Paper Abstracts


A  ·  B  ·  C  ·  D  ·  E  ·  F  ·  G  ·  H  ·  I-J  ·  K  ·  L  ·  M  ·  N  ·  O  ·  P  ·  Q-R  ·  S  ·  T  ·  U-V  ·  W  ·  X-Y-Z

XUE, Yan (CO State U) An Analysis of Chinese Transgender People’s Engagement in the Transnational Online Community on WeChat: Stress and Strength. The internet revolution is said to change both the patterns of how transgender activism is organized on the collective level and how transgender people receive and provide help on the individual level. The emergence of various technologies, such as Twitter and Facebook, provides transgender people diverse choices to meet their needs, such as asserting their gender identities, making contacts with each other, and building resilience. This paper demonstrates that the transnational online community roots in WeChat, an instant messaging platform, both facilitate and sometimes negatively affect the self-identification and transition processes of transgender people in China. (S-43) 

YAMADA, Naomi (U Tsukuba) Alienated from the Tautology: Media Literacy in the Wake of the Mueller Report. This paper examines the circular reasoning that has been employed in the wake of the completion of the Mueller report. Supporters of President Trump are alienated from his legal defense strategy, in which his innocence is maintained without respect to his actions since he cannot be indicted. Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s report was structurally constrained, but his absence of judgment was interpreted by supporters as an absence of evidence and thus, a declaration of innocence. This paper proposes a way to conceptualize the tautology, and to teach critical approaches to media analysis. (F-93)

YAMADA, Toru (Meiji U) Negotiating Japanese Nationalism After Achieving World Heritage Inscription. In this paper, I examine the meaning of treat in recent World Heritage nomination in Japan, and possible detachment of culture from the newly inscribed heritage properties. Along with the main theme of the heritage properties, food has also been another core component in terms of its legal aspect of the inscription process of Nagasaki’s Hidden Christian Sites. In this process, officials and residents sometimes have hard time finding the middle point because a scenic heritage landscape is often consisted of crops and fishes with high commercial values, and the local residents have consumed those in primarily limited special occasions. (F-93) 

YÁÑEZ SERRANO, Paloma (U Manchester) and LLORENS ROCAMORA, Benjamin (St. Andrews U) Visual Narratives of the End of the Oil Era: Towards an Energy Conscious Education. Following the footsteps of Statoil (now Equinor), the Norwegian oil company operating in Brazil, the paper tackles questions like why to continue exploring for oil and gas today and the ethical dilemmas involved. The objective is to unveil different realities inside the oil industry as well as how oil workers negotiate in a personal level and as members of their society, their ethical position towards climate issues, renewables energies and the future of oil. It also discusses the importance of teaching about energy to fight for energy justice. (TH-43)

ŽABICKA, Anna (U Vienna) Shaping Morally Correct Individuals and Families in Latvia. Throughout the years Latvian MPs have stressed the great value of every child and family. However, MPs’ speeches reveal efforts of the state to shape only certain kin relations that conform with specific values, like (sexual) virtue, “Latvian folk wisdom” and patriotism, enshrined in the Constitution. In my paper, that is based on the qualitative content analysis of Latvian Parliament Speeches 1993-2017, a project I did this summer, I track links between reciprocal kinship-state relations and argue that efforts to (morally) shape various existing kin relations by creating inclusion/exclusion criteria come into conflict with the declarative value of every family. (W-122) 

ZANCHETTA, Margareth (Ryerson U), SANTOS, W.S. and VIDUEDO, A.S. (U Brasilia), VENTURA, K. (U Minas Gerais), ALVES, V.H. (Fluminense U), CABRAL, I.E. and CARVALHO, A.L.O. (U Rio de Janeiro), COSTA, E. (U Sao Paulo), FAUSTINO e FREITAS, W.M. (U Paraiba), FELIPE, I.V. (Ryerson U), GOMES, D.T. (U Juiz de Fora), LIMA, R.F.S. (U Amazonas), PACHECO, Z.M.L. (U Juiz de Fora), PARMEJIANI, E.P. (U Rondonia), PEREIRA, M.S.S. (U Amazonas), PEREIRA, A.V. (Fluminense U), PINHEIRO, A.S. (U Rondonia), SOUTO, R.Q. (U Paraiba), VIEIRA, B.G. (Fluminense U) Between Women’s Political Awareness and Political Literacy: Obstetric Nurses’ Advocacy for Inclusive Rights in Brazil. A critical ethnography on the implantation of Brazil’s Humanization of Delivery and Childbirth Policy identified the challenges of obstetric nurses to make women buy-in the concept of obstetric rights. To inhibit conditions for obstetric violence, nurses struggle with individual/collective educational initiatives addressing gender particularities. Pregnant, parturient and new mothers possess superficial political awareness and low political literacy. Age and ethnocultural diversity are used as argumentation to mislead women’s empowerment awakening to deal with the public health system. Crossing the borders of voiceless and oppressed groups who had the opportunity to disclose the way they had witnessed-lived-not denounced obstetric violence. (W-69) 

ZANCHETTA, Margareth, SATTAUR, S., HUACO, N., LELAY, M., LELAY, M. M., and ALEMAN-PASTOR, A. (Ryerson U), PACHECO, L. (Federal U Goias) Lens of Social Justice and Inclusiveness for Immigrant/Refugees/Stateless Individuals: Adoption by Canadian Students to Immersion in Research Fieldwork in Goiania, Brazil. Currently, Brazil as a new host country for refugees/immigrants/stateless individuals deals with complex urgencies to protect human rights, respect cultural diversity and respond to social-health issues, particularly for public health programs for sexually transmitted infections. Canadian undergraduate students participated in data collection with these populations to uncover health hazards related to sexual health. Ingrained values of social justice and inclusiveness guided students’ immersion in welcoming socio-cultural spaces. English-French-Spanish languages allowed cultural proximity and acknowledgement of religious leadership citizenry and social solidarity. The research-fieldwork promoted in-depth reflections on underpinning frameworks that inspire Brazilian professionals to design a better settlement process. (S-03) 

ZAROFF, Zoe (GVSU) and PENADOS, Filiberto (U Toronto) Growing Heritage: The Home Gardens of San Jose Succotz. San Jose Succotz is a village of Maya heritage located in western Belize. Like other Maya villages, Succotzeños have a tradition of maintaining forest gardens, or gardens filled with trees of varying heights and few cleared spaces. Historically, these gardens were used to supplement diets, provide medicine, and supply firewood and carpentry wood. Using ethnographic data collected on modern gardens during summer 2019, this paper argues that while garden function and layout may be changing due to economic pressures, home gardens continue serve as places of cultural heritage retention and as points of connection to Maya identities. (TH-123)​​​​​​​ 

ZEWERI, Helena (Rice U) Emerging Carceral Geographies: Rethinking the Border in Australia’s Movement to End Offshore Detention. In recent years, the movement to end Australia’s offshore detention of asylum seekers has decentered Australian contiguous territory as the primary site of border control. This paper examines how two activist groups are calling attention to Australia’s ‘carceral archipelago’ (Manus and Nauru). Through protests and teach-ins, activists reveal how Australian border control encompasses a broader regional maritime geography, to the detriment of asylum seekers, local populations, and local ecologies. By turning to Australia’s new frontiers of carceral, political, and economic power these groups generate new political questions around the expansionary logics of settler colonial sovereignty itself. (W-03)​​​​​​​ 

ZHENG, Tiantian (SUNY Cortland) Intimate Partner Violence, Women, and Resistance Strategies in Postsocialist China. Based on my ethnographic research with the women since the summer of 2014, I will analyze and explore women’s responses and resolutions against violence to demonstrate women’s agency and resistance against violence in postsocialist China. This paper will first historicize violence against women in China, and then offer a literature review of violence against women in China.  I will explore structural constraints that shape women’s experiences of violence on a daily basis, and illustrate women’s resistant strategies to thwart intimate partner violence in their daily lives. (W-99)

©Society for Applied Anthropology 

P.O. Box 2436 • Oklahoma City, OK 73101 • 405.843.5113 •