Paper Abstracts


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HAANSTAD, Eric (U Notre Dame) Future Templates and Temporal Projection in Design Anthropology. Aspirations for imagined futures feature prominently in design anthropology as a nascent field of practice and inquiry. The conceptual vibrancy of this field highlights the active creation of temporal outcomes that offer alternative lived improvements to working communities and individual lives. Beyond occupational categories of user experience, this presentation draws from theoretical models in the anthropology of temporality and design to focus on future projection as a technique and concept. It merges performances of conceptual design with active engagements of exploratory imagination. In collaborative partnerships and agentive moments, local innovators creatively intervene in a multiplicity of potential futures. (S-04) 

HALDANE, Hillary (Quinnipiac U) Anthropology and General Education: Taking Seriously the Task of Educating an Undergraduate Student Body in Critical Human Diversities. Anthropologists debate ways that we can be more relevant in policy making, in diplomatic contexts, and for activist agenda. But what about vis-à-vis the “public” itself? Over a quarter of the US population earning associate and bachelor degrees, thus our role in the general education curriculum is an area where we wield considerable influence our emphasis on critical human diversities. This paper explores the ways anthropology’s influence in and on the general education curriculum can have the broader societal impact the discipline desires. (TH-14) 

HALL-ARBER, Madeleine (MIT Sea Grant, retired) and ORLEANS, Laura (New Bedford Fishing Heritage Ctr & Museum) Workers, Homegrown and Not, in New Bedford’s Fishing Industry. Pick a moment in time since fishing overtook whaling as the sea-related industry in New Bedford, MA, and you’ll find immigrants in every aspect of the business. Waves of newcomers from the global north found work on vessels, in seafood processing plants, and support industries, often continuing family traditions from the old country. Today, immigrants tend to come from the global south, often from the mountains rather than the seacoast. Oral histories from fishermen and workers in diverse shoreside support industries reveal insights about the paths taken and changes in community arising from traditions, institutions, policy, and markets. (W-127) 

HALL-CLIFFORD, Rachel (Emory U), ROCHE, Stephanie, ARZÚ, Alejandro, HVIDT, Ashley, KLUCZYNSKI, Jonathan, KORTE, Michelle, and ZELKO, Jacob (NAPA-OT Field Sch) Short-term Surgical Missions for Health Systems Strengthening: Experiences and Perspectives of Guatemalan Providers. Essential surgical need in Guatemala is partially met through short-term surgical missions from high-income countries. Based in a Guatemalan hospital hosting surgical missions, the study team conducted 24 in-depth interviews with local providers. The perspectives of Guatemalan surgical providers indicate that simplistic models of donor-recipient power dynamics are inadequate for understanding the complexities of the role of visiting teams in global surgery. The visiting providers are themselves viewed as a renewable resource within the operations model of the hospital but not as a source of professional education. Study findings call into question the ways sustainability and capacity-building are enacted within global surgery. (F-67)​​​​​​​ 

HALLERAN, Patricia (OR State U) “If This Pipeline Tries to Come Here, They Better Be Ready for Another Standing Rock”: Indigenous and Rural Community Resistance to the Proposed Pacific Connector Gas Pipeline and Jordan Cove Export Terminal in Oregon. Despite the limited presence of fossil fuel infrastructure in Oregon, the industry is actively pursuing two highly controversial developments: The Pacific Connector Pipeline and Jordan Cove Export Terminal. The pipeline would cross 229-miles of tribal, forest, and agricultural lands before terminating on the coast where the gas will be liquefied prior to exportation. Traditional territories of Oregon and northern California tribes are threatened, and over 630 landowners would be affected by eminent domain. This presentation highlights the resistance movement made up of a diverse alliance of tribes, settler landowners, activists, and others who have been fighting the development since 2007. (S-36)​​​​​​​ 

HALLIN, Mary (UN-Omaha) Epidemic Interventions: Collaborating with the Community. The flow of information in responses to epidemics such as Ebola in West Africa and the DRC initially has tended to be one directional from the West to the local communities, rather than bi-directional knowledge exchange. The one directional flow of information marginalizes the local community and the knowledge that they can provide to an intervention. This paper examines the engagement of local communities and flow of information in recent Ebola epidemics. The potential benefits of working with the community and bi-directional knowledge exchange are explored. Collaborating with the local community may result in more effective and culturally sensitive interventions. (F-32)​​​​​​​ 

HAMM, Megan (U Pitt) Towards an Anthropologically Informed Meta-Analysis of Qualitative Medical Projects Regarding the Opioid Epidemic. As an anthropologist working as a qualitative methodologist in academic medicine, I collaborate on an array of topics originating in multiple subdisciplines, usually with little topical overlap. However, recent, urgent focus on the opioid epidemic has resulted in my collaboration on research regarding opioid use and prescribing in multiple contexts: primary care, rural health, oncology, addiction treatment, HIV, and patient engagement and storytelling. This paper considers the methodological opportunities and challenges of working on one topic in multiple contexts and with multiple primary investigators simultaneously, and how a single methodologist might produce an anthropologically-informed qualitative meta-analysis from multiple, discrete projects. (W-125)​​​​​​​ 

HANSON, Thomas (U Colorado) Ashes beyond Amazonia: Wildfire, Erasure, and the Production of Disaster in Lowland Bolivia. In the past several decades, climate change, wildfire, and land change have been growing issues in lowland Bolivia and across South America. During the 2019 fire season, millions of acres burned in Bolivia and Brazil, bringing international attention often without nuance, context, or history, to the issues of wildfire in the Amazon and the surrounding ecological zones. This paper examines the intersections and confluences of climate change, land management policy, resource regime dynamics, and politics in the production of disaster and cascading impacts after the fires in the Bolivian lowlands. (S-71)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

HAOZOUS, Emily (PIRE) Healthcare Priorities of American Indian Elders: Trust, Turnover, and Timing. American Indian elders (AIEs) served by the Indian Health Service (IHS) find themselves in the position of needing increased care as they age. We analyzed qualitative interviews with 94 AIEs in the southwest U.S. about their experiences with healthcare utilization. We found that longstanding issues with trust stemmed from high levels of turnover within the IHS, which was further impacted by long waits for appointments. We also found differences by gender, including patient preferences for same-sex providers and consequences of long waits for appointments. Future research should investigate interventions to improve trust and mitigate provider turnover for this patient population. (T-64)​​​​​​​ 

HARP-RUSHING, Kyle (UCR) Broken Commons and Common Breaks: Free and Open Research Ecosystems as Reparative Infrastructure. Mediating mundane data collection practices in real-time, as they’re created and maintained, inclusive and open knowledge infrastructures (Okune et al. 2018) can help support significant anti-patriarchal and decolonial work. Meaningful collaboration and solidarity amongst all research participants—as participant-observers—depend on continual deliberation and socio-technical maintenance and repair of “common breaks.” Open ethnography can support this reparative work. However, many precariously situated ethnographers in particular face ethical and institutional uncertainties while navigating open ethnography. This presentation ( reflexively reviews ethico-political concerns, current limitations, and best practices of open ethnography using one of several free and open source research ecosystem management platforms: (W-135)​​​​​​​

HARVEY, T.S. (Vanderbilt U) Child Separations, Cages, and Quarantines: Migration Tales from a Tarnished City on the Hill. The myth of the United States as “the shining city on the hill” has all but evaporated, become unsubstantiated as the light of human rights rises over the Southern border, revealing the impacts of US policies on vulnerable populations, Lazarus’ ‘tired, poor, and huddled masses yearning to breathe free.’ For the pathologized poor, “unsanitary subjects,” marked carriers of unimaginable diseases (smallpox, leprosy, TB), the US spares little offense, child separations, cages, and quarantines. Taking media coverage of the border crisis 2016- as its focus, this medical and linguistic analysis critically reconsiders the “suffering stranger” through the Central American migrant crisis. (W-03)

HAWVERMALE, Erica (UNT) Maintaining a Living Relationship: Facilitating Connection and Improving Morale in Military Families During the Deployment Cycle. United Through Reading is a non-profit program that helps military members make video recordings of themselves reading books for the children in their lives in order to help them stay connected to their families despite military induced separations. I conducted a program evaluation of United Through Reading that investigated the impacts of participation on military members, spouses, and children. This presentation will review two of the major themes from the findings: how use of the program helped to maintain connection within families during deployments, and how the recordings improved morale for all participants. (F-04)​​​​​​​ 

HAYASHI, Tom L. (Fielding Grad U) Mattering across Generations: A Participatory Ethnographic Evaluation and Research (PEER) of Intergenerational Mentoring Practices of LGBTQIs in San Francisco. One of the most concerning consequences of aging is social isolation. There are both cultural and functional challenges related to isolation that has a significant impact on physical and mental deterioration. This Participatory Ethnographic Evaluation and Research (PEER) uncovers the practices of 12 LGBTQ+ younger and older adults engaged in dyadic intergenerational co-mentoring practices in San Francisco. Findings of the study reveal emergence of consistent, purposeful, and meaningful interactions through commitment to reciprocal learning processes and story sharing. The co-mentoring approach improves positive self-concept of elders as valued members of the community, adding to the theory of mattering. (F-128)​​​​​​​ 

HAYDEN, Nirupama (Purdue U) Designing Successful Diversity and Inclusion Programs: An Anthropological Examination of Diversity & Inclusion (D&I) Programming for Professionals and Program-Building. As D&I programming has societal, legal and business implications, there may be negative consequences of ineffective D&I programming. Therefore, research is needed on investigating how D&I program designers determine diversity and inclusion programming in the U.S. Studying this topic anthropologically can be of value for increasing the ability of program administrators to effectively determine the needs of stakeholders - and translate these needs into successful programming for creating more diverse and inclusive workplaces. My research anthropologically examined the thought processes of the designers creating contemporary diversity and inclusion programs in organizations, primarily businesses, in the Midwestern United States. (TH-08)​​​​​​​ 

HAYES, Lauren (UC-Davis) Local Encounters with Development “Failure” in Appalachia. This paper explores economic development related to tech training in Appalachia. Projects involve interactions among policy makers, private companies, local agencies, and local people. While some have been successful, others have been locally understood as “failed.” While “failure” of development policies is often attributed to economic problems or cross-cultural misunderstanding, I take an anthropological approach in examining the narrative accounts of multiple stakeholders and various news media representations of events. I suggest that at the complicated “frayed edges of policy,” we can examine local social memory to understand how policy interactions and their breakdown are embedded in local and global power relationships. (S-05)​​​​​​​ 

HECK, Patricia (U S Sewanee) Is ‘Blut’ Thicker Than ‘Wasser’?: Post-Reunification Ethnic German Migration to East Germany and Contextual Anthropology. German 19th Century pseudoscientists supported racist tropes such as “pure” blood, and only in 2005 were German citizenship laws based, in part, on such notions, finally changed. Some Germans who reject immigrants are racists; however, the issue is more complex. Since reunification, West Germans often rejected East Germans and Ethnic Germans migrating from former Soviet Union enclaves alike. Yet Ethnic Germans are treated fairly well by East Germans. I suggest using a contextual approach when addressing such issues can improve our theoretical discussion. (F-122)​​​​​​​ 

HECKLER, Melissa (Kalahari Peoples Fund) Democracy from the Ground Up. A multi-age circle of Ju/’hoansi sit on the ground engaged in vigorous conversation. Around, among, and on them are children. Babies nurse. Toddlers climb and tumble all over the adults. Older children stay for as long as their interest holds, then run off, only to return later. The long tenure of Ju/’hoansi as an egalitarian, democratic culture, draw the curious mind to wonder and question how they have promoted and sustained their egalitarian democracy. How might childrearing practices develop voice and agency in children, from infancy to young adulthood? This paper explores the impact of childrearing practices on shaping democracy. (F-02)​​​​​​​ 

HECKMAN, Andrea (UNM) Machu Picchu Tourism and the New International Airport in Chinchero, Peru. What does progress mean for indigenous Quechua people of Chinchero? What will happen to the economy, water sources, and traditions if a new International airport is built in these rich Quechua farmlands? Nilda Callañaupa, a local indigenous woman created and manages the Center for Traditional Textiles of Cuzco to promote weaving. But other weavers in her community have become millionaires by selling land for the proposed Machu Picchu International Airport, Peru’s most famous tourist attraction. The older generation is more interested in weaving than being millionaires, but what about future generations who grow up with the Internet, tourism, and globalization? (W-12)

HEDDEN, Bethany Joy (Wayne State U) Political Theatre: Contesting and Reimagining Discourse. In 2017, a Detroit-based experimental theatre company began developing a political theatre piece that critically examined the stories written and directed by prolific Western thinkers about the Egyptian leader Cleopatra. Through ethnographic fieldwork navigating a dual role as researcher and prior performer with the company, this paper will identify and describe the experiences of seeing and creating a show from multiple perspectives, that of audience and ensemble members. By engaging in critical discourse analysis, Freire’s pedagogy of the oppressed, and Boal’s theatre of the oppressed, these perspectives, formed, reified, and contested, exemplify a case study for activist (W-122)

HENDERSON, Nicole (U Alabama) Configurations of a Cultural Model of Substance Use in Young Adults and Patients in Treatment in Brazil. A cultural model of substance misuse risk was identified among the general population in Ribeirão Preto, Brazil. This study assesses the degree to which this cultural model is employed by individuals undergoing treatment for addiction in thinking about their own experience. Unlike the general population, patients organize their thinking around a unique subgroup of factors most important to them. Risk factors were discussed and rated in pragmatic terms, with consideration given to the contexts where substance use occurs. I suggest that this unique configuration results from the intersection of the general cultural model with their personal experience as substance users. (TH-39)​​​​​​​ 

HENRIE, Kenneth and FATNASSI, Aziz (Champlain Coll) Multimodal Ethnography as Pedagogy: Developing Interculturality in General Education. In this paper I explore multimodal-ethnography as a pedagogy in liberal arts (e.g. humanities/social science), professionally focused (e.g. business/education/communication), and competency based (e.g. design-your-own-degree/interdisciplinary) general education courses. I examine how different modalities of ethnography, including digital, analog, and hybrid approaches, can be used to extend access to interculturality for a diverse set of students. Specifically, I discuss the impact of multimodal-ethnographic frameworks on diversity, equity, and inclusion as reflected in data collected from a set of class projects collected from three cohorts of students. I conclude with recommendations for adapting multimodal-ethnographic projects to a wide range of general education contexts where equitable access to collaborative, engaging, and culturally-rich coursework is important. (TH-14)​​​​​​​ 

HERCKIS, Lauren (CMU) The Good Professor: Conflict between Policies, Norms, and Evidence-Based Practices in Higher Education. This paper describes the results of mixed-methods anthropological research at the intersection of university policy, instructional practice, and campus culture. Measuring student learning gains and broadly implementing evidence-based instructional practices are increasingly common administrative goals at U.S. postsecondary institutions. Instructional strategies used by faculty are developed and maintained through practices that operate in parallel with the institutional policies that support these goals. Results from this study include uncovering misalignment between institutional policies and organizational structures, identifying novel policy levers, and describing divergent understandings of common practices. (TH-134)​​​​​​​ 

HERNANDEZ, Genesis (UTEP) Get Over It: The Psychological Strain and Long-Term Effects behind Sexual Violence. The current study will focus on the psychological effects on victims of human trafficking, sexual assault, and domestic/family violence in the borderland. Research will include articles about different situations and manipulation tactics used by perpetrators and its long-term effects. Additionally, articles on prevention and treatment for victims of human trafficking, sexual assault, and domestic/family violence will be provided. The purpose of this research will be to identify the psychological effects sex and violence has on individuals who have been victimized. The study will identify manipulations and situations utilized by perpetrators/abusers and the long-term effects on the victims of the abuse. (TH-98)​​​​​​​

HERNANDEZ, Rodrigo and MCCURDY, Sheryl (UT SPH Houston), JONES, Eric (UT SPH El Paso) Becoming Dispossessed: Structure and Meaning in Experiences of Material Loss During Hurricane Harvey. While research has considered the impact of lost material resources during disasters, scholarship has normally treated material loss as a sum valuation of damaged possessions. More in-depth analyses of the impacts flood damage have tended to treat home as the locale where more esoteric concepts like “belonging” or “ontological security” are situated. Such conceptualizations may overlook elusive instances of loss and may undermine the impact of survivors’ experiences contending with that loss. Through analysis of interviews with twenty Hurricane Harvey survivors, this analysis explicates the variety of participants’ experiences contending with dispossession and the meanings of loss within their narratives of recovery. (TH-94)​​​​​​​ 

HERRERA-ROCHA, Lidia (UTEP) Language Ideologies and Identities of Emergent Bilinguals in a Dual Language and a Transitional Bilingual Education Context: A Comparative Study. Centered on emergent bilinguals’ (EBs) voices, this comparative ethnographic study documented the ways students, teachers, and school leaders in a transitional bilingual education (TBE) program and a dual language (DL) program in a U.S.-Mexico border city appropriated, negotiated, and resisted macro-level policies. The theoretical lenses used were language ideologies (Schieffelin, Woolard, Kroskrity, 1998) and identities as multiple and in a constant state of becoming (Wagner, 2017). Findings from multiple data sources, including administrator and teacher interviews, student focus groups, artifacts, and observations, revealed EBs’ appropriation of discourses of transition (TBE) and discourses of empowerment (DL) toward their bilingual identities. (W-44)​​​​​​​ 

HILLYER, Michael (UNM) Maya Language Learning Today. The primary curricular materials and grammars used to teach the Yucatec Maya language today are largely based in materials developed 30-70 years ago that focuses on monolingual, rural contexts. In light of this, we explore a collaborative effort to create a new kind of Maya language learning course. The new course is being co-developed by foreign anthropologists and native-Maya-speaking linguists and linguistics students. Beyond merely creating practical contemporary language instruction, the collaborative course design is providing opportunities for Maya-speaking students to question and challenge a range of ideas about what it means to be and speak Maya today. (F-32)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

HINRICHSEN, Megan (Monmouth Coll) Señores Pasajeros: Creating and Contesting Citizenship through Storytelling on Ecuadorian Buses. In Ecuador’s capital city, making a precarious living via self-employment in the informal sector as street vendors is ubiquitous. Ecuadorian vendors make places for themselves on city streets, in crowded markets, and on public transportation despite laws and policies deterring their presence and actions. Citizenship, belonging, and public placemaking have become increasingly complex in contemporary Ecuador as marginalized Ecuadorian citizens, including indigenous groups, and newly arrived migrants and refugees from Colombia and Venezuela enter Quito’s streets and embark on their buses to make a living and make a place for themselves through the stories they tell. (S-43)​​​​​​​ 

HIRSCHFELD, Tassie Katherine (U Oklahoma) and HAMILTON, Sarah (U Denver) Citizenship, Complexity and Gender in the Aftermath of Collapse: Anthropological Insights on Venezuela. Over the past several years, Venezuela has undergone a dramatic economic collapse. Hyperinflation has destroyed household economies, the government has become more authoritarian, violent crime has increased, and millions of refugees have poured into neighboring countries. The economic crisis has also created a population health crisis for people remaining in Venezuela, especially for women. This paper will apply Charles Rosenberg’s notion of “biological citizenship” to explore the reconfiguration of public health and clinical care for women and other marginalized populations during this prolonged national crisis. (F-71)​​​​​​​ 

HITCHNER, Sarah (UGA), SCHELHAS, John (USFS), DWIVEDI, Puneet and GOYKE, Noah (UGA) Memories and Opportunities in Black Cultural Landscapes: Social and Legal Implications of Heirs’ Property among African American Landowners in the Southeastern United States. For many African Americans, land ownership symbolizes autonomy, community identity, and a political response to racism. However, African Americans in the southeastern United States continue to face social, economic, and legal constraints that restrict land management opportunities or lead to land loss, including lack of clear title due to heirs’ property status. Documentation of these stories is vital for effective outreach and is particularly salient as more states adopt the Uniform Partition of Heirs Property Act, which requires judges to consider evidence heirs’ property owners offer about the social, cultural, and sentimental values embodied in land. (F-13)​​​​​​​ 

HITE, Emily (UC Boulder) The Ebb and Flow of Dams: Cyclical Threats of Hydroelectricity Development. Peoples and their place-based cultures are impacted by the cyclical threat of hydroelectricity development. Historically, the momentum for hydropower development has oscillated through various degrees of intensity. Its global resurgence is currently linked to its role as a climate change solution. In Costa Rica, Térraba peoples have successfully resisted against hydropower projects that would permanently alter connections to places. Local celebrations are temporary and diminished by expected future threats of “progress” that will require action. In this paper, I discuss the dynamic local realities related to the constant ebb and flow of hydropower development projects in Térraba. (TH-06)​​​​​​​ 

HOELTING, Kristin (CO State U) and BAIR, Lucas (USGS) Improving Consideration of Cultural Benefits of Ecosystem Services in Federal Decision-Making. Federal decision-makers need tools to improve consideration of diverse cultural benefits arising from human relationships to ecosystems. In response to this need, we are developing a Cultural Benefits Knowledge Assessment Framework that: a) holds space for multiple understandings of well-being and benefit; and b) assists in identifying pathways for improved integration of cultural benefits knowledge. We demonstrate potential uses of the Framework through application to case studies of Federal environmental decision-making, including the Elwha River dam removal process in Washington State. We discuss key variables that may enable or constrain improved consideration of cultural benefits knowledge through different integration pathways. (T-98)

HOFFMAN, David (MS State U), SCHEWE, Rebecca (Syracuse U), WITT, Joseph and SHOUP, Brian (MS State U),
 FREEMAN, Matthew (Gulf of Mexico Fishery Mgmt Council) Communication, Trust and Legitimate Governance: Perspectives from the Vietnamese-American Fishing Communities of the U.S. Gulf Coast. Effective communication strategies between agencies and resource users build trust that is integrally linked to users’ perception of legitimate authority. This authority, in turn, is essential for just and effective resource management. This paper will review of the strategies used by state and federal fisheries management agencies to communicate with Vietnamese-American fisherman in Mississippi, Alabama, and Louisiana. Based on focus group interviews and 327 dockside surveys, this paper analyzes Vietnamese-American fishermen’s perceptions and preferences regarding agencies’ strategies. Ultimately, this data provides insight into communication, the formation of legitimate authority, and potential impacts upon fisheries resource management outcomes. (TH-07)​​​​​​​ 

HOLBROOK, Emily (USF) Eating in America: Easing the Transition for Resettled Refugees through an Applied Anthropological Intervention. Issues with dietary and nutritional adaptation persist for resettled refugee communities in the United States and are not prioritized by national, state, or local policy and practice. This research aimed to help mitigate problems with food assistance benefits and healthy eating issues faced by resettled refugees through an applied intervention in English as a Second Language classes. Created ESOL materials focused on healthy eating and the utilization of food assistance benefits such as SNAP and WIC were piloted in two classes of refugee ESOL students. Results of this research indicate that ESOL classes can be effective sites for intervention. (W-94)​​​​​​​ 

HOLT, Charles (TTU) Close Quarters Battle: The Habitus of the Modern-day Gunfighter. As mass shootings plague the nation, the usage of firearms has been presented as abuse or misuse of the weapons which are subsequently seen only as tools of destruction. This research evaluates firearms usage as a martial art which can help legitimize the practice, increase research and encourage responsible use of firearms. Research was conducted in a medium-sized north Texas city and required redefining martial arts. Interviews and participant observation of firearms practitioners with different levels of experience were conducted within a local police department. Information gathered is used to argue that firearms usage can be considered a martial art. (W-14)

HORAN, Holly and CHEYNEY, Melissa (U Alabama) Pregnancy and Birth in a Complex Society: Scaling-Up Doula Services for Medicaid Populations in Oregon. Existing evidence indicates that birth doulas can positively impact pregnancy, birth, and early parenting experiences and outcomes. Doulas may also be an effective strategy for promoting birth justice and ameliorating maternity care inequities. This paper describes the scaling-up of culturally- and socially-matched doula services for Medicaid priority populations in three counties in Oregon through a pilot project called The Community Doula Program. We discuss key outcomes for the program and then, through an analysis of narratives from program staff, doulas, clients, and collaborating clinicians, propose various mechanisms by which improved outcomes are being achieved. (F-98)​​​​​​​ 

HOUGH, Carrie and KAUL, Adam (Augustana Coll) A Future Doctor, Banker, and Lawyer Walk into an Anthropology Class: Anthropology, General Education, and the (Neo)Liberal Arts. This paper considers Anthropology’s position from the perspective of a small, liberal arts college within the increasingly neoliberal landscape of US higher education. While Anthropology programs struggle to recruit and retain majors, some course offerings such as Introduction to Anthropology are in high demand as key components of general education curricula. While criticizing the forces that have marginalized disciplines like Anthropology, we simultaneously argue that it is in our capacity as teachers of general education courses that anthropologists can have the biggest impact in today’s political and economic climate. (TH-44)​​​​​​​ 

HOYT, Kaleigh (USF) Bird Brains & Big Ideas. Multispecies research provides an opportunity to investigate novel forms of culture that emerge in contexts where humans and animals come together in the Anthropocene. Identifying particular pathways that underpin these connections calls for a view of culture that exists outside the scope of human-centered approaches by applying a critical lens to raptor-human relationships. A triangulation of multispecies ethnography, social psychology, and applied anthropology are well-suited for investigating multispecies entanglements by expanding the way we see ourselves and animals as embodying more-than-human culture. (TH-126)​​​​​​​ 

HSIEH, Wen-Hung (U Alabama) Taiwanese Ambiguous Body: Embodying Global Exclusion. How is Taiwan’s ambiguous national identity shaping the mundane daily practices of its citizenry? Taiwan has been constitutionally framed as China (differing from People’s Republic of China), since 1949. Despite such framing, conflicting understandings of Taiwan are left undetermined. As the PRC expands its global influence, Taiwan’s national status becomes increasingly challenged, with 13 countries cutting diplomatic ties since 2000. Consequently, global exclusion and isolation are becoming a concern of national importance that, I suspect, are transformative of Taiwanese people’s bodies. Accordingly, I argue that the citizenry embodies this global exclusion, transforming practices of daily consumption. (F-99)​​​​​​​ 

HUANG, Sarah (Purdue U) Surveilled Practice: Challenges in Applied Anthropology in Post-socialist Vietnam. As applied anthropologists engage in collaboration with research participants, there are also many challenges resulting from this practice. This paper discusses the challenges in conducting applied research working with rice farmers, local government officials, police officers, and local researchers in Vietnam’s Southern Mekong Delta. Drawing from 16 months of ethnographic research, I reflect on experiences of conducting ethnographic research under government surveillance in order to elaborate on the experience of conducting research in a post-socialist country, the challenges of navigating multiple actors engaged in agricultural production, and reflect on the practice of engaged ethics within anthropological research practice. (TH-32)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

HUNDLEY, James (Binghamton U) Birth of the Canoe Journey: Borders, Settler Colonialism, and Cultural Revitalization. This paper analyzes the thirty-plus year history of what has been labeled the Canoe Journey on the Northwest Coast of North America. There are multiple ‘origins’ of the canoe journey depending largely on which side of the Canada/US border one resides. This paper investigates the role of the Canada/US border in the development of this revitalization project to illustrate how the settler colonial state intervenes in the lives of indigenous peoples today. In so doing, it queries both how tribes are working to erase the international border and how scholars/activists can use history to better understand real-world issues. (W-132)​​​​​​​ 

HUNT, Carter (Penn State U) Environmental Anthropology of Tourism in the Galapagos Islands. Confronting anthropogenic environmental disturbance is especially urgent in treasured natural places like UNESCO’s first World Heritage Site in the Galapagos Islands. Described by Darwin as a “little world unto itself,” these islands remained free of human presence until 1535. The population has since grown to 35,000 people, with an additional 275,000 international and domestic visitors now arriving annually. In-migration and tourism-related infrastructure development are rapidly merging the islands’ natural and human history. Ethnographic work conducted as a Fulbright Scholar hosted by the Charles Darwin Foundation is shared here to demonstrate how the islands are no longer a world unto themselves. (W-132)​​​​​​​ 

HUSSAIN, Nazia (Independent) Working With/Working For: Reconciling the Role of the Consultant Anthropologist in Non-Profit Research. In applied work, there are moments throughout the research process when self-reflexivity demands critically assessing one’s role with certain stakeholders’ needs that fundamentally diverge from the community’s needs. A struggle between personal beliefs, ethics, and funding requisites may ensue. Particularly vulnerable are consultants—those contractually bound to organizations. Quickly, the line between working “with” and working “for” becomes blurred. How do we reconcile competing realities? Should we concede on research, especially as precarious professionals? What are the implications when the research population is liminal and unprotected? I present my experiences from various projects, contextualized around the posed questions, exploring the reconciliation process as a research consultant. (W-39)

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