Paper Abstracts


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FAAS, A.J. (SJSU) Search and Activation: The Aggregation of State Effects and Encounters in the Mt. Tungurahua Disasters. During the Tungurahua eruptions, Penipeños struggled to identify and negotiate with a cast of actors and agencies, which continued as they negotiated access to aid and resettlement. Purportedly state actors were not perceived as acting independently of class or personal interest. Evacuation and the administration of aid also (often temporarily) activated ostensibly non-state actors as frontline state actors. In this paper, I treat the state as a shifting assemblage of actors, organizations, and activations whose contours I map by drawing on narratives of displaced campesinos whose encounters with the state (effects) accumulate into affective sensibilities of the state. (F-41) 

FABOS, Anita (Clark U), HAMILTON, Cheryl (IINE), and ALEXANDER, Achu Johnson (Clark U) Shared Worlds?: Observations on Relations between US- and Foreign-born Residents of Worcester, MA. The Shared Worlds project was a public conversation conducted in Worcester, MA to explore US- and foreign-born residents’ perceptions of relations across a diversifying population. With an initial aim of expanding analysis of immigrant and refugee integration beyond measurable indicators, we found common concerns across groups regarding social belonging and people’s perception of their ability to achieve those needs. We conducted 45 focus group discussion reflecting Worcester’s diverse constituencies, including those who didn’t consider themselves part of integration processes. By including these perspectives, we demonstrate the importance of a more holistic understanding of belonging in policies of “refugee integration.” (TH-153) 

FARO, Elissa (Albert Einstein Med Coll) Hierarchy, Trust, and Quality: Error Reporting in Healthcare. Much was lost in translation when healthcare adapted error and safety incident reporting from high reliability industries like aviation. This paper will explore the discrepancies between incident reporting practice (e.g., who reports, what is reported) and the discourse around the reported incident (e.g., who received the report, what happens) in a pediatric Emergency Department. I will reflect on the factors that structure the negotiation of incident reporting from the perspective of different team members and how an anthropological perspective might be leveraged to re-frame the discussion and develop actionable findings that can be used to address system-wide issues collaboratively. (W-35) 

FAVELA, Ashley (CSUDH) Household Consumption of Traje in Santiago Atitlan. Santiago Atitlan is one of the towns surrounding Lake Atitlan in Guatemala. As of 2019, Santiago Atitlan has an estimated population of 54,431 residents. The majority of residents in Santiago Atitlan are Tz’utujil Maya. The majority of female residents in Santiago Atitlan wear traje. My project studies the economic aspect of traje production, in relation to the household consumption of traje. There is a large market for traje in Santiago Atitlan, creating a lot of buying options for the women in Santiago. My project looks at the various decisions female residents in Santiago must consider, before buying traje. (TH-09)

FENG, Xianghong (E Michigan U) and LI, Qiaoyang (Guizhou Minzu U) From “Community-Based” to “Government-Directed” Ethnic Tourism: The Survival of “Gong Fen” in the Upper Langde Miao Village, China. While tourism becomes important strategy for poverty alleviation, especially in China’s ethnic minority regions, existing studies observe widespread development problems, including uneven distribution of benefits and the marginalization of local residents. These realities challenge the popular belief in “scaling up” economic growth. This paper provides an ethnographic account of Upper Langde’s tourism development and its evolution. It observes and records stakeholder interactions, patterns and narratives in quotidian routines, and investigates how these in turn provide context and meaning, and thus influence overall community development. It argues that “small” and “slow” might be the solution to achieve both efficiency and fairness. (W-102) 

FENT, Ashley (Vassar Coll) “They’ve Left Us Alone, For Now”: Activism and the Intertemporalities of Shifting Extractive Frontiers in Senegal. As Senegal develops new frontiers for mineral and hydrocarbon extraction, local residents in targeted areas have engaged in demonstrations, public debates, and militant actions in defense of land or to demand compensation. Drawing on ethnographic research with a Senegalese anti-mining movement, I argue that they have used what Stuart Kirsch has called the “politics of space” and the “politics of time,” by building translocal networks to pre-emptively disrupt extractive projects and their socioecological effects. However, the temporal maneuvers and priorities of state, corporate, and local actors in different places intersect, shaping the extractive landscape and the outcomes of social action. (TH-06)

FERNANDES, Kim (U Penn) At the Margins, between the Intersections: Disability and Enumeration under the Indian Census. This paper will examine how large-scale data collection processes, like the census, are shaped by the ideologies pertaining to the social location of different social groups within a society. In particular, how do the range of beliefs about who is “normal” contribute to how disability is defined for the purposes of informing research and policy. The paper will examine efforts to categorize people with disabilities in India thorough the definitions employed by the Indian census. Through an examination of the sociopolitical contexts around the production of disability in India, the paper will complicate narratives around measurement and data collection. (F-12) 

FERNANDEZ REPETTO, Francisco (UADY) and ARIZAGA, Diana (IFSA-Mexico) Confronting Cultural Diversity While Studying Abroad in Merida, Mexico. It is common practice to place study abroad as a challenging process, students are expected to adapt to new cultural contexts. In this study, we present two culturally diverse contexts that challenge them in new ways; one within the cohort of students studying abroad, and a second one within the context of Mexican/Yucatecan culture. In both situations, their previous ideas and assumptions on race, gender, identity, social class and heritage are contested. We analyze how they negotiate both and unpack their experiences to make sense of their experience. (TH-105) 

FERRERA, Julieta and LOPEZ, Andrea M. (UMD) Compounded Vulnerability of Latinx Who Use Drugs: Legal Violence and Frontline Provider’s Activism. The hostile immigration climate against Latinx people in the United States results in reinforced delegitimization, rendering people “undeserving” of health and social services. I present findings from a sub-study of frontline providers in Maryland, from a larger ethnographic study of drug use and services. I argue that legal violence from law and policies coupled with immigration status endangers health care access, resulting in compounded vulnerabilities such as stigma, trauma, and extreme hardship for Latinx people who use drugs. In this context, I demonstrate how frontline providers challenge legal violence through activism in their everyday work with Latinx people accessing care. (TH-158)​​​​​​​ 

FIGUEROA GRAY, MarlaineMOGK, JessicaHENRICKSON, NoraWERNLI, Karen, and BEATTY, Tara (Kaiser Permanente Washington Hlth Rsch Inst) On Digital Spaces and Biosociality: An Exploration of Identity, Medical Decision Making, and Precision Medicine on Twitter. Women with HBOC (hereditary breast and ovarian cancer syndrome) are counseled to undergo preventive surgery to mitigate cancer risk. Deciding whether and when to comply is difficult as these surgeries threaten fertility and self-identity. Women make decisions based, in part, on input from peers with similar illness experiences. For many patients, peer support is found on social media platforms. In this digital ethnographic study, we studied conversations on Twitter using the top hashtags associated with HBOC to identify how people formed a shared identity, what the nature and function of online conversations were, and how they related to medical decision-making. (W-09)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

FIGUS, Elizabeth and TRAINOR, Sarah (UAF), Organized Village of Kake Climate Change, Knowledge Co-Production, and Boundary Spanning in Alaska. Climate change is occurring rapidly throughout Alaska and its impacts are disproportionately felt by Indigenous peoples. This presentation explores knowledge co-production and boundary spanning as tools for bridging the gap between science and decision-making related to climate change in Alaska. Early stages of a multi-year project aimed at effective, equitable evaluation and training of boundary spanning professionals will be described. (F-127)​​​​​​​ 

FILE-MURIEL, Maria del Pilar (UNM) Territorialization of Indigenous Citizenship in Cauca, Colombia. This paper examines approaches to Peace as a central practice for engaging with citizenship by capitalizing on indigenous claims to territory to counteract imposed technologies of war such as displacement. The Nasa indigenous people of Colombia enact their vision as protectors of peace and indigenous territories through the Guardia Indigena’s territory-based practices and political work of the Consejo Regional Indígena del Cauca through Mingas (political mobilizations). By looking at these territorial practices, it is possible to expand our understanding of peace in the making beyond structural forms, and gain insights about Nasa indigenous citizenship and conceptions of peace. (TH-93)​​​​​​​ 

FILIPPONE, Rachel (U Arizona) Examining Trends in Social Services in Southern Louisiana: Twenty Years of Organizational Response to Volatility. In southern Louisiana, while social service organizations provide a sense of stability to their clients, they themselves are susceptible to various social, economic, and environmental disruptions impacting the region. Drawing on both primary and secondary data collected following economic downturns and oil spills, this research examines trends in the responses of social service organizations across southern Louisiana over the last twenty years. Investigating the effects of regional changes over time, as well as the methodological challenges of identifying their causes, this research contextualizes the shifting nature of social need, narratives about organizational adaptation, and perceptions around public assistance. (TH-07)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

FINAN, Timothy (U Arizona) The Perversity of Clientelism: A Case Study from Northeast Brazil. The unique social formation of Northeast Brazil has left a legacy of inequality and a society whose dynamics are based upon clientelistic relationships. With the Constitution of 1988, Brazil established a commitment to participatory democracy based on a strong narrative of cidadania (citizenship). Nonetheless, the continuing persistence of clientelism as the organizational mechanism in both public and private spheres of Northeast life has created a sui generis form of participation and citizenship that reinforces the underlying structures of inequality and poverty. The paper draws from seven years of research and activism in the most vulnerable neighborhoods of Fortaleza, Ceará, Brazil’s fourth largest city. (W-92)​​​​​​​ 

FINEGAN, Chance (U Toronto Mississauga) Protected Areas, Indigenous Peoples, and Reconciliation in the USA. This paper highlights the strong Chinook Indian Nation/National Park Service relationship at Lewis and Clark National Historical Park and Fort Vancouver National Historic Site. I integrate settler-colonial studies with park management, using stories told to me by park staff and Chinook Elders. While meaningful engagement between individual parks and Indigenous communities does not challenge the broad continuities of settler-colonialism, studying the individuals operating within broader systems can be instructive. These two cases, where the settler/Indigenous relationship is transitioning from conflict to a positive model for others to emulate, highlight how to renew park/Indigenous relationships at a micro-level. (W-31)

FISKE, Shirley (UMD) and MARINO, Elizabeth (OSU-Cascades) Coastal Communities and Climate Change: A Slow-Onset Disaster. This paper focuses on the “slow-onset” nature of climate change and the multiple jeopardies faced by place-dependent coastal communities where fishing may be but one of multiple subsistence strategies. Slow-onset, incremental disasters highlight the vulnerabilities of a moving baseline of severity, as inevitable extremes become normalized. This paper examines coastal communities’ experience and responses including adapting/coping/resisting the impacts, highlighting three case studies of coastal communities that approach the challenges of adaptation differently. The paper concludes that climate change exacerbates already existing environmental justice gaps, and lack of US policy is a major part of the problem for slow-onset disasters. (F-97)​​​​​​​ 

FITZ-HENRY, Erin (U Melbourne) Conflicting Urgencies: The Temporalities of Gold Extraction in Southern Ecuador. Temporal maneuverings are key discursive strategies by which environmental social movements seek to encourage attention to socio-environmental injuries often neglected by the powerful ministries in charge of regulating and overseeing extraction. Drawing on ethnographic fieldwork in Ecuador around two gold mines in the southern highland province of Azuay, this paper explores the diverse temporal frameworks that are currently being mobilized in and beyond the courts to both justify and challenge the State's intensifying investment in mineral extraction. (TH-06)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

FIXGemmae M. (VA & Boston U), ABRAHAM, Traci (VA & U Arkansas), NICHOLS, Linda (VA & U Tennessee), ONO, Sarah (VA & OR Hlth & Sci U), RATTRAY, Nicholas (VA & Indiana U), REISINGER, HeatherSEAMAN, Aaron, and SOLIMEO, Samantha (VA & U Iowa) Lessons on Practice from Anthropologists Working within the US’s Largest Healthcare System. A significant cadre of anthropologists work within the United States’ largest integrated healthcare system, overseen by the US Department of Veteran Affairs. These 100+ members hold disparate roles and are engaged in both every aspect of healthcare delivery, policy, and research as well as disciplinary conversations about methods, theory, and praxis. With a robust network providing ongoing support through regular communication, collaboration, and peer-mentorship, our geographically dispersed community is a rich resource for anthropologists working within healthcare systems, in clinical academic settings, and learners seeking to broaden their understanding of anthropological praxis beyond anthropology departments. (W-35)

FLEISCHER, David Ivan (Inter-American Fdn) The Use of Participatory Certification Systems as a Tool for Promoting Local Production Local Consumer Markets. Participatory organic certification systems (PGS) have changed farmers’ relationships with land and consumers. PGS in different locations in Brazil have contributed to promoting organic agriculture, the organization of new farmers markets and a rapprochement between producers and consumers. Based on a recent field study of two PGSs in different regions of Brazil, this article discusses how PGSs developed local consumer markets and structured new production processes. Peer verification processes and stakeholders’ compliance strengthens social organization. The article also discusses the social costs that PGS impose on farmers and consumers to make this collective production and marketing process work. (TH-91)​​​​​​​ 

FLEURIET, K. Jill (UTSA) Whose Border Is It, Anyway?: Representation Claims of the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands in Media, Research and Advocacy. The U.S.-Mexico border is as much trope as lived experience by diverse constituencies. In this talk, I identify and interrogate media, research and advocacy claims of representation at three scales: personal, regional borderlands, and national. I use three decades of research in cultural and medical anthropology and my lifetime personal experience in the Rio Grande Valley of Texas to argue that most social science research inadvertently reproduces dominant media and advocacy tropes of the U.S.-Mexico borderlands as distant, broken, and acted upon. At the same time, efforts to highlight local expertise and creativity risk obscuring profound social and economic inequities. (T-95)​​​​​​​ 

FLORES, Lupe (Rice U) Neither Entrance Nor Exit: Temporality and Transnational Im/mobility on the Tamaulipas-Texas Border. Based on preliminary fieldwork in Matamoros, this paper analyzes changes in US asylum policies after the Migrant Protection Protocols and the ways migrants/refugees experience im/mobility, temporality, US-Mexican laws, and incorporate themselves into city-spaces to live and work as they await hearings. As “humanitarian” care networks grow, migrants/refugees enact their own agency. Ethnographic challenges also arise when focusing on chaotic atmospheres surrounding increasingly restrictive asylum laws and the temporal uncertainties on lives stuck in transit. While analyses of these phenomena are premature, how might we understand migrant/refugee movements at this historical juncture on the US-Mexico border? (T-125)​​​​​​​ 

FLY, Jessie and BOUCQUEY, Noelle (Eckerd Coll) “They’ll Eat Anything”: Negotiating the Commons in Tampa Bay From-Shore Fishing Spaces. “They’ll eat anything” was a judgment, leveled most often by English-speaking fishers towards non-English-speaking fishers, in and around Tampa Bay, Florida. While investigating subsistence fishing and food security, we discovered a distinct hierarchy of uses and users of from-shore fishing spaces around the bay, complete with assumptions about immigrants’ fishing motivations, use and abuse of natural resources, knowledge of fisheries regulations, and suspect consumption of unpopular fish species. Our research suggests that access to marine food sources may be most important to the cultural food security of recent immigrants and yet their status as fellow commoners is frequently questioned. (F-153)​​​​​​​ 

​​​​​​​FOLMAR, Steve (WFU) When Identity Fails: Structuring Resource Access in Post-Earthquake Nepal. Surviving the 2015 Earthquake in Lamjung, Nepal maps onto caste, gender, class and modernity in complex ways. Data for this paper derive from narratives taken five months after the Earthquake. Respondents explored how government, NGOs, community organizations and local communities formally and informally legitimize or negate identity claims, which then either enables or cripples efforts to recover from disaster. Resilience characterizes groups holding high status with legitimized difference, who draw on resources delivered formally; endurance describes groups unable to establish legitimacy through difference and therefore struggle to tap into resources that would aid in their recovery and improvement. (S-71)​​​​​​​

FORD, Anabel (Exploring Solutions Past) Cultural Citizens of the Maya Forest: Developing Community Participation at the El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna. Conservation of culture and nature has roots in environmental movements. For the Maya, accounts of the ancient temples evoked mystery, a creative world of Maya antiquity. Early destinations denuded the architecture and reconstructions left the local inhabitants outside the creation. Today, as forests are threatened, ancient Maya temples are reimagined in Mexico, Belize, and Guatemala, where the local people are rarely consulted. The El Pilar Archaeological Reserve for Maya Flora and Fauna sees a new kind of cultural citizen as management planning design engages local visitors to imagine the culture and nature of the Maya forest. (W-12)

FORGASH, Rebecca, QUIZAR, Stephanie (Robin), SANDOVAL, Richard, PRICE, Liam, KHAMOV, Roman, and HORN, Myranda (MSU Denver) Who Speaks Ch’orti’? Who Owns Ch’orti’?: Language Revitalization and Cultural Citizenship in Guatemala/Honduras. This paper examines relationships between language revitalization and cultural citizenship among economically precarious Ch’orti’ Maya peoples. Ch’orti’ is spoken by approximately 22,000 people in eastern Guatemala. Ethnic Ch’orti’ also live in Honduras, but there are reportedly no speakers there. Linguistic analysis suggests that Ch’orti’ is a direct descendant of Classic Maya, carved into stone at sites like Copán and Tikal. Thus, the motives for language revitalization are many, including livelihood, identity, and autonomy. Presenters will report on language and literacy efforts on both sides of the border, including collaborative work with local teachers and civic leaders to support community initiatives. (W-72)​​​​​​​ 

FOSTER, Brian (U Missouri) Building Positive Outcomes from Conflicting Demands on Higher Education. Navigating the conflicting demands of the many constituencies of higher education institutions is complex, with profound effects on general operations, on academic delivery of instruction, of research activity, of political positioning, and much more. One critical issue is that the different sectors, disciplines, and professions cannot come together to make a coherent and compelling case for higher education—a serious political challenge. These differences also support the silo structure of institutions, creating divides that seriously threaten institutional administration, branding, political positioning, and other important functions. This paper explores effective ways of navigating this complex, challenging, and in-the-end positive environment. (F-14)​​​​​​​ 

FREIDENBERG, Judith (UMD) and CARATTINI, Amy (Montgomery Coll) Middle Class Relocations: From Migration to Mobility Paradigms. Contemporary migration analysts, policy makers and politicians focus on the migration of remittance-sending international movers, simultaneously acknowledging their contribution to development while publicly expressing concern for lack of national identity conversion. In contrast, middle- and upper class movers remain invisible to these stakeholders. This presentation will use two case studies of middle class relocation —US residents who move abroad and foreign-born university faculty who move to the US. Our comparative analysis supports a mobility paradigm to 1) address all geographical movements, regardless of motivations or future life course outcomes and 2) critically examine assumptions in a migration paradigm. (TH-02)​​​​​​​ 

FREIDUS, Andrea (Turner) (UNCC), TURNER, Immanuel (Memorial Healthcare System, Joe DiMaggio Children’s Hosp), and ROTH, Todd (Memorial Healthcare System, Total Heart Ctr) Examining Health Disparities among Minority Adult Congenital Heart Disease Patients at One Total Heart Center. Advances in early detection, surgical intervention, and medical management for congenital heart defects have led to decreasing morbidity and mortality among children, and the subsequent rise in the adult congenital heart disease population. While health disparities among pediatric patients have been well established demonstrating that African American children face worse outcomes, very little is known about disparities among adult patients (18 years and above). This study presents in-depth narratives of adult congenital heart disease patients to better understand the presence and potential causes of health disparities among minority patients for use in a patient education program and for policy advocacy. (S-31)​​​​​​​ 

FRYMAN, Brandon (Shoreline CC) Applying Anthropology at a Women’s Shelter: Needs Assessment, Writing Grants, and Sex Trafficking. There are around 19,000 homeless women living in Los Angeles who struggle with jobs, affordable housing and sex trafficking. Through a needs assessment and data collected through daily visits on the streets we discovered themes that lead to over $300,000 in various grants. We created new resources at the homeless center, including vocational and resume building classes, a laundromat, access to donated professional attire, a library and social workers. We also created a program to uncover sex trafficking victims and got survivors the help they needed to escape. (TH-152)​​​​​​​ 

FULTON, Kara (UNT) Cultivating Responsible Citizenship through Service-Learning in a Nontraditional Degree Program. A responsible citizen is someone who understands their role in the community and attempts to make a positive impact. Service-learning is one way to encourage responsible citizenship by asking students to engage with and reflect on their communities. This study explores student perceptions toward civic engagement in an undergraduate service-learning course focused on the interdisciplinary examination of social issues. Using a validated measure, changes among students were documented in six topic areas: civic action, interpersonal and problem-solving skills, political awareness, leadership skills, social justice attitudes, and diversity attitudes. Results were compared across sections with different service-learning requirements and delivery formats. (TH-104)

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