Session Abstracts


A-B-C | D-E-F | G-H-I | J-K-L | M-N-O | P-Q-R  | S-T-U-V | W-X-Y-Z

GERBER, Elaine (Montclair State U) and RUTHERFORD, Danilyn (Wenner Gren) Audio Description: A Roundtable at the Intersection of Visual Anthropology and Disability Studies. “Audio description” - an accommodation for blind people - could be used more broadly, as a tool of visual anthropology. The use of “image descriptions” has become widespread online, moving beyond disability circles, as people curate their images and focus viewers’ attention on what they should “see” in any particular picture. While Disability Studies has been pioneering ‘best practices’ for description and driving innovation, these strategies have not been embraced by visual anthropologists, nor become central to their work and training. This session addresses that gap, while simultaneously pushing our field to be more inclusive and highlighting anthropology’s contemporary relevance for online images and video. (TH-102) 

GONZALEZ BAUTISTA, Noémie (U Laval) Shifting the Focus: Supporting the Agency and Creativity of Marginalized Groups in Disaster Research. Systemic inequalities under capitalism, colonialism, and patriarchy can deprive people of important relationships, knowledge, traditional lands, and resources. Despite ongoing challenges, many marginalized groups have developed and sustained knowledge and resources to deal with extreme situations. In times of disaster, people experiencing systemic inequalities will likely be identified as “vulnerable” and be deprived of their agency by the application of universal procedures. As disaster researchers and practitioners, how can we support the resources and agency of people undergoing systemic vulnerability? How can we elevate and put greater emphasis on place-based communities’ agency, creativity, and autonomy in the face of disasters? (W-101) 

GONZALES, Melissa (UNM) 75 Years of Resource Extraction and Environmental Contamination on Tribal Lands. The West is home to almost half of the US Native American population. These peoples have experienced decades of environmental degradation from natural resource extraction. From 1944 through the Cold War, nearly 30 million tons of ore from 500 mines on the Navajo Nation supplied uranium for US atomic weapons. 75 years on, the communities still live with widespread persistent environmental hazards from slow cleanup of now-abandoned mines. Expanding oil and gas extraction with processes such as fracking, pose new risks and challenges for local communities. We consider damage assessment, remediation, community actions and reactions to environmental degradation. (T-33) 

GRAY, Benjamin (U Montana) The Rights and Responsibilities of Environmental Citizenship. Managing natural resources and other environmental concerns is difficult, particularly when multiple stakeholder groups have an interest in policy decisions. Conflict and inequitable outcomes occur with unfortunate frequency. As the world’s burgeoning population confronts the declining availability and quality of natural resources, the ways diverse groups of people and the state or states in which they reside address natural resource and environmental issues is of paramount concern. This panel will build on this year’s conference theme of cultural citizenship and turn it toward the concept of environmental citizenship. What rights and responsibilities are involved with environmental citizenship? (W-121) 

GREEN, Molly (UNCCH) and HUANG, Sarah (Purdue U) Complex Engagement: Challenging Citizenship in Natural Resource and Agricultural Management. This panel looks at how communities make claims to citizenship, or how individuals forge their identities and criteria for belonging, within agricultural production, resource management, and responses to environmental disasters. Drawing from five case studies in Latin America and Asia, we broadly analyze the mobilizations of local communities and their approaches to claiming citizenship rights and challenging globalization in the struggle for environmental justice. Our papers analyze the encounters—and resulting tensions, struggles, or collaborations—between governing bodies and communities as they address environmental concerns and as place-based communities center diversified environmental livelihood approaches in their claims to citizenship. (TH-32) 

GREENWALD, Randee (NMSU) and BREDA, Karen Lucas (U Hartford) Community Response to Asylum-Seekers: Anthropology and Rights at the New Mexican Border. Border communities, some of the poorest in New Mexico, saw an exponential rise in families seeking asylum, coming from Central America in the past two years. In a humanitarian response, these communities provided hospitality and medical care to asylum-seekers transiting through the area. What is the role of applied anthropology in the context of human rights for those caught in changing border policies? Round table participants are locals who live and advocate for the rights of those on both sides of the border. Engaging the public in grassroots action and promoting border community response is central to this session. (T-34) 

GREENWOOD, Kim (NPS), LEONG, Kirsten (NOAA PIFSC), WISE, Sarah (NOAA AFSC), and HOELTING, Kristin (CO State U) What Is the Role of Western Social Science in Embracing Tribal and Other Knowledges for Federal Resource Management? Part II: Where Can We Go?Following Part I of this series, this panel will explore with the audience native perspectives on understanding and valuing diverse knowledge systems in Federal resource management. Federal agencies increasingly seek to incorporate multiple knowledge systems (e.g., local, traditional, or indigenous) to complement western natural science in resource management. Yet western anthropological methods are advocated for learning about and including these other knowledge systems. Is this hypocritical? Or is social science a necessary bridge? What other barriers or bridges exist to embracing multiple knowledge systems, and what are crucial next steps to improve inclusivity in management? (T-128) 

HALL-ARBER, Madeleine (MIT Sea Grant, retired), GRIFFITH, David (ECU), and CONWAY, Flaxen (OR State U, Sea Grant) Labor and Immigration in US Fishing Communities. Immigrants gravitated to fishing and seafood processing as a first step to making their way in a new country. In this session, we will be considering the waves of immigration to different regions of the US, what attracted them, and how they have been integrated or not into a community, settled or moved on. We will be exploring what role institutions, markets, and/or politics have played in this process. Finally, we will discuss with attendees how information about immigrants in fishing communities could engage the general public in current immigration debates, clearing up misconceptions and, hopefully, engendering empathy. (W-127) 

HAWVERMALE, Erica (UNT) Client Based Praxis: Using Anthropological Methods and Theory to Address Organizational Needs. Anthropologists are increasingly employed outside of academia. In this sector, some work on client-based projects, where their client organizations determine the research questions, and where the output of the research is in a format that can be best utilized by the client. Each of the authors in this session conducted research for an organizational partner in a client-based relationship. Some of the clients were non-profits, some were community groups, and some were for-profit entities. In each case, the anthropologist addressed a research question that their client needed answered and presented their findings as a “deliverable” for their client. (F-04) 

HENDERSON, Heather and WILSON, Jason (USF) At the Intersection of Anthropology and Medicine: Towards a New Clinically Applied Anthropology. The field of biomedicine is ripe for incorporating anthropological collaboration. This roundtable discussion demonstrates how medical anthropology is currently being utilized by a variety of professionals in varied ways to solve problems that are affecting patient outcomes and quality of care in clinical settings. From pressing matters such as cancer, substance use disorders, and patient satisfaction, all the way to utilizing education to teach pre-medical students about effective ways to incorporate social determinants of health into their future clinical practice, we hope to in this session illuminate the multifaceted ways that you can apply anthropology to traditionally clinical concerns. (W-68) 

HESSLER, Richard (U Missouri Emeritus) P.K. New Award Presentation. Following the awards presentations, several former recipients will address what the award has meant to them, personally, and career-wise. A moderator will help focus discussion on the implications for research, teaching, and SFAA. (TH-100)​​​​​​​ 

HEUER, Jacquelyn and BRADLEY, Sarah (USF) Engaging Applied Research in Community Food Movements. This roundtable will explore how researchers can contribute to community food movements by working with community partners and institutions. In doing so, participants will engage with issues such as conducting evaluations for community programs, building lasting partnerships between community food movements and institutions, informing food policy, and disseminating research in impactful ways. Drawing on a diversity of applied food systems research, we will consider questions such as: How can participatory methods be used to support community food movements? How can researchers help navigate the implicit power dynamics among movement stakeholders? How can researchers help grow community power in food movements? (W-91)​​​​​​​ 

HEYMAN, Josiah (UTEP) Political Ecology, Political Economy, and Applied Anthropology: Honoring James Greenberg. James (Jim) Greenberg has been remarkably creative over many decades, with a notable role in establishing the field of political ecology, and also offering important work on indigenous Mexicans, funds of knowledge, networks of reciprocity, capital, and credit systems. His fieldwork includes indigenous Oaxaca, the U.S.-Mexico border, and Mexican-origin peoples of greater Southwest North America. We come together with Jim to recognize his remarkable presence and creativity over more than four decades. (F-43)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

HITCHCOCK, Robert (UNM) and BIESELE, Megan (Kalahari Peoples Fund) Voices from the Communities: Interactions and Collaborations among Indigenous People, Anthropologists, and Educators, Parts I-II. Indigenous people in southern Africa and other parts of the world have faced discrimination, marginalization, and dispossession of their lands and resources. Non-government organizations and community-based organizations have been collaborating in promoting human rights and equitable development in southern Africa for nearly 50 years. Drawing on experiences of NGOs. CBOs, and researchers, this symposium will examine efforts to listen to the voices of indigenous people and to come up with strategies that meet their needs and help to negotiate their rights in the face of challenges from state governments, international agencies, and the private sector. (F-02, F-32)​​​​​​​ 

HOELTING, Kristin (CO State U), WISE, Sarah (NOAA AFSC), and LEONG, Kirsten (NOAA PIFSC) The Role of Diverse Knowledge Systems and Plural Values in Federal Resource Management, Part I: Where We Have Been. This session explores ways multiple knowledge systems can meaningfully inform Federal decision making processes. Federal managers and collaborators are in need of methods, tools, and processes that create space for knowledges arising from multiple human-nature relationships and understandings of well-being. Knowledge systems such as local, traditional, or indigenous knowledge can improve resource managers’ understandings of socio-ecological processes, as well as ecosystems’ contributions to human well-being. The papers in this session explore pathways toward broader and meaningful consideration of diverse knowledge systems within federal decision-making, with the aim to expand existing approaches and identify opportunities. (T-98)​​​​​​​ 

HOLBROOK, Emily (USF) Issues for Refugee Resettling in the US. This panel discusses issues with refugee resettlement in the US including the unique issues for refugees from the Congo Wars, education policy, accessing and utilizing food benefits, and reproductive healthcare. This panel will also address applied projects focusing on some of these issues including the creation of ESOL materials and Oral History projects. The authors are all engaged in applied work with diverse refugee communities across West Central Florida. (W-94)​​​​​​​ 

HOUSE, Kendall (Boise State U) and MILLER, Christine (Savannah Coll of Art & Design) Emerging Developments: Anthropology, Design, and the UX Space. The relationship between design and anthropology is growing, multifaceted, and dynamic, driven in part by new digital technologies. This session explores the complex intersection between anthropology, design, and the UX space where collaborative practice is transforming both design and anthropology. Anthropologists are increasingly branding their work as UX research, adding greater flexibility and fluidity. How do professionals working at this confluence position their expertise? What kind of work do they do? How does the practice of anthropology in this space transform design and applied anthropology? (W-103)​​​​​​​ 

HUME, Douglas (NKU) and CARSON, Sarah (U Penn) Ethnographic Field and Data Analysis Methods: One-on-one Mentoring. The Society for Anthropological Sciences has assembled ethnographic methods experts to answer questions one-on-one about the following research methods: cultural consensus, cultural consonance, corpus-driven ethnography, elicitation by frame, free-listing, interviewing, lexical analysis, pile sorting, social network analysis, survey methods, and symbolic projective tasks. To familiarize attendees with their realms of expertise before the annual meeting, each expert participant has posted materials (videos, manuscripts, and presentations) demonstrating how they have applied their methodology within the context of a case study on the Society for Anthropological Sciences website: (S-49)​​​​​​​ 

HUME, Douglas (NKU) Sugar Cane Farming Community Development: Findings of the 2019 Ethnographic Field School in Belize. This round table is a forum for discussion of the findings from the Ethnographic Field School in Belize during which students conducted ethnographic interviews within sugar cane farming communities in Northern Belize. In collaboration with community partners, ethnosemantic data were collected on child education and labor, health and traditional medicine, Fairtrade, climate change, and social networks of farming knowledge. Data were analyzed using attribute, consensus, and network analyses. The discussion of results will focus on how the current data may aid local community development initiatives and the focus of community-based research during the next field season. (F-91)

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