Paper Abstracts


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SAAD, Summar (Wayne State U) “Brain death is death”: Navigating Brain Death’s ‘Fuzzy’ Boundaries in Clinical Practice. Inspired by the work of Robert Hertz, a significant body of anthropological scholarship on death has studied dying as a process rather than an event. These studies, informed by the concept of liminality, have highlighted the culturally ambiguous boundaries between life and death. My project takes the case of brain-death, a contested cultural model of death, to explore how categories and classifications are sustained and negotiated through everyday practice. Using ethnographic data from my fieldwork in a neuro-intensive care unit, I examine the work of clinicians and Gift of Life as they navigate the implications of brain death’s ‘fuzzy’ boundaries. (TH-94) 

SAKELLARIOU, Dikaios (Cardiff U) Dis/Ablism in Healthcare: The Construction and Effects of Disability-Based Discrimination. Disabled people often report poorer health outcomes and increased barriers to accessing healthcare, compared to the general population. In this paper, I explore how dis/ablism encroaches in the healthcare system leading to compromised cancer care for disabled people. Using empirical evidence from the UK, I argue that disability-based discrimination in healthcare is reflective of broader structural processes, closely linked to a discourse of constructing disability and its effects as a personal issue, and thus an individual responsibility; disabled people are rendered responsible not only for the care they receive, but also for their bodies and the identities they embody. (F-42) 

SALVADOR, Melina (UCSF/UC-Berkeley) Psychosis Timelines and Their Value beyond Diagnosis. This paper looks at a technique central to U.S. psychiatric practice, the clinical timeline. Based on 12 months of ethnographic fieldwork across two early psychosis clinics, I consider how timelines are fashioned, how they are used, when they become problematic, and what they do. I then turn to extraordinary experiences of time shared with me by people on the incipient edges of psychosis to open up the possibility that timelines, a technique compromised by reductive tendencies, could become expansive enough to accommodate radical difference. This paper asks how we might learn from the extraordinary to apprehend experience in another way. (S-04) 

SALVI, Cecilia (CUNY Grad Ctr) Letras de Esperanza: Micro-Publishing Writings by People Currently Or Formerly Incarcerated. Cartoneras are micro-publishing houses that handcraft book covers from upcycled cardboard. They do so with the stated goal of making literature accessible to all, including populations that are considered vulnerable or marginalized. This paper explores the work of cartoneras dedicated to organizing writing workshops for and publishing writings by people currently or formerly incarcerated, and their understandings of how literature is democratized through this intervention. What does it reveal about civic participation and cultural citizenship in Latin America? (S-43) 

SANCHEZ MOLINA, Raúl (UNED) Family Re-production beyond National Borders in Spain: Processes of Family Transnationalization in Contexts of Globalization. While women from developing countries leave their children in home societies to care for other children in richer nation-states, people from these nations also cross borders seeking to have their children through adoption or gestational surrogacy. These processes of family transnationalization have been a growing social phenomenon in Spain in the last decades. While heterosexual couples and single people decide to have their children through adoption abroad, other heterosexual couples, single gays, and same-sex male couples seek to form their family through surrogacy. Drawing from ethnographic data, this paper analyzes how these parents re-image kinship in transnational contexts. (S-33) 

SANTIAGO, Ana Elisa (NIU/U Federal São Carlos) Peacekeeping Operation: When Humanitarian Aid Is in Conflict With Human Rights. This paper intents to discuss the initial reflections upon my ongoing PhD research, which proposes to carry out an ethnography about MINUSTAH – Mission Nations Unies por la Stabilisation en Haiti. During the research, I’ve been investigating which technical, financial and human resources are necessary to build and maintain a peacekeeping mission, especially the notions that permeate and sustain it, such as development, democracy, freedom, human rights. In this sense, I am interested in discussing how peace is defined by bureaucracy, engendering (unforeseen) institutional and social effects in Haiti. (W-02)

SANTOS CORTESLizbeth, BOJIC, Bridget, VAZQUEZ, Jailene, WEINER, Morgan, and MULLIGAN, Jessica (Providence Coll) Devising Emergency Infrastructures for Mitigation Post Hurricane Maria. Healthcare providers in Puerto Rico creatively improvised emergency solutions to continue delivering care and recover from Hurricane Maria. In semi-structured interviews, health care providers described the destruction of infrastructure caused by the storm, the slow governmental response, and solutions they implemented to rebuild. Providers described instances of community outreach, creating networks to obtain supplies, and alternative means of communication we term emergency infrastructures (Ficek 2018). This paper recognizes that the dedication or “compromiso” of health care workers is critical to the resilience of the health care system and hurricane preparedness. (W-11) 

SANTOS, Jose (Metro State U) Anxiety and Learning: Cultural Polarization in Social Science Courses. University social science instructors sometimes encounter student silence or quarrels around culturally contentious subjects. In a culture that promotes distrust around the issues they teach, how do professors perceive and cope with such difficulties? Preliminary research using qualitative interviews with teachers from two different US universities explore problems they encounter and strategies they employ in the face of student struggles with nuance and a phenomenon this paper will refer to as polarization anxiety. Professors strategize to teach the complexity of phenomenon some students have been culturally predisposed to oversimplify, polarize, or remain silent about. (TH-104) 

SAUER, Christopher (U Arizona) Cultural Landscapes and the Tumamoc Hill Road Re-Pavement Project: Illustrating Connection to Place in Tucson Arizona. The repair of existing infrastructure corridors within a beloved cultural landscape, along with the associated planning, community fund raising, and construction, are social processes that illuminate connection to landscape, culture and community. Using historical and ethnographic research, we gain insight into the beliefs and values of a variety of overlapping stake holders in this unique and protected desert environment, including the academic leadership of the Desert Laboratory of Tumamoc Hill, the organizers of a crowd-funded re-pavement campaign, engineers, City officials, construction workers, and the numerous cultural citizens who walk this road from 4am to 10pm. (TH-103) 

SAUNDERS, Michael (Tulane U) Patrimonio del Pueblo: A Maya Perspective on Ecological Management. While still addressing this year’s theme, this paper utilizes a slightly different approach, focusing on how returning migrants have not changed despite long periods abroad. Ideas concerning the necessity of managing natural resources – even if on private land – as common property persist; the ecosystem itself is, in fact, viewed as a common resource to be managed for everyone’s benefit, especially in that humans are a vital part of that ecosystem. This “ecological citizenship” is seen as crucial to community survival and, if anything, experience with non-Maya concepts of private property has reinforced the need to proactively implement local solutions to environmental perils. (F-06) 

SCARRITT, Janelle (SFSU) Storytelling as Ethnography: An Anthropological Approach to Student-Veteran Research. Literature describing student-veterans pursuing higher education emphasizes the challenges they face as college students. However, few sources have student-veteran voices. Moreover, there is an overwhelming slant to report information regarding student-veteran struggles and ailments, disregarding the ways in which their post-military college experiences are positive and unique. This paper argues that reflexive ethnography (specifically using my knowledge from military exposure to better understand student-veterans) is the best way to serve and research this group. It is about student-veterans, written for them by recording the experiences of current and past student-veterans, addressing their specific concerns. (W-14)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

SCHAFFT, Gretchen E. (American U) Self Help in Health Care among the Amish in a Central Pennsylvania Community. This paper describes how Old Order Amish decide upon appropriate health care, how they finance that care through community management, and negotiate with institutions for the best economic values they can obtain. Amish do not enroll in government or private insurance plans, but pay into a community-managed welfare fund, use alternative providers and also indigenous caregiving groups who visit patients in their homes. Such groups provide therapy for mentally ill community members through discussion of perceived problem, and occasionally accompany the patient to work or facilitate placement into live-in settings that are staffed by Amish practitioners and some medical personnel. (F-38)​​​​​​​ 

SCHEINFELD, Daniel (Erikson Inst-Chicago, Retired) On Educating Children and Adolescents to Respond Proactively and Creatively to the Causes and Consequences of Climate Change. What kinds of developmental processes will result in children growing up to respond proactively, creatively and effectively to the causes and consequences of climate change? The paper addresses that question by proposing a sequence of development processes, ages 3-18, that will result in children caring deeply for the natural world, thinking in terms of social-ecological systems, empathizing with other human populations throughout the planet, and having well-developed capacities for collaborative problem solving along with a sense of agency for bringing about social-ecological change. The paper will review these processes and provide brief examples from educational programs. (TH-104)​​​​​​​ 

SCHELHAS, John (USFS), HITCHNER, Sarah and DWIVEDI, Puneet (UGA) African American Landownership and Forestry in Georgia: Challenges and Opportunities. African American rural land ownership, agriculture, and forestry in the U.S. South have declined markedly over the past century. The challenges of small-scale agriculture mean that forestry is the most appropriate productive land use choice, yet engagement in forest management is often hindered by heirs’ property, lack of knowledge, and poor access to technical and financial assistance. We conducted ethnographic and qualitative research to document land ownership and use history, ownership patterns, experience with forestry, and future land management goals in Georgia. Based on this data, we discuss the diverse situations, challenges, and opportunities faced by African American landowners. (F-13)​​​​​​​ 

SCHERBINSKE, Shanna (U Washington) Volunteer Perspectives on Refugee Resettlement. Although the U.S. has historically operated the world’s largest refugee resettlement program, this work has become increasingly controversial. Refugee resettlement agencies have sought creative ways to help meet the needs of newly arrived refugees, including a new program that explicitly engages community members—financially, logistically, and interpersonally—in the work of helping integrate refugees. This paper focuses on the perspectives of the volunteers who serve as co-sponsors. Why do they engage in this work, and what does it entail? In what ways have they been prepared? What has their involvement taught them about refugees, integration, and successfully “becoming American?” (F-123)

SCHMADER, Matt (UNM) Ancestral Villages and Sacred Spaces: A Case Study from Central New Mexico. Government entities who manage land with significant cultural resources have more than a legal responsibility to confer with local indigenous communities. They have a moral and ethical imperative to ensure that management of places is responsible and appropriate for involved or interested groups. Albuquerque, NM is located in the heart of indigenous homelands for numerous pueblos, tribes, and other traditional communities. This paper will discuss local and federal management of an ancestral village which was a battlefield during first European contact, related tribal consultations, and issues on nearby affiliated lands in Petroglyph National Monument. (F-32)

SCHMIDT-SANE, Megan (CWRU) The Political Economy of HIV/AIDS in Urban Uganda: Hustling, Economic Survival, and Challenges in HIV Treatment Adherence among Low-Income Men. Men in Uganda have lower rates of HIV treatment uptake (79% vs. 62%) and viral suppression (below 50%) than women (PEPFAR, 2018). Traditional public health approaches are inadequate for understanding the political and economic context of these outcome disparities. A political economy framework has been applied to HIV/AIDS in other contexts (Hunter, 2007) and is useful here to understand why a legacy of colonial structures, urban migration, and social dislocation contributes to poor HIV outcomes. Based on a multiyear ethnography (2016-2019), this presentation details the context of high unemployment and dense sexual networks in a low-income community in urban Uganda to inform HIV programming. (S-01)​​​​​​​ 

SCHMIDT, Michelle (ENMU) Diabetes Risk and the Embodiment of Development in Postcolonial Belize. This paper explores diabetes as the embodiment of pathological forms of development in Maya Mountains Reservation (MMR) communities in southern Belize. MMR communities demonstrate notably lower prevalence of diabetes (approximately 2%) than the national rates (15-32%), which community members attribute to the retention of traditional health paradigms and cultural-ecological activities. Neo-traditional peasant farming practices promote resilience to diabetes by collectivizing risk and routinizing healthy material and social relationships. However, informants find it increasingly difficult to maintain these practices in the context of hegemonic modernization. Through ethnographic research, I draw on Maya perspectives to challenge individualistic biomedical paradigms of risk and suggest development alternatives. (S-41)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

SCHNEIDER, Sue (CO State U Ext) Senior Access Points: Bridging the Rural Resource Divide. The United States is rapidly aging; the number of Americans over age 65 is projected to almost double by 2060. While most older adults prefer to age in their homes, their ability to do so is differentially affected by geography and access. Rural populations, for example, experience lower levels of aging-related resource awareness and access than their urban counterparts. Senior Access Points, a Northern Colorado university-community partnership led by Colorado State University Extension, formed to decrease information access barriers. Rural outreach efforts demonstrate opportunities and challenges for bridging the resource divide and engaging new forms of participation and security-making. (TH-155)​​​​​​​ 

SCHOENBERG, NancyDUNFEE, M., and RUTLEDGE, M. (UKY), PFAMMATTER, A. and SPRING, B. (Northwestern U) Perspectives on an mHealth/personalized Health Coaching Energy Balance Intervention among Rural Appalachian Residents. Despite suboptimal diet and exercise and sparse personal and community resources, increasing personal technology use and connectivity may help overcome health disparities in rural Appalachia. During four focus groups and sixteen key informant interviews, we obtained local residents’ perspectives on an evidence-based diet and physical activity mHealth intervention, Make Better Choices 2 (MBC2). Participants indicated strong support for MBC2, but noted some persistent challenges that might complicate the implementation of the intervention. Most suggested leveraging personal connections, using local coaches, and enhancing participants’ educational opportunities. These and additional perspectives will be integrated to adapt MBC2 for vulnerable rural residents. (W-09)​​​​​​​ 

SCHRUPP, Maria (CSBSJU) Influx of Migration and Collapse of a Nation: An Analysis of Changing Migration Patterns in Santiago, Chile. In recent years, migration has become a topic of increasing importance, sparking global discussions about migrants’ rights and the implications of large-scale immigration. Latin American countries have received an influx of migrants due to the political, social, and economic crisis in Venezuela. Based on two months of ethnographic research in Santiago, Chile, this research examines the Chilean government’s escalating inability to effectively process migrant visas and welcoming them to their country. In this paper, I argue that the bureaucratic collapse increases migrant uncertainty and furthers Chilean public discourse about the overwhelming nature of the current Venezuelan migration. (W-03)​​​​​​​

SCHULLER, Mark (NIU) Toward a Caribbean Epistemology of Disasters. The Caribbean was the birthplace of plantation slavery and global capitalism. This violence and dehumanization set into motion unequal exchange that still hampers the region. The Caribbean is disproportionately beset by hazards: the word “hurricane” is a transliteration of a Taino concept long before colonization. Currently, the Caribbean disproportionately pays for warming sea temperatures. Seen from the Caribbean, climate change is a continuation of the violence of slavery and displacement. Local ‘folk’ theories long disaggregated ‘hazards’ from ‘disasters,’ and community mutual aid and survival, adaptations to slavery, are precursors to ‘resilience’ – in all its contradictions – long before it became popularized. (S-71)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

SCHULZE, Savannah (Purdue U) An Anthropological Analysis of Critical Collaborative Engagement and Cultural Tourism in a Ugandan National Park. The Batwa are traditional hunter-gatherers from Uganda and self-identify as the first peoples of this region. They lost access to the Bwindi forest when they were evicted to implement conservation efforts to save endangered mountain gorillas. In efforts to mitigate this loss, alternative livelihood options designed around cultural tourism were implemented. During my fieldwork the Batwa shared with me the ways this cultural tourism scheme failed to assist them in their efforts to create sustainable livelihoods. I worked with local organizations and the Batwa to renovate this scheme. This paper explores the practice of applying critical collaborative engagement and participatory approaches to conservation projects. (W-102)​​​​​​​ 

SCHUMAN, Andrea F. (Ctr for Sci & Soc Studies) Climate Disruption, Migration and Militarization: A View from Mesoamerica. The Central American Dry Corridor has recently been in the news, with increased focus on the Northern Triangle countries. While naturally-occurring processes underlie low rainfall (ENSO), global heating has intensified the drought, leading to increased migration, among other phenomena. In 2015, the drought was deemed the worst in 30 years. The large number of migrants has provoked US responses of differing degrees of harshness since the Bush administration. Based on four years of fieldwork, this paper considers the effects of altered climatic conditions and militarization of national border regions on subsistence farmers, with emphasis on south-southeastern Mexico. (F-101)

SCHWAIN, Kristin (U Missouri) Can Historians Be Critics? Art History and Art Criticism are often considered two distinct fields: the former evaluates an artwork’s historical significance while the latter assesses its aesthetic value. However, the distinctions between the two quickly become muddled: Can only historians consider the artwork’s cultural context to interpret it? Can only critics talk about contemporary art? In this paper, I consider the roles of history and criticism in discussions of contemporary art. By attending to select examples of art writing and professional practice, I stress the historian’s public role and the critic’s social responsibility in the promotion of visual literacy. (S-45)​​​​​​​ 

SCOTT, Jason (U Colorado) Getting to Foucault: Anthropological Goals for Teaching Online Courses for Incarcerated Students. This paper discusses the development of an online “Introduction to Anthropology” course for incarcerated students housed within the Wisconsin Department of Corrections. With funds from the federal “Second Chance Pell Grant” program the WDOC has partnered with local community colleges to offer an online associates degree at eight correctional facilities. As the program’s instructor of anthropology, I designed a problem-posing course that introduced the culture concept in terms of a prisoner’s life. I ask how 80 pages of prisoner writings relating to Foucault’s concept of the carceral state elucidates a sense of self created by mass incarceration and higher education policies meant to reduce recidivism. (TH-44)​​​​​​​ 

SEARA, Tarsila (U New Haven), POLLNAC, Richard (URI), and JAKUBOWSKI, Karin (U New Haven) Impacts of Natural Disasters on Subjective Vulnerability to Climate Change: A Study of Puerto Rican Fishers’ Perceptions after Hurricanes Irma & Maria. Investigating subjective vulnerability to change can help elucidate important aspects of adaptative behavior and adaptive capacity to impacts. In this study, Puerto Rican fishers’ perceptions of the effects of climate change on their fishing activity were compared before and after two hurricanes made landfall in 2017. Results show that fishers demonstrated higher concern for climate change in general as well as for other changes attributed to climate change in the post-storm period. These changes in perception can influence fishers’ adaptative behavior and they provide opportunities for collaborative strategies to increase awareness of climate change and maximize resilience in fishing communities. (TH-11)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

SEARLES, Edmund (Bucknell U) One Group Meal at a Time: Cultural vs Individualized Citizenship in Nunavut. Indigenous cultural citizenship has always been complex. When Inuit became citizens of Canada, they had access to programs designed to make them more independent socially and economically. These programs, not surprisingly, made Inuit less dependent on traditional systems of sharing and exchange designed to benefit the group as opposed to the individual. In this paper, I examine how the people of Nunavut have responded to this contemporary model of individualized citizenship through the case study of a community food center designed to fight an epidemic of food insecurity one group meal at a time. (TH-121)​​​​​​​ 

SEIBERT, David (Borderlands Restoration Network) A Strategically Incomplete Approach to Creating Equitable Economies and Ecologies in the U.S.-Mexico Borderlands. Creating equitable and sustainable work within complex systems requires structured methods and creative, strategically incomplete responses that match the territory. In 2010, a collective experiment in networking varied organizational types emerged in southern Arizona as a restorative response to degraded economies and ecologies in the U.S.-Mexico borderlands. Through Borderlands Restoration Network, the products of fundamental organization-building work reflect the tending of basic, but degraded, ecosystem features such as hydrology, soils, and plants on habitat restoration projects. This foundation undergirds cultural identity and jurisdictional boundary process work, now on a never-complete platform of relation that encourages unique, responsive forms of participation in a regional restoration economy. (TH-13)​​​​​​​ 

SEIKEL, Tristan (UNT) Psychedelia in the United States: An Ethnographic Study of Underground Psychedelic Use. The client for this study, the Entheogenic Research, Integration, and Education (ERIE), was interested in the use of anthropological methods to examine the experiences of people who use psychedelics beyond just the clinical setting. Through collaborative discussions with the client, we decided that the central question guiding this research is to understand the various reasons why people consume psychedelic substances across the United States. Participants were recruited using stratified sampling and were given a confidential, online survey that also provided an option to arrange a semi-structured interview. (F-04)​​​​​​​ 

SEOWTEWA, Octavius (Zuni Cultural Resource Team) Talking with Springs: Zuni People Re/connect with a Sacred Spring in Canyonlands NP. Water in all of its forms, from snow and ice on mountain tops to the Colorado River, is viewed as alive and a sacred component of Creation according to all of the tribes and pueblos participating in the southeastern Utah NPS Ethnographic Overviews and Assessments. This paper discusses Cave Spring in Canyonlands NP and the recommendations by Zuni Pueblo representatives to return with elders and youth to the spring for ceremony; which includes formally cleaning and spiritually restoring the spring. Management recommendations to protect the paintings near the spring also have been shared. (F-125)​​​​​​​ 

SEPIELAK, KatarzynaWLADYKA, Dawid, and YAWORSKY, William (UTRGV) Language, Translation and Interpreting in Contemporary Field Research. The idea of anthropologists being fluent in the vernacular has become considered sine qua non in the discipline and is rarely challenged in discussions on fieldwork methodology. We surveyed U.S. based anthropologists conducting field research to describe their experiences regarding language and translation process. We found that while many anthropologists speak the vernacular, others appreciate interpreters’ input. Still, some do not recognize they actually used an interpreter during the fieldwork. We discuss practices of having team members and local officials working as courtesy interpreters and its effect on ethics, safety and validity of data collection. (W-39)​​​​​​​ 

SERNA, Lisa (UTEP) Through Practice and Performance: Transfronterizx Newcomer English Learners (NELs) Developing Social Capital through High-School Choral Music Education. How do NELs develop social capital through participating in a high school choral classroom? Social capital refers to connections that “contain intrinsic value that functions in the way… money does in the capitalist economic system” (Arriaza & Rocha, 2016, p. 60). In this paper, derived from a larger ethnographic study, I use data from observations, interviews, and artifacts to analyze how transfronterizx NELs who have experienced social and economic turmoil in Ciudad Juárez, Mexico build social capital in high school chorus in El Paso, Texas. I consider ways chorus functions as a space for developing social capital and social belonging. (W-44)​​​​​​​ 

SERRATO, Claudia (U Washington) A Taste of Decoloniality and Ancestral Memory: Indigenous Culinary Culture, Epistemology, and Foodways in Turtle Island’s Food Sovereignty and Culinary Movement. In Turtle Island today, there is a decolonial food movement that involves “decolonizing the diet.” For Indigenous Peoples, this means returning and remembering one’s ancestral gardens and cuisines. In striving for decolonization and food sovereignty, respective to one’s cultural heritage cuisines, foodways, and foodscapes, an Indigenous culinary culture has emerged. This emergence has revitalized Indigenous culinary epistemologies and foodways which provide recipes for decolonizing the colonized Indigenous taste bud and palate, while revitalizing ancestral taste memories and cuisines. By methods of “cheffing it up,” this intimate ethnographic account shares, explores, and provides a taste of Indigenous decoloniality. (TH-121)

SHATTUCK, Daniel (PIRE) Coach as Ethnographer: Enhancing Mixed-Method Implementation Studies with Participant-Observation. To address urgent community needs and design health-related interventions, applied anthropologists sometimes rely on rapid ethnography. This paper focuses on the creative use of individuals charged with supporting community change (coaches) as tools for effectively leveraging participant-observer data within mixed-method research frameworks. Drawing on three years as a researcher and coach for a study to reduce sexual and gender minority youth suicide, this paper explores the role of coaches as ethnographers in 1) serving as change agents in intervention sites, 2) grounding and triangulating data from other sources in experience, and 3) improving quality of data collection through intensive rapport-building. (T-121)​​​​​​​ 

SHAY, Kimberly (Wayne State U) The Role of “Relatedness” in Later Life: Prospective Lessons from an Older Adult Volunteer Community. Despite enduring stereotypes most older adults are aging in place and continue to develop social worlds in their communities. The sociality found in these communities often is enacted through volunteering. These volunteer groups may provide informal social support in the face of increasing impairments for members who lack geographically or socially close family. Extending Carsen’s concepts of “relatedness,” and using examples from an ongoing ethnography of an organized group of volunteers serving to support a local museum, this paper describes modes, idioms, and complexities in the experiences of enacting relatedness in this museum community. (F-128)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

SHEEHAN, Megan (CSBSJU) Migratory Push-Back: Debating Policy and Its Implications in Chile. In the last four years, an influx of Venezuelan migrants has transformed migration in Chile. While foreign-born residents represented 2.3% of the population in 2012, migrants now account for 7% of the population. This sudden growth has led to greater competition for jobs, a growing housing deficit, public concern about the ability of the nation to receive so many migrants, and recent changes to visa requirements. This article examines how migrants navigate state policies and arbitrarily-enforced bureaucratic processes in seeking access to documents, housing, healthcare, and education, and in the process become subject to state, municipal, and neoliberal governance regimes. (S-05)​​​​​​​ 

SHEEN, Linda (UTHealth) Understanding Diabetes Health Beliefs and Health Practices in Vietnamese Americans. Diabetes related complications resulting in mortality and morbidity are higher among Vietnamese Americans. A medically focused ethnography was conducted to understand personal perceptions and cultural beliefs pertaining to diabetes self-management. Data was analyzed using Spradley’s four levels of ethnographic approach. Participants were found to integrate Eastern and Western belief practices into diabetes self-management. The individual’s cultural beliefs, perception of disease, healthcare experiences, treatment and sources of diabetes information were found to affect disease management. This understanding will help the development of culturally appropriate interventions to reduce short term and long term complications of diabetes in this population. (W-128)​​​​​​​ 

SHERMAN, Rebecca (Hendrix Coll) Attitudes toward Work in Blue Zones: A Step in the Direction of Successful Aging. Blue Zones are regions known for healthy aging. Our research investigates attitudes toward work, friendship, and sleep in three Blue Zones: Loma Linda, Costa Rica, and Sardinia. I examine cultural conceptions of aging, differences in attitudes toward work between the Blue Zones and control groups, and how work may play a part in a sense of purpose in life. My paper focuses on interview data in Loma Linda and a control group in Arkansas, with reference to research in Costa Rica. We ask whether modifying attitudes about work can be applied outside of a Blue Zone to promote “successful aging.” (TH-155)​​​​​​​

SHIMAZAKI, Yuko (Waseda U) The Quality of Life for the Children in Border Areas between Thai and Cambodia. This study conducted a survey on the living environment for the children in border areas. Those children lived with regard to housing; most of them lived in a hut or a simple frame house. And concerning educational situation, some of those children have already left school, and others have never been to school before. Finally, those children had lack of access to healthcare. Based on these results from the survey, it could be said that the quality of life of the children is neglected, and it is also undermined by several social factors made up of their living environment. (F-62)​​​​​​​ 

SHIVLANI, Manoj (Marine & Coastal Rsch Corp), AGAR, Juan (NOAA Fisheries), and MATOS-CARABALLO, Daniel (Puerto Rico DNER) Conducting a Field-Based Fishery Census in Puerto Rico Following Hurricane Maria: Results Concerning Impacts and Recovery. In September 2017, the category 4 storm Hurricane Maria devastated much of Puerto Rico, including a large segment of the island’s small scale fishery. Our study, conducted from 2018-19, conducted a census of the fishing industry, determining the effects of the storm on operations, ports, and markets, and evaluating how the fishery has reorganized since then, with an emphasis on building resilience by addressing areas of coastal vulnerability. (TH-11)​​​​​​​ 

SHOKEID, Moshe (Tel Aviv U) The Destiny of Urban Peripheries: Down-town Tel Aviv’s Contested Realities. Anthropologists are not expected to predict future developments. However, the author offers a close examination of some specific elements effecting the process of urban transformation of two adjacent Tel Aviv slummy neighborhoods. It involves the encounter of a varied population: old-time Israeli residents, foreign labor, refugees/asylum seekers, and the more recent entry of young better-off Israeli dwellers. The paper includes some comparative observations conducted in a down-town Manhattan neighborhood. Our observations explore the socio-economic-architectural-political circumstances that seem to impact the present-day and the options for future urban developments. (W-07)​​​​​​​ 

SHRESTHA, Milan (ASU) Unsettled Futures of Agropastoralism in the Nepal Himalaya: Retreat Or Revitalize? Agropastoralism is an important adaptation measure for high mountains (Rhoades 1997). This presentation highlights an interdisciplinary study of a rapidly disappearing transhumance system in the Himalaya, which exemplifies a dilemma faced by mountain communities around the world. Should agropastoralism be retreated in favor of other livelihoods or be revitalized as part of cultural renewal process and a sanctuary of sustainable land use that prevents overgrazing, creates ecological corridors, and maintains both plant and animal genetic diversity? Lessons of agropastoralism can be valuable for mountain communities facing unsettled futures, especially their climate change adaptation and food security in extreme climatic conditions. (W-36)​​​​​​​ 

SILVER, Lauren (Rutgers U-Camden) Queering Reproductive Justice and Ethnographic Longing. This paper engages queer feminism and the imperative of remaining unsettled in desire for something not yet here. I began writing this piece to uncover and explore the babies who were key players in my social work and research with young Black families in a U.S. urban child welfare system—but who too often I represented as rather flat extensions of their mothers. Through retrospective reflection, I discover how my embodiment as a survivor and identity as a member of a queer transracial family have shifted my sense of the field as well as and my place in it. (S-72)​​​​​​​ 

SIMMONS, Brianna (UCR) Revisiting Citizenship in Experiences of Kenyan Healthcare Policies. Citizenship is an economic project which reproduces the relations of extraction and everyday social understandings by assigning levels of political station in order to operationalize capitalism. Minorities, native communities, and immigrant hopefuls begin at a disadvantage. This paper discusses preliminary research on the experiences of indebted families and children under a national hospital detention policy in Nairobi and Eldoret, Kenya, to understand how it is critical in stabilizing the economy of healthcare. Toward the practice of anthropology, I want to gesture to the ways in which we self-assign commitments and critically propose suggestions for collaboration. (TH-152)​​​​​​​ 

SIMMS, Jessica (State of LA) Isle de Jean Charles: Community-Scale Climate Migration. Socio-natural disasters are triggering dramatic landscape shifts, including land loss, livelihood losses, and breakdowns of social networks, prompting Louisiana residents to migrate inland as a form of climate adaptation. On Isle de Jean Charles, a rapidly shrinking island in remote Louisiana, remaining residents are at the forefront of this climate-migration nexus. In 2016, HUD awarded Louisiana $48.3 million to plan a scalable and economically viable community resettlement. Residents and the state are working together facilitating a structured and voluntary retreat that’s inclusive, thoughtful and equitable while navigating multi-faceted complexities. This paper focuses on migration as adaptation and the precariousness of place, both biophysically and culturally. (TH-95)​​​​​​​ 

SIMONELLI, Jeanne (Wottsamotta U) From State’s Rights to No Rights: The Constitution Pipeline Odyssey. In 2012, with fracking still a reality in NYS, Williams Energy began holding community meetings in NYs southern tier. Designed to sell a company financed Environmental Impact Statement to people whose land and lifestyle was threatened, it marked the start of an eight year journey to and through State’s Rights. How did local and national groups fight what became the first pipeline battle to be both won and lost? How did the Trump regime and retroactively applied court decisions fit in? How did four FERC appointees overturn every legal ruling between 2016 and 2019? What does this mean for landowners, the gas industry and the export of natural gas? (TH-36)

SINGTO, Sayamon (UGA) Acculturation and Academic Success among First and Second Generation Immigrant Students in Higher Education. This paper explores the connection between acculturation and educational attainment among first- and second-generation immigrant students in higher education. In particular, I examine the ways in which students draw upon cultural and social capital (e.g., languages, family cultural resources, schooling and life experiences, sociocultural networks, among others) to adapt to U.S. society and achieve their educational goals. However, this work recognizes acculturation as a dynamic process. By exploring the tensions that emerge as students attempt to balance adaptation to the U.S. and retention of their families’ original cultural traditions, acculturative stress may impact their academic success and require creative coping behaviors. (S-14)​​​​​​​ 

SITTLER, Christopher E. (U Arizona) Remembering Protected Places: Indigenizing Park Narratives through Puebloan Oral Histories. Oral histories contribute to the vitality of practical and spiritual connections to place. Despite challenges by western development and land tenure, Puebloan people have maintained a strong connection to their ancestral lands in Southeast Utah. As collaborators in ethnographic research projects with the National Park Service Southeast Utah Group, Indigenous leaders have pursued and enriched their enduring connections with ancestral places. This paper analyzes how the federal status of “protected” lands contrast with Indigenous epistemologies of landholding, and how government-to-government consultation strengthens the authority of oral narratives and publicly recognizes the link between these ancestral lands and living peoples today. (F-125)​​​​​​​ 

SKAHAN, Mariann (UNM) Restoring Dignity to Language Translations of the Jicarilla Apache of New Mexico: The Retranslations of Pliny Earle Goddard Texts. This presentation will share community-based efforts to re-transcribe and translate Jicarilla Apache texts gathered in the 1930s by Pliny Goddard. These narratives contain a wealth of information about the culture, history, and traditional practices, but are inaccessible community members. A team of native-speaking Jicarilla Apache elders convene monthly to retranslate the stories. The aim is to focus on the broader meanings and socio-cultural import of Jicarilla discourse; rather than focusing primarily on the grammatical structure. Team members feel strongly that this project is a way to rebuild the strength of the community, centered on the traditional world view and spirituality. (W-42)​​​​​​​ 

SKOGGARD, Ian and EMBER, Carol R. (HRAF), FELZER, Ben (Lehigh U), PITEK, Emily (HRAF) Using Climate Data to Predict Cultural Beliefs and Behavior. Climate change presents an existential threat impacting human societies and culture worldwide. Using global climatological data and the ethnographic record going back 100 years we test some theories on the impact of climate and climate change on cultural beliefs and practices, including supernatural beliefs and sharing behavior. Our previous research found that resource stress (natural hazards, famines, droughts) predicted both belief in supernatural involvement with weather, belief in high gods, and increase sharing behavior; but supernatural beliefs did not predict sharing. In this study we test to see if the climate data supports similar findings. (F-01)

SKOWRONEK, Russell (UTRGV) Immigrants, Farms, and Ethnic Diversity in the RGV: Discovering the Identity of Twentieth Century Edinburg, Texas. In 1900 canal and railroad building shifted the RGV away from 150 years of ranching and subsistence farming to commercial agriculture. Now, 25 years after the passage of the NAFTA in 1994, the Mexican, European, and Anglo immigrant families who pioneered this transformation are disappearing and with them these economic endeavors. For the past nine years the UTRGV CHAPS Program has conducted “salvage ethnohistories” of some of the last of these original immigrant families, their lands, and their legacy. Our research reveals a more nuanced view than what is depicted in the national discourse over immigration on the border. (T-125)​​​​​​​ 

SKRZYPEK, Emilka (U St Andrews) The Time of the Mine: Progress, Development, and Stakeholder Expectations at an Undeveloped Copper and Gold Project. This paper follows multiple histories of the Frieda River Project in Papua New Guinea to tell the story of a mine that is already happening, but has not yet revealed itself. It contrasts the linear conception of time and progress adopted by the mining company and the PNG government, with local temporalities and ideas about effecting and affecting change. The paper argues that, despite the lack of mining infrastructure and industrial extraction activities in the area to date, the Frieda River Mine has already show effect, and discusses ways in which local communities tried to manage its impacts. (TH-36)​​​​​​​ 

SMITH-MORRIS, Carolyn (SMU) The Slow Panic - Leverage Points for Decolonizing Healthcare. A well-known paradox of modern healthcare is that the earlier a disease is diagnosed, the more difficult it may be to provoke a vigorous and committed response to the diagnosis. Corresponding to a diagnosis of asymptomatic diabetes, common emotional reactions include shock, fear, and depression. Surprising, however, is how often after such a “shocking” diagnosis neither clinicians nor patients leap to alarmed and urgent action. I report from a qualitative study among Native American patients in an urban health center on the paradoxical “slow panic” of diabetes diagnosis, and underscore the inherent contradictions of contemporary diabetes care. (S-01)​​​​​​​ 

SNELL-ROOD, Claire (UC Berkeley) Negotiating and Resisting Biomedical Efforts to De-Stigmatize Addiction. Biomedical representations of opioid use increasingly portray addiction as a brain disease and emphasize its iatrogenic origins. Such representations are deployed to de-stigmatize addiction, with the purpose of recruiting new potential treatment providers and engaging people who use drugs in treatment. Interviews with providers, advocates, and policy-makers involved in California’s efforts to expand access to medication-assisted treatment reveal distinct narratives of de-stigmatization, distinguished by their negotiation with and resistance to biomedicine. Examining the varied assumptions of these de-stigmatization narratives can enable better understanding of how they can inadvertently exclude certain groups and illuminate possibilities to make de-stigmatization more inclusive. (TH-124)

SOARES, Pedro P.M.A. and HAZEU, Marcel Theodoor (UFPA, Brazil) Planning Disasters: Urban Planning and Local Epistemologies in Belém (PA, Brazil). In the city of Belém, floods caused by the overflowing of drainage channels continue to occur even after massive investments in urban infrastructure public works. These disasters demonstrate not only the city’s failure to tame its waters, but also the inadequacy of the policies implemented in the urban Amazon. This paper presents a discussion on the conflicts between urban planning in Belém and local epistemologies, especially in regards with the relationship between nature and society. The ethnographic study reveals how inhabitants relate to hydric landscapes in their everyday life, in contrast with the solutions presented by public policies implemented so far. (F-11)

SOMMERFELD, David (UCSD) Concept Mapping as a Tool to Identify Factors Affecting American Indian Elder Health Care Utilization. American Indians experience some of the worst health disparities in the United States. To identify strategies for improving American Indian elder (AIE) health, we employed Concept Mapping methodologies with 65 AIEs and 50 affiliated stakeholders (e.g., health care providers, tribal leaders). The qualitative findings highlighted a range of factors that clustered into nine different thematic domains. Among AIEs, the quantitative results indicated that Policy, Provider Issues, and Lack of Knowledge were rated as having the most impact on AIE health; however, variations by gender and age also existed. The findings suggest intervention opportunities at the system and personal levels. (T-64)

SOTO, Gabriella (Trinity Coll) Picking Up the Pieces: Salvage Politics in Response to Border Security. Between alternately triumphalist or critical narratives about humanitarian responses to border security—to be distinguished, but not cleanly so from nation-state humanitarianism—there is a need for middle ground. My scholarly engagement with humanitarian volunteers at the U.S.-Mexico border will provide a guiding case study to think through a process that is sometimes ad hoc and messy, but perhaps best conceptualized as an act of salvage. But more than that. These volunteers act upon and materialize hope for a better future offering alternative pathways for international human rights in response to the violence of efforts to “secure the border.” (F-03)​​​​​​​ 

SPREHN, Maria (Montgomery Coll) Present Insights from Analysis of the Past: Immigration and Integration in a Hyperdiverse County. Current debates about immigration at the local level, including county, town and neighborhood, provide important information about the willingness of communities to welcome and integrate migrants. Conflicting local perspectives on integration relate to perceived differences in migrant status (e.g. asylee, refugee, stateless), racial constructs, and nationality. Using historical data, beginning in 1945, this paper addresses the trajectory of Montgomery County, a suburb of Washington, DC, toward becoming one of the most diverse in the nation. This type of local migration history will contribute to understanding the present and offer valuable insight for future planning at the local level. (S-63)​​​​​​​ 

SPREHN, Maria and CARATTINI, Amy (Montgomery Coll) Using Anthropological Methods to Impact College Student Understandings of Race & Ethnicity. This presentation explores community-college student understandings of race and ethnicity as they practiced various anthropological methods within their social circles. The methods included: interviewing, digital photography, collecting and analyzing data, producing physical and virtual exhibits, designing exhibit-viewer feedback surveys, and presenting findings. By the end of the course, students demonstrated a more complex narrative about people in their communities -a narrative that diverted from anachronous knowledge of race and ethnicity as biological realities toward one that reflected a more accurate and current understanding of race and ethnicity as social and cultural constructions. (S-35)​​​​​​​ 

STAM, Kathryn (SUNY Polytechnic) The New York Heritage Digital Photo Collection of Resettled Refugees in Utica, NY. Community participation was essential to the New York Heritage project that archived a collection of photos of resettled refugees, (many of them selfies) and their new lives in upstate New York. This paper highlights some of the images in this unique archive, especially those that reveal evidence of cultural maintenance and change in the Bhutanese-Nepali, Karen (from Burma), and Somali-Bantu ethnic groups. The presenter will request audience participation in an interactive activity related to a group of images, and together we will consider the opportunities that come with collaborative photo projects, representation of refugee images, and applied anthropological learning. (S-33)​​​​​​​ 

STANLEY, Erik (ENMU) Agricultural Development, Religious Conversion and Changing Responses to the Fungus Monilia in the Belizean Cacao Industry. This presentation explores how agrotechnical development and Protestant conversion work to change Mopan Maya relations with the natural world through a case study of the emergent fungus Monilia (Moniliophtora roreri) in the Belizean cacao (Theobroma cacao) industry. Protestant condemnation of nature spirits reconfigures the relational landscape of Mopan Kustumbre into a collection of natural resources disconnected from spiritual causes and cures for agricultural diseases. At the same time, technical development projects generate the environmental conditions that allow detrimental diseases like Monilia to become agricultural disasters, while subsequent efforts to mitigate the resultant epidemic serve as powerful vehicles for the further perpetuation of Western scientific agriculture. (F-131)​​​​​​​ 

STANLEY, Erin (Wayne State U) From Dismemberment to (Re)Membering: A Case Study of the Detroit Demolition Program. In 2014, the City of Detroit embarked upon a quest to end its complex blight problem by eradicating thousands of structures through “the largest and most transparent demolition program in the country,” (City of Detroit, n.d.). This ethnographic case study examines both dominant narratives and diverse perspectives to uncover the systemic causes of blight, contest demolitions as a solution, and envision the nonhuman actors, including the structures, as dynamic members. This paper considers what is lost and hoped for as well as how relationship to place and (re)membering are negotiated through the dismembering process of widespread residential demolitions. (W-64)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

STANLEY, Flavia (Lesley U) The Challenges and Promises of Teaching Anthropology to (Future) Social Workers. An anthropological perspective, especially regarding applied anthropology, can be invaluable for teaching undergraduate social workers. Ethnographic research offers rich opportunities for students to connect to the lived experience of people in ways that case studies or quantitative social work research do not. However, the critical perspective offered by anthropology, including how to think about and intervene in social problems, can be at odds with competency-based standards of social work education. This paper discusses the challenges and promises of using anthropology in the social work classroom, specifically around the standard that students become competent in “engaging diversity and difference in practice.” (F-135)​​​​​​​ 

​​​​​​​STAUBER, Leah (U Arizona) and MUNDT, Kirsten (UNM) Bodies of Resistance-Resilience: A Novel Approach to Traumatic Stress Intervention among Detained and Transitioning Immigrant Families at the U.S.-Mexico Border. At least 13,000 families are currently held in U.S. ICE detention or transitional facilities on/beyond the U.S.-Mexico border, with conditions of extreme stress and privation producing associated physiological outcomes of PTSD, preventable disease and death. Primary-prevention health-efficacy measures in such contexts of sustained trauma (release and family reunification) remain politically inexigent, rendering critical the timely implementation of evidence-supported “secondary-prevention” measures for short-term health and long-term PTSD risk-remediation in individual and communal bodies. This presentation presents the rationale for an intervention co-employing 1) trauma-informed contemplative practice and 2) communal somatic storytelling for cultural continuity and collective resistance-resilience among detained/transitioning immigrants. (S-03)​​​​​​​ 

STEGEBORN, Wiveca (U Tromsoe) Ethnocide: Sri Lanka’s Rainforest People. The indigenous hunter-gatherers, the Wanniyala-Aetto (“Veddas”) are dispossessed of lands, people and resources since their island in the Indian Ocean, Sri Lanka, was first taken by rice farmers from the Bay of Bengal 2500 years ago. The Wanniyala-Aetto have since been marginalized, ignored and discriminated against. There are approximately 2500 left. They are rapidly disappearing owing to relocations, diseases, and a government ban on their foraging way of life. The colonial government avoids recognising the Wanniyala-Aetto as the nation’s original inhabitants. This is about their struggle to become formally acknowledged in their country and in the forthcoming State Constitution. (F-32)​​​​​​​ 

STIGLICH, Janice (Rutgers U-Camden) Peruvian Social Movement Girls Making Space. The child-led, Movement of Working Adolescents and Children, Children of Christian Laborers (MANTHOC), has long challenged the traditional norms of what it means to be a citizen in the country of Peru. Within this structure, organized working girls from MANTHOC redefine their spaces through actively participating in public demonstrations, as well as contributing to their society by employing wellness campaigns. In this paper, I show how in standing against current conceptualizations of children’s roles in society, MANTHOCas work through what it means to be a child themselves, and open up spaces for nonmovement children in their communities. (F-63)​​​​​​​ 

STOCKER, Karen (CSU Fullerton) Applying Costa Rican Models of Activism to US Concerns. This paper addresses ways in which urban social movements led by millennials in San José, Costa Rica may be applied or adapted to US concerns. While the underlying concerns are similar to those in the US – climate crisis, abating food insecurity, gentrification, and more – the methods of these young leaders differ. This paper explores the culturally specific circumstances surrounding various modes of activism in Costa Rica while examining how these might be adapted to US spheres of engagement. In particular, the paper will focus on three case studies from six months of ethnographic research in Costa Rica. (W-02)​​​​​​​ 

STOFFLE, Brent (NOAA) In the Wake of Two Storms: An Impact Assessment of Hurricanes Irma and Maria on the St. Croix and St. Thomas Fisheries. Hurricanes are not new to the United States Virgin Islands (USVI). For generations the fishermen/residents have had to deal with various impacts related to hurricanes and the process of rebuilding. However, 2017 was especially brutal. In late Summer/early Fall of 2017 two massive hurricanes, Irma and Maria, passed over the islands causing mass destruction and disruption of services. The destruction and service loss includes, but is not limited to, loss of infrastructure and access to services, such as power and light. The economic impact affects all economic sectors, especially fishing. This paper focuses on how fishermen survived and bounced back. (F-97)

STOFFLE, Richard W. (U Arizona) Introduction: Cultural Damage and Return Challenges of Internal Relocation. Applied anthropologists are developing partnerships with federal agencies and traditional people to find new ways for them to return home. It is argued here that re/connecting traditional people with their homeland can be a sustainable and ecologically productive event. These actions require ethnographic studies to indicate what resources are to be the focus of re/connecting and how the traditional people wish to re/engage with the management agency and homeland resources. Our research indicates that there are epistemological barriers to re/connecting with homelands, which can be understood with concept of the Cant of Reconquest, which involves epistemological arguments both for and against re/connecting. (F-95)​​​​​​​ 

STOLTZ, Amanda (UCSC), MCPHERSON, MatthewJEPSON, MichaelKARNAUSKAS, MandyBLAKE, SuzanaRIOS, Adyan, and SAGARESE, Skyler (NOAA Fisheries) Resilience and Red Tide on the Florida Gulf Coast: Insights from Oral Histories. Researchers from NOAA’s SEFSC recently completed 11 months of research collecting local ecological knowledge regarding red tides through oral history and participatory mapping approaches. This included more than 50 informal interviews with commercial fishers, for-hire fishers, and dealers. Our primary research focus related to issues of adaptation. We found that the severity of the 2018 red tide event caused fishers to shift fishing locations, find alternative employment, or leave the fishing industry entirely. This presentation demonstrates that interdisciplinary studies are necessary for providing managers with strategies to increase the resilience of the fishing industry. (F-127)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

STOLZ, Suzanne (U San Diego) “You don’t have a strong teacher presence”: Rationalizing Disability Discrimination in K-12 Education. With autoethnography, I explore my experience as a new teacher, where administrators lacked understanding of disability as diversity and knowledge of legislation prohibiting disability discrimination. I use my personal story to illustrate the coded language of disability discrimination against teachers, the culture of teaching that prohibits teachers from asking for help, and the impact these barriers have on fulfilling students’ need for disabled models. As I identify these challenges, I consider how disability studies in education can positively influence policy decisions and the fair evaluation of teachers in a direction that values the diverse contributions that disabled teachers make. (S-42)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

STONECIPHER, Jessica-Jean (UFL) Anthropology in Pre-health Curriculums: A Case Study in Athens, Greece. This presentation shares approaches to integrating anthropological theory and practice into pre-health coursework and education. I use a health-focused study abroad program of 24 students in Athens, Greece during Summer 2019 as a case study for how to engage pre-health students in anthropological thinking, learning, and writing. I discuss assignments, exercises, readings, and ways of learning that can help students pursue their interest in the health professions, while benefitting from the tools that anthropology provides. (F-135)​​​​​​​ 

STOREY, AngelaVALENTINE, LauraCLEMONS, Victoria, and JOHNSON, David (U Louisville), SMITH, Allison (Metro Louisville), DECARO, Daniel and HEBERLE, Lauren (U Louisville) Policy Aspirations: Public Participation and Resilience in Louisville, KY. This paper examines a public process conducted during 2018-2019 by the municipal government of Louisville, KY, to create a plan for local resilience. We ask how community members interacted with a participatory process that intended to re-craft policy but which was not framed by obligatory regulatory outcomes. In doing so, we explore how concepts framing the process—resilience and equity—were understood and made actionable by community and Metro staff participants in meetings and resulting documents. As formal, invited participatory processes expand to include those not mandated by specific policies, how do we make sense of such spaces as politicized sites of experience? (S-05)​​​​​​​ 

STOTTS, Rhian and LOPEZ JARAMILLO, Oscar G. (ASU), KELLEY, Scott and KRAFFT, Aimee (UNR), KUBY, Michael (ASU) Predicting Hydrogen Fuel Cell Vehicle Purchases: Ethnographic Decision Tree Modeling of Purchasing Decisions in California. The transportation sector represents one of the largest contributors to greenhouse gas emissions globally, and declines in emissions in this sector have been significantly less than in other sectors. The adoption of zero-emission vehicles (ZEVs), specifically hydrogen fuel cell vehicles (HFCVs) is one strategy to reduce emissions. In order to understand the preferences and limitations of potential HFCV drivers, this paper reports on an ethnographic model of the HFCV purchasing decision. The model was derived from ethnographic interviews conducted in California with current HFCV drivers and respondents who strongly considered purchasing an HFCV but ultimately decided against purchasing. (S-06)

STREULI, Samantha (UCSD) “The mother’s instincts should be listened to”: How a Somali Refugee Population Navigates a Technology-based Vaccine-promotion Intervention. Somali refugee parents in the U.S. struggle to understand the high prevalence of autism in their communities. This has led to both targeting by anti-vaccination activists – resulting in vaccine hesitancy and measles outbreaks – as well as vaccine-promotion interventions. This paper reports on ethnography of a Somali-run nonprofit developing a virtual-reality intervention to increase vaccination rates. Additionally, community-based research with the refugee community explores how they interact with and are impacted by the intervention, with recommendations for how to co-create interventions with the community. Preliminary results suggest refugees accept interventions while simultaneously challenging them and negotiating with the nonprofit. (S-31)​​​​​​​ 

STUCKI, Larry (Emeritus) Tramways, Skywalks, and Adventure Tourism: A Brief History of Controversial Grand Canyon Proposals for Bringing Economic Prosperity to the Havasupai, Hualapai, and Navajo Nations. Although all three nations initially expressed interest in various such proposals, for reasons examined in this paper only the Navajo have not yet chosen any such pathway to economic prosperity. (W-102)​​​​​​​ 

STUDEBAKER, Jennifer (Ewing Marion Kauffman Fdn) One Foundation: Fostering CRM Engagement. Introducing change in the workplace is a challenging endeavor. New tools, new methods, and new mindsets allow organizations to grow and innovate. However, the embrace of these by organization members is the key to change’s success. This paper will explore strategies for introducing a Customer Relationship Management (CRM) system. While it will include observations from other US firms, the research presented here will be based on experience and interviews at a private foundation. The foundation setting provides unique insights as sales and client retention are not primary motivators. This paper will share successes, failures, and areas for improvement. (TH-08)

STURTZSREETHARAN, Cindi (ASU), AGOSTINI, Gina (Midwestern U), and WILLIAMS, Deborah (ASU) Considering Body Talk: What Role Do Volunteer Data Collectors Play in the Analysis of Body Talk? Citizen science projects have been criticized for engaging the lay public as mainly data collectors. Failing to engage citizen science volunteers in the analysis and interpretation phases of a research project has been a particular point of concern among advocates of citizen science. We report on a citizen sociolinguistic project on “body talk,” where over the course of eight weeks, citizen volunteers met weekly with research team members, reflecting on the data they collected, how to understand it, and its implications. We present findings to demonstrate how the process proved invaluable to the volunteers as well as the overall project. (W-95)

STUTTS, Sarah (UNT) Participatory Design of Socially Assistive Robots for Children on the Autism Spectrum. Motor skill delays are prevalent in children on the autism spectrum due to a variety of factors including decreased physical activity (PA). One effective therapy tool for autistic individuals is a Socially Assistive Robot (SAR). In this study, SAR is used as a mediating device between the researchers and the autistic individuals, with the goal of increasing engagement in PA. This design is conducted through a Participatory Design framework, allowing for direct input of autistic individuals. In partnering with the Kristin Farmer Autism Center, children with autism who have exhibited receptive language skills are engaged in qualitative co-creation of SARs. (F-04)​​​​​​​ 

SUCEC, Rosemary (NPS) National Parks and the Reinvigoration of the Civil Rights Movement: Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going. Since their inception, national parks have been portrayed as “vacant wildernesses.”  The National Park Service (NPS), for legitimate historical reasons, did not have awareness of park lands as the still vital ancestral homelands of American Indian tribes; parks were powerfully constructed as “natural” landscapes.  During and subsequent to the civil rights movement of the 1960s, authors, some indigenous, detailed specific relationships between native peoples and national parks. Concomitantly, the NPS developed policies articulating the appropriate relationship of parks with tribes.  What subsequently transpired? What are tribes asserting now about the responsibilities of national parks, and what are parks actively doing to rectify the historical context? (W-92)​​​​​​​ 

​​​​​​​SWAN, Daniel and CHUDAK, Alexandr (U Oklahoma) The Native American Church Observes a Centennial: Applied Anthropology and Peyotism. In this paper we discuss the 2018 Centennial Commemoration of the Native American Church State of Oklahoma, a multi-tribal organization dedicated to the protection of the first amendment rights of Peyotists in Oklahoma. The Sam Noble Museum, University of Oklahoma was invited by the Centennial Committee to produce an interpretive exhibition on the history of the chartering of the Native American Church in 1918. This project provides the opportunity to address the relationship between Americanist anthropology and Peyotism and posit insights into anthropological assessments of heritage commemorations. (W-02)

SWANSON, Mark (UKY) Comida Nutriva y Sana: Quito’s Urban Agriculture Program. Rapid global urbanization over the last century has led to significant changes in food systems, generally resulting in poorer quality diets based on highly processed, industrially produced foods. Through urban agriculture programs, urbanites gain agency to respond to these structural changes by producing their own nutritious and healthy foods. Quito, Ecuador’s urban agriculture program (AGRUPAR) works with individuals, communities, and organizations to promote organic agriculture for both home consumption and income generation. This ethnographic exploration of AGRUPAR from multiple stakeholder perspectives examines the dietary, health, economic and social implications of the development of urban-based alternative food production and distribution systems. (W-01)​​​​​​​ 

SWEENEY TOOKES, Jennifer (GA Southern U) and YANDLE, Tracy (Emory U) Perspectives on Climate Change in Georgia’s Fishing Communities. Scientific literature indicates that climate change and fluctuations in ocean temperature affect marine species on which fishers rely for their livelihoods (Hare et al. 2016), and fishing communities are among the millions of Americans who live on the coast and will be dramatically impacted by sea level rise and storms that are predicted to increase in frequency and severity in the future (Melillo et al. 2014, Walsh et al. 2014). Yet, among fishers in Georgia, these concepts and causes are controversial. This paper explores preliminary findings of fisher’s beliefs about changing climate and the coastal Georgia ecosystem. (F-97)​​​​​​​ 

SWYERS, Holly (Lake Forest Coll) Emerging Adulthood and the Privilege of Citizenship. The past two decades have seen the ascendance of “emerging adulthood” as a “new life stage in human development.” What is neglected in the enthusiasm for emerging adulthood are the ways in which the key elements of having an emerging phase (higher education, delayed family formation) are privileges owned by the professional middle class. Based on research conducted between 2011-2017, I contend that the increasing hegemony of the emerging adulthood paradigm operates to deny cultural citizenship to both working class populations and racial/ethnic populations who do not share professional middle-class values. (S-14)​​​​​​​ 

SYED, Haseeb (Ryerson U) The Interplay of Hegemonic Masculinity and Health Literacy over the Cardiovascular Self-Care of Pakistani Immigrant Men: An Ethnographic Case Study. South Asian Canadians are the fastest growing population and have one of the highest rates of atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease. This categorization aggregates minorities and does not account for heterogeneity, thus lacking health data specific to varying group within this population. Through an ethnographic case study, three Pakistani immigrant men were found to adjust their cultural imprints of hegemonic masculinity in combination with health literacy to embody successful cardiovascular self-care that were unique to their lived experience as Canadian immigrants. Findings indicate that their use of health literacy does not optimally coincide within the enhanced model of Canadian healthcare. (S-32)

SZOTT, Kelly (S Oregon U) Perspectives on the Moral Qualities of Methadone and Buprenorphine in the Rural Midwest. This paper examines local moral perspectives toward medication assisted treatment (MAT) in a rural context among expanding treatment options. In interviews with community members who use and do not use opiates, methadone treatment was found to be a highly criticized and morally suspicious way to address addiction, while buprenorphine treatment was a preferred and normalized approach. Both are forms of MAT, yet methadone and buprenorphine are offered in different clinical settings. Lacking moral capital, methadone treatment was equated to continued heroin use while buprenorphine treatment was perceived as a truer form of treatment due to a perceived shorter treatment duration. (TH-124)​​​​​​​ 

SZUREK, Sarah (UFL Hlth Cancer Ctr), GUTTER, Michael S. and NAVARRO, Giselle (UF/IFAS), BLAKE, Jodian (UFL Hlth Cancer Ctr), LYNCH, WendyDUNCAN, LuAnnELLIS, Sarah, and ZAMOJSKI, Kendra (UF/IFAS) Translating Research into Practice through Partnerships: Designing an Educational Intervention for Cancer Patients in Florida. “Take Control of Your Cancer Diagnosis” is the result of an active partnership among the UF Institute for Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS), County Extension, and the UF Health Cancer Center Office of Community Outreach and Engagement. This holistic online educational program is designed to guide newly diagnosed cancer patients through the health care system. Community-engaged methods informed module content, and a research component will test for appropriate strategies to alleviate financial burden within households after a cancer diagnosis. County extension personnel, as trusted agents in all of Florida’s 67 counties, play a vital role in this educational intervention. (S-31)

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