between the state’s biopolitical aim of producing healthy bodies and its failure to implement climate policies that enable the healthy development of children. I argue that current and future policy decisions ought to take the insights regarding these relationships into account. (F-08)​​​​​​​ 

ENNIS-MCMILLAN, Michael C. (Skidmore Coll) Humanitarian Volunteer Actions to Alleviate Trauma-Related Distress among Refugees in Paris. The recent increase of immigrants seeking asylum in Europe has led to numerous humanitarian efforts to alleviate trauma-related distress among displaced people. This ethnographic study examines community-based efforts to aid recent refugees in Paris. The research draws from participant observation and open-ended interviews of 37 volunteers in a non-profit association. The study describes strategies that volunteers use to promote mental well-being among refugees as well as volunteers. The volunteers particularly frame their actions by recognizing form of distress associated with social inequality and stigma. The study reveals how anthropological perspectives can guide humanitarian interventions that aim to improve mental health of displaced populations. (W-38)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

ESCOBEDO GARCIA, Nataly (UCI) Groundwater Governance: A Critical Review. With increased dependence on groundwater as a result of climate change and the depletion of surface water sources, it is pertinent to understand how groundwater governance structures arise in order to equitably manage and allocate this resource. This paper reviews critical literature on groundwater governance focusing on: 1) defining governance structures; 2) the distribution of power and the creation of “equity”; 3) processes of decision making; 4) and meaningful stakeholder engagement. This paper concludes with a case study examining issues that arise when governing groundwater by looking at the adoption of the Sustainable Groundwater Sustainability Act in California’s Central Valley. (F-96)​​​​​​​ 

ESSNER, Steffanee (U Missouri) Bridging Mission and Passion for Donors’ Contributions to Higher Education. Now more than ever, it is important to accept the need to diversify universities’ funding streams and explore opportunities through fundraising. Philanthropy support creates a layer of complexity when working with various constituents within higher education; however, the ability to understand and navigate the need for funding and bridging it with donors’ passion is vital for success. Advancement has the ability to connect donors’ interests with mission need to create big ideas that define a new era for our universities. This session explores the importance of being donor-centric while following the mission of our universities. (F-14)​​​​​​​ 

EVERSON, Courtney (CO State U) Contested Identities, Challenged Baselines: Child Welfare as a Contemporary Contact Zone. In the United States, families at-risk for child maltreatment experience high degrees of structural vulnerability (Bourgois et al., 2017) and intersectional identity politics (Cage et al., 2018) that can result in exclusion from the very systems of care purported to serve them. In this paper, I explore public child welfare as a contemporary contact zone (Pratt, 1992), where status quo baselines are challenged by diverse family identities. Drawing on insights from multi-sited research-practice partnerships, I argue that new paradigms in family-centered, culturally responsive practices can emerge from fissures that erupt in the contact zone, paving the way for elevated services for children and youth. (F-102)

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