Paper Abstracts


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CABALLERO, Grey, ALEXANDER, William L., and DAVIS, Ashley B. (UNCW) Proximities to Risk in the Cape Fear River Basin: Case Studies in Situated Perceptions and Strategies in an Environmental Justice Movement. The contamination of GenX in the Cape Fear River by the Chemours corporation has brought together many effected communities. Groups seeking justice struggle, both with the demands of activism and also with each other, to be heard and to stay relevant in the decision-making process of state, national, and local agencies. This paper explores relationships between activists in the coastal city of Wilmington and those in rural communities located up river and closer to the Chemours facility. Differences and dynamics are examined in terms of perceived risks of exposure to toxins and perceived disparities in the ability to influence solutions. (TH-156) 

CAIRNS, Maryann C.ULMER, Gordon L., and BROWN, Megan L. (Humboldt State U) Foregrounding the Human in Risk Modeling: An Ethnographic Approach to Public Health Risks in a Polluted Waterscape. The transdisciplinary MERA investigation addresses the drivers and impacts of wastewater pollution at a popular Costa Rican beach. In part, it examines how recreational behavior in polluted waters contributes to risk of illness, with the goal of informing local changes that simultaneously benefit environmental and public health. Here, we present results from over six months of structured observations of recreational activities in coastal waters often considered unsafe for swimming and describe our innovative, ethnographic approach to risk modeling, which iteratively centers human behavior. By using data from beach-goers’ lived experiences, this work generates an improved risk model that contextualizes pathogen exposure. (W-126) 

CALLAWAY, Donald (Independent) Impacts of Climate Change on Food Security in the Arctic. This paper will briefly describe the impacts to food security in a changing arctic as ice disappears, as species decline, as storm surges erode entire communities, as millions of acres burn, as the permafrost melts and the impacts of these changes on the Inupiat people. Aspects of Inupiat culture – specifically “subsistence” will be discussed as will the ethics and morals of subsistence activities – such as extensive sharing. What are the potential outcomes of this climate impacts – such as increased drinking, domestic violence, loss of status for hunters, impacts on local government and food security. (F-101) 

CAMERON, Mary (FAU) Ayurvedic Origins of Plant Conservation and Health Care Rights in Nepal. Simultaneous with modern medical expansion in Nepal’s new federal democracy, awareness of medicinal plant conservation associated with traditional healing systems like Ayurveda has greatly expanded among the public over the past decade. This paper considers two Ayurvedic sources for understanding health care rights and citizen conservation. The first is how Ayurveda conceptualizes the human as a uniquely (consciously) animated but nonetheless natural being – not ‘essentially’ different from plants – within an applied philosophy that makes healing by plants even possible. The second dimension documents the role played by Ayurvedic practitioners in reversing the unsustainable harvesting of medicinal plants. (W-121)

CAMPBELL-MONTALVO, Rebecca (UConn) Language as an Arbiter to School Resources for Latino Im/migrants in the Florida Heartland. Migrant farmworking families move between schools and locations. Understanding and improving how they are served by schools requires consideration of the often unspoken attitudes and policies enacted by educators as well as the agency and cultural knowledge mobilized by families. Data from ethnography in two central Florida elementary schools illuminates how school employees, parents, and students negotiate linguistic and racial identifications and how those identifications impact the resources to which families have access. Interdisciplinary frameworks stemming from anthropology, education, and sociology inform the applications, which provide steps to move toward equity through improved language accessibility and school resource access. (F-102) 

CAMPBELL-MONTALVO, Rebecca and SMITH, Chrystal (UConn), HUGHES-MILLER, Michelle (USF), PUCCIA, Ellen (Beta Rsch Assoc), MAYBERRY, Maralee (USF), WAO, Hesborn (UConn) LGBTQPIA+ Undergraduates’ Use of Social Networks and Identity Management to Navigate STEM Culture. STEM undergraduate academic cultures tend to be hetero- and cisnormative and can be unwelcoming of other gender identities and sexualities. Our analysis of interviews with 29 LGBTQPIA+ STEM undergraduates shows that to cope with this climate, students 1) draw upon the advice and resources they access through their social networks (comprised of peers, professors, professional society contacts, etc. who are inside and outside of STEM and inside or outside of LGBTQPIA+ associations), and 2) selectively disclose or do not disclose their gender and sexual identities to protect themselves from differential treatment from others in their STEM program. (S-43) 

CAMPBELL, Jacob (Field Museum) Public Art, Novel Solidarities, and Stewardship Redefined in Chicago’s Natural Areas. Art installations can recalibrate the public sphere of a city, with implications not only for a physical commons, but for systems of control. In Chicago, there is a history of public art condemning inequality and celebrating cultural identity. This paper will consider findings from an initiative in Chicago led by the Field Museum, Park District, and community organizations that has built connections among residents of color and a natural area through gathering space art. The discussion will examine ways this work has confronted barriers to green space access, to decision-making power and to just participation in the design and definition of nature in the city. (TH-13)

CANNON, Anneliese (Westminster Coll) From K-Pop to Haram: Being and Belonging in One After School Program. In this presentation, I discuss how a multi-site, international digital story telling project called Global StoryBridges elucidated critical issues of identity and belonging among a small group of linguistically diverse youth in an after-school program. Closely analyzing participants’ digital stories, interview data and online discussion board data elucidated participants’ extensive arrays of linguistic and cultural awareness. This cosmopolitan (Werbner, 1999) knowledge did not endow the youth with prestige or necessarily contribute to their success in school, but instead gave participants unique sets of affinities, and fascinating, if not messy perspectives on being and belonging in America. (F-102) 

CANNON, Terry (Inst of Dev Studies) Why Do Disaster Risk Reduction Institutions Ignore Culture and Risk Perception? In a thousand words of eight key policy documents on disaster reduction, a simple word search shows global actors completely ignore culture, religion, belief and perception. This is parallel to the general ignoring of problems encountered for displaced people, especially the significance of place and identity. This presentation examines the significance of culture in people’s perceptions of risk and resulting displacement. It also challenges the cultures of institutions that ignore culture and asks why they do that. The main finding is that institutions need to promote their own goals, not those of the people, and need to find ways to provide funding that largely avoids looking at problem causation. (F-131)

CANNON, Terry (Inst Dev Studies) Why Do We Talk about Community-Based Everything When There Is No Such Thing as a ‘Community?’ Almost every organization that is involved in climate change and disaster risk reduction claims that they are working ‘with the community.’ ‘Community’ is assumed as an entity that embodies the possibility of collaborative working to help reduce risk. This presentation challenges the assumptions that are embedded within this, and argues that in most cases the notion of ‘community’ is for our convenience rather than representing how the people are themselves ‘structured.’ The use of the term effectively hides the internal divisions within a location and among the people of that location. Explanations of why people are vulnerable can be ignored. (W-04)​​​​​​​

CARNEY, Megan and KRAUSE, Keegan (U Arizona) Reclaiming Community Food Systems in the Arizona-Sonora Borderlands. Spanning much of Southern Arizona and Northern Mexico, the Sonoran Desert is one of the world’s most diverse bioregions. Yet current policy configurations enacted at the local, state, and national levels continue to prioritize private interests and do not support transborder, bioregional practices essential to the “just transition.” In this paper, we will present findings from ongoing efforts to cultivate a network of collaborators in the Arizona-Sonora borderlands region who are doing citizen-ethnography and organizing across communities to mobilize for greater autonomy and control of food resources as a means to promoting environmental and economic resilience as well as overall population health and wellbeing. (TH-13)​​​​​​​ 

CAROTHERS, Courtney and BLACK, Jessica (U Alaska), DONKERSLOOT, Rachel (Coastal Cultures Rsch) Indigenizing Salmon Science and Management. This project centers Indigenous cosmologies to better understand how Alaska Native people steward salmon, the values connected to stewardship, and ideas for improving current management. Indigenous people have stewarded Alaska lands and waters for thousands of years, yet have been largely excluded from science and management. Indigenous methodologies led by Indigenous students in their communities are our building block methods. We hope to facilitate system change, so that Indigenous peoples, values, practices, and knowledge are better included in salmon science and management systems for the betterment of all peoples, as well as salmon and ecosystems on which they depend. (T-98)​​​​​​​ 

CARR, Caitlynn (USF) Embodying Applied Solutions to Gender-Based Violence (GBV) in Guatemala. Efforts to “eradicate” GBV oftentimes rely on incidence and prevalence rates drawn from macro-level reporting measures based on “expert” forms of knowledge. While these measures are useful for quantifying GBV occurrences, the mere use of numerical data does not adequately account for women’s bodily experiences with regard to suffering (sufrimiento), violence, and survivorship. I draw from four months of fieldwork conducted in Chocolá and Patzún, Guatemala in 2015 and 2018 to examine the difference between healing and eradication. I use embodiment theory to propose applied solutions for integrating indigenous voices and perspectives into intervention materials at policy and local levels. (W-05)​​​​​​​ 

CARRINGTON, Jara M. (UNT) Reconsidering Anthropological Collaborations. The study of museums in anthropology has a long and complex history. This paper will track and analyze the multiple collaborators that helped to inform, design, and conduct an ethnographic assessment of a museum exhibit, “Origins: Fossils from the Cradle of Humankind,” recently curated by The Perot Museum of Nature and Science in Dallas, Texas. In this paper, I will explore how collaborations amongst and between the academy and the museum opened new and unique avenues for anthropological pedagogy and praxis. (F-05)​​​​​​​ 

CARROLL, Clint (UC Boulder) Cherokee Relationships to Land: Reflections on a Historic Plant Gathering Agreement between Buffalo National River and the Cherokee Nation. This paper assesses a historic agreement between Buffalo National River (BNR) and the Cherokee Nation regarding the implementation of a federal rule that allows tribes to gather within national parks with which they are traditionally associated. Members of the Cherokee Medicine Keepers lent their expertise on land-based knowledge that provided the basis for such a landmark agreement. Gathering within BNR offers Cherokee people a way to continue our stewardship of plants that are impacted by climate change in eastern Oklahoma, and to reestablish our connection to the parklands as a collective source of traditional sustenance, cultural knowledge, and health. (F-95)​​​​​​​ 

CARSON, Sarah (U Penn) Republican Feminists?: Discourse Analysis at the Intersection of Women’s Leadership and Political Orientation. A discourse-centered approach to cultural analysis can indicate shared understandings and attitudes. Within social groups, certain terms or phrases may become symbolically powerful rallying points, either positively or negatively. Politically salient terms such as “feminism” and “safe space” could potentially be used in association with women leaders across the political spectrum. But these terms also have a political valence aligning them with the Democratic Party. I draw from months of ethnographic research with Republican and Democratic women’s political leadership training organizations to explore the indexicality of these politically salient terms and the intersection of political orientation and women’s leadership. (TH-94)​​​​​​​ 

CASPER, Breanne, PAJUNEN, Matthew, DAVIS-SALAZAR, Karla, and REYES, Lucio (USF) Audit, Accountability and Ethnography: A Study of Impacts of Metric-Based Performance Measures. This paper is an ethnographic account of the impacts of audit and accountability on undergraduate students at one southeastern U.S. public university. Since the late 1980s scholars have been interested in the increasingly neoliberal university landscape in which universities are putting pressure on undergraduate students and faculty to achieve metric goals set by policy makers. This paper details a year of ethnographic research at a university undergoing major changes to its structure, while also placing increasing emphasis on measurable student outcomes, which have had myriad effects on student achievement. This paper details the lived experience of these metric standards. (TH-134)​​​​​​​ 

CASTANEDA, Heide (USF) Borders of Belonging: Mixed-Status Immigrant Families in the Rio Grande Valley. Mixed-status families now constitute a primary feature of contemporary immigration experience. Based on qualitative data from 100 families in the Rio Grande Valley, this paper argues that experiences are significantly framed by place, as local context shapes pathways of incorporation. This region is an important site for understanding the lives of mixed-status families, as it is one the most heavily enforced areas in the country. Here, effects of national policies are experienced more discordantly than the interior, making it an ideal place to understand lived effects of law, challenge conceptualizations about impact, and explore terrains often not considered in design. (T-125)​​​​​​​ 

CASTRO, A. Peter (Syracuse U) A Troubled Sanctuary: The Ethiopian Highland Resettlement Controversy. The 2014 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s report on Africa warns about “maladaptation risks,” that is, policies and actions from the global, national, to local levels that undermine social and environmental conditions. While supposed local maladaptations usually receive the most attention, national- and international-driven policies and actions often generate the greatest harm. This paper examines Ethiopia’s large-scale resettlement policy during the 1980s, which, driven by an environmental crisis narrative about the highlands, moved rural people to other parts of the country, many times with disastrous results. The revival of this policies in the early 2000s is also reviewed. (W-36)​​​​​​​ 

CECALE, Courtney (UCLA) Climate Change Adaptation and the Rise of Scientistic Governance. This paper analyzes the arrival of climate change adaptation programs below the world’s largest reserve of melting tropical glaciers — the Cordillera Blanca, Peru. Emerging institutions are developing to predict endangered resources, prepare for predicted hazards, and document environmental losses through salvage data collection. I show that the scientistic methods guiding adaptation are reproducing inequalities, exposing already endangered people to greater risks through dangerous labor, and contributing to a rise in nationalist and technocratic governance predicated on expertise and exclusion. I argue that as climate change is becoming a central state concern, it is also increasingly the site of new forms of neocolonial power. (F-96)​​​​​​​ 

CERON, Alejandro (U Denver) An Interdisciplinary Ethnography Lab as a Catalyst for Student, Faculty, and Community Collaborations. Since 2017, I have had the opportunity to channel the energies and ideas of thirty faculty and students from ten different departments into the creation of the DU Ethnography Lab. We bridge the teaching and research divide by offering students and faculty opportunities to collaborate. Inspired by labs in public health and anthropology, we draw on the strengths and opportunities we have at DU. Together we do ethnographic work for engaging with diversity on campus and beyond. In this presentation, I share the DU Ethnography Lab experience so far, as well as the challenges and opportunities we see for our future. (F-45)

CERVENY, Lee K. and DERRIEN, Monika M. (USFS PNRS) Diversity, Equity, Access, and Inclusion in the Great Outdoors. Public lands managers are eager to expand outdoor opportunities, and improve the quality of outdoor experiences for underserved communities, including people of color. Previous engagement efforts have involved identifying barriers to access without deeper consideration of inclusion or safety. Our paper draws from three exploratory projects in Washington and Oregon. We collaborated with community partners to design tools that generate dialogue about engagement with nature and the outdoors. We describe the efficacy of each tool tested for various participatory settings and present insights about the importance of previously overlooked values related to outdoor recreation: communion, safety, commitment, and consistency. (F-128)

CHARNLEY, Susan (USFS) Ranchers, Beavers, and Climate Change Adaptation on Rangelands in the Western U.S. Climate change projections point to warming and drying trends on western U.S. rangelands, increasing heat stress on livestock and economic stress on ranchers. One potential adaptation strategy is beaver-related stream restoration using beavers and beaver dams to improve water availability and stream flow regulation. I report on research from six case studies that examined ranchers’ attitudes towards beavers, and the impacts of beavers and beaver dams on livestock operations. I conclude that beaver-related restoration holds promise as a climate change adaptation strategy on western rangelands, but a supportive social environment is needed; I identify central elements of that environment. (F-35)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

CHAUDHARY THARU, Buddhi RamACCIAIOLI, Gregory, and ERSKINE, William (U W Australia) Adaptation to Climate Change: Adaptive Capacity, Strategies and Barriers of the Tharu Farmers in the Western Tarai of Nepal. This paper examines farmers’ strategies for adaptation to climate change using existing livelihood-related forms of capital. We analyze livelihood endowments of the Tharu Indigenous farmers in Nepal using mixed methods that show how adaptive capacity varies with space, gender, and culture. Men and people near cities had better adaptive capacity than women and those in more rural settings. The land, education, and extension significantly affect the adaptive capacity. Small landholdings and low productivity are the two factors that conflict with the continuation of local agricultural practices. The integration of local and improved agriculture may contribute to resilient agriculture. (F-35)​​​​​​​ 

CHAWRUN, Isabella Rose (York U) “The Moral Body”: A Discussion of Ableism, Heterosexism and Nationalism. The social category of ‘disability’ is reproduced through heteronormative and bio-normative lenses, that are incorporated into, and reproduce, neoliberalism. Nation states constructed idealized images of the body politic. I will contextualize this argument through examples of forced sterilization in Alberta Canada and political discourse within Trump’s 2016 election campaign, to show that the private spheres of people’s lives are highly politicized and are sites where nationalism fosters. This paper is an intersectional perspective to disability studies, that reviews how multiple networks of power become internalized that co-constructs the social, political and historical barriers against those who are differently abled. (F-12)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

CHECKER, Melissa (CUNY) After Relocation: The Afterlife of an Environmental Justice Movement. In 2012, the low income residents of the Hyde Park in Augusta, Georgia won a long-standing battle to be relocated from their neighborhood, which was contaminated by arsenic, lead and other heavy metals. This paper tracks the five-year process of relocation, as well as its immediate aftermath. Specifically, I examine how residents’ conceptions of contamination, community and environmental justice shifted after moving into their new homes. Such research raises deeper questions about the enduring meanings of citizenship and civic action for low income African American communities. (F-34)​​​​​​​ 

CHEN, Yalong (U Penn) Digital and Divisible: A Review on the Cultural Root of Modern Digital Technologies. While digital technologies’ impact on labor has brought the attention of researchers to the very devices and infrastructures that enact the transformation (Nardi 2015), this paper shows that the transformation has pre-digital and pre-materialized precedence that plays the essential role in incubating digital technologies. By examining the relationship between “the Babbage’s Principle” and the emergence of computational devices (Babbage 2012), this paper shows the importance in understanding the digital way of thinking rooted in the industrialization and development of modern capitalism and extended into the late capitalistic present. (F-124)​​​​​​​ 

CHESTNUT, Elizabeth Akiya (Indian Pueblo Cultural Ctr, Retired) The De Anza Project: The De Anza Motor Lodge, the Zuni Connection, and the City of Albuquerque. This paper presents a nearly two decade old multiple culture group project involving, at its base, Pueblo of Zuni, the De Anza Motor Lodge (1939), a Route 66 motel built by Indian Trader C.G. Wallace (1898-1993) and its two large (4’x20’) polychrome Zuni Winter Ceremonial Shalako Murals by artist Anthony Edaakie.  The non-profit Route 66 De Anza Association, with community support, preserves the culture, art, architecture and history of the De Anza. Purchasing the site (2003) the City of Albuquerque works with NM SHPO, NPS, a series of developers, Bernalillo County, contributing to complex interplays of preservation, cultural diversity and active citizen participation. (W-72)​​​​​​​ 

CHOKSHI, Sara (NYU Med Sch) Communicating Complexity in Support of High Value Digital Health Development. Utilizing the case of a formative project to support the design of a Chinese-language patient portal at a large urban health system, this paper examines the implications of employing an anthropological perspective in a hybrid research and operations digital development project. The implications of findings regarding the lack of access to a language appropriate portal for health disparities as well as for future portal development are discussed as it relates to communicating complexity to a variety of stakeholders. (W-35)​​​​​​​ 

CHOWBAY, Ora (Fielding Grad U) Neoliberalism and Mass Incarceration. During the 20th century, the incarceration rate in the United States held steady at 110 people incarcerated per 100,000 people in the population. The incarceration rate is now 698 people incarcerated per 100,000 people in the population. In 1972, there were less than 200,000 people incarcerated in the United States. Today, there are more than 2.2 million people incarcerated and more than 7 million people under criminal justice system supervision. The sharp rise in the incarceration rate paralleled the shift in the United States from Keynesian economics to a globalized economy advanced by the principles of neoliberalism. (TH-152)​​​​​​​ 

CHUN, Boh (OR State U) Mobile Interactive Media and Performances of Masculine Citizenship in Korea. Masculine citizenship is forged by abilities to engage in paid work, however, men’s earning power decreases in neoliberal structures of late capitalism. By focusing on Korean men’s operation of live streaming video channels, I present the role of mobile interactive media in shaping worker identities and cultural citizenship of men who lack self-sufficiency. Those streamers are in their twenties and thirties, single and dependent on parents as being jobless, part-timers and mom-and-pop business helpers outside of streaming. Despite of deficits, streamer entrepreneurship enables them to role-play masculinities, to establish private lives as entrepreneurial battlegrounds and to justify current unsatisfying jobs. (F-124)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

CLARK-GINSBERG, Aaron (RAND Corp) Disaster Risk Reduction Is Not ‘Everyone’s Business’: Evidence from Three Countries. In this paper, I examine framings of disaster risk reduction (DRR) as ‘multi-stakeholder’ and ‘everyone’s business’ by using social network analysis to compare the DRR networks in three countries, Kenya, Bangladesh, and Sierra Leone. I find that many different types of stakeholders are involved reducing risk in each country, suggesting that DRR is indeed a multi-stakeholder endeavor. However, engagement is also limited in other respects: community influence is low, private sector involvement is minimal, and local governmental participation is varied. Such limitations suggest that DRR is not actually ‘everyone’s business,’ but rather the business of a select few. (W-04)​​​​​​​

CLARK, MicheleHALL, Sharon, and SHRESTHA, Milan (ASU) Perceptions of Community-Based Strategies for Invasive Plant Removal: A Case-Study in Community Forests of Chitwan, Nepal. One of the world’s worst invasive plant species, Mikania micrantha, is rapidly spreading across community forests (CFs) of Nepal. CF managers have attempted to constrain Mikania by engaging in community-based interventions carried out by CF users. While one of the community-based intervention techniques has significantly reduced the amount of Mikania, this technique is not consistently perceived by CF users as beneficial or efficient. We investigated perceptions of community-based intervention techniques across 20 CF user focus groups and five CF manager focus groups. Interviews were conducted within five CFs to determine potential barriers to bottom-up invasive plant management approaches. (W-66)

CLARK, Sherri Lawson (WFU) The Erosion of Housing: An Ethnography of Housing Instability among the Urban Poor. Low-income families move often due, mostly, to push factors (e.g., evictions, substandard conditions, safety, conflicts, etc.). Ethnographic data collection was conducted with 15 primary caregivers who were participants in a larger anti-poverty program located in Winston Salem, North Carolina. We complemented the ethnography with GIS technology creating two types of maps for participants based on historical residential mobility interviews and daily routine interviews. Findings support González de la Rocha’s poverty of resources model whereby families in poverty face a continued erosion of resources, in this case, stable housing. Solutions include a rethinking of affordable housing policy as an ecosystem issue. (W-64)​​​​​​​ 

CLAY, Patricia M., COLBURN, Lisa L., and LUCEY, Sean (NOAA Fisheries), ST. MARTIN, KevinPINSKY, MalinRADER, AlanaSELDEN, Rebecca, and YOUNG, Talia (Rutgers U) Understanding Adaptation to Climate Change: Linking Communities on Land and at Sea. Climate change is already driving significant shifts in the distributions of marine species, and related changes in fishing opportunities for fishing communities. Separately, social indicators have been created that 1) link communities on land to species caught and 2) link communities at sea (fishermen fishing together on the ocean) with the species they catch. Here I discuss a project that seeks to link these two types of communities to improve our understanding of where fish are caught as well as landed, and how these dynamics are changing as fish species and fishermen adapt to climate change. (F-97)​​​​​​​ 

CLIGGETT, Lisa (UKY) Gwembe Tonga Farmers on the Frontier: Livelihood Strategies, Political Dynamics and Land Cover Change. Rural migration has emerged as an important force in environmental change, as economic, political, and social dynamics combine with changing landscapes to constrain household livelihoods. This paper presents findings from a multi-year study of rural-to-rural migration in Southern Province, Zambia. Gwembe Tonga households, relocated in 1958 due to the construction of Kariba Dam (Zambezi River), began pioneering new lands bordering Zambia’s largest national park in the late 1970s. Migration histories and remote sensing analysis reveal how waves of migrant farmers settled progressively closer to park boundaries as political dynamics and rapid land cover change urged farming households towards new land. (F-103)​​​​​​​ 

CLOAK, Ted (Independent) Neural Images in Control of Behavior, Culture, and Cultural Evolution. My hypothesis is that cultural features, from children’s gaits to world religions, are embedded in human nervous systems as neural images (“nimages”), which act as goals for action. I attempt to show how this process works, how it evolved, and how it enables the evolution of culture.  My presentation is based on an article of the same title (<20pp., available upon request) intended for the general reader. (F-01)​​​​​​​ 

COLLINGS, Margaret (IUP) All Drains Lead to the Ocean; The Importance of Storm Drains. Storm drains have been a crucial part of roadways since they were put into practice. This being said, storm drains are still misunderstood in their ability to carry and transport pollutants. Because storm drains are filterless, whatever enters a storm drain will end up in a lager body of water. I am researching and analyzing: the beliefs, behaviors, and values relating to storm drains in Indiana; varied levels of public knowledge in relation to storm water management; and the cultural significance of recent flooding episodes as linked to issues of public health, local governance, individual stewardship, and climate vulnerability/resilience. (W-126)​​​​​​​ 

COLLUM, Kourtney (COA) From Consumers to Citizens: Teaching the Anthropology of Food in the Age of Neoliberalism. The last three decades have witnessed a proliferation of consumer-based alternative food movements. The popularity of these movements creates exciting opportunities for teaching the anthropology of food but also poses significant challenges. This paper examines these challenges through three questions: 1) how can our teaching challenge the notion that individual choice has the power to solve our most complex food systems issues, 2) how do we bring analyses of power and politics to the forefront of classroom discussions, and 3) how do we teach civic engagement in a time of heightened distrust in governments? (TH-104)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

COLOM BICKFORD, Maria Marcela and MOORE, Jillian (UNM) Approaches to Contraception Counseling with Marginalized Populations. Contraception has a violent and coercive history, which the modern reproductive justice movement seeks to remedy. Unfortunately, this movement has not yet reached the women most susceptible to contraceptive coercion, particularly those living in low and middle income countries and disadvantaged by race and ethnicity, poverty, language, and rurality. In this paper, we review literature describing contraception counseling approaches used in low and middle income countries, with particular attention to how authors describe their counseling method and measure outcomes. We then advocate further study to elucidate how in these settings, contraception may be offered in preferential and trauma informed ways. (TH-35)

CONNON, Irena Leisbet Ceridwen (U Dundee) Disabling Categorisations and Rethinking Vulnerability in Hazard Mitigation and Response. People with disabilities are often described in both research and in Disaster Risk Reduction policy as being more ‘vulnerable’ than other members of the population. However, these perceptions of vulnerability are to a large extent based on a narrow conceptualisation of vulnerability as being inherently linked to bodily impairments, rather than the emergent product of the interrelationship between a person and the socio-cultural environments that they inhabit. Through an examination of evidence derived from a study examining experiences of extreme weather in the UK, this paper argues that conceptualisations of human vulnerability in hazard mitigation and response need to be reworked. (W-04)​​​​​​​ 

COPELAND, Toni (U Alabama) Knowledge, Behavior, and Health in the Space of Culture among HIV-Positive Women in Kenya. A cultural model of managing HIV among poor women in Nairobi, Kenya has previously been described. In addition, cultural consonance was a significant predictor of health. However, even after controlling for consonance, cultural competence was also a significant predictor of health outcomes for these women. This paper further explores this relationship by examining these results in the context of the “space of culture.” Here, health outcomes, specifically, CD4 counts, perceived stress, depressive symptoms, and recent illnesses, are examined using Dressler’s measure of cultural distance that includes cultural knowledge (both shared and contested) and behaviors in the context of culture. (TH-39)​​​​​​​

COPPERSMITH, Eryn (SIUE) Deconstructing Stereotypes: Assessing the Impact of Community Engagement in a Small Town. During the summer of 2019, a group of undergraduate students and faculty engaged in a community-based participatory project in a historically black town. The students and community members collaborated to complete various small-town revitalization projects during the field school. This paper examines the impact the ethnographic field school had on the students who participated as well as the impact on the community. In addition, this paper will deconstruct locally held stereotypes of the East St. Louis region and rethink cultural citizenship and diversity through cross-cultural community engagement. (F-45)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

CORDWELL, Cailan (ASU) Mental Health and Resilience in the Undocuqueer Community. Trauma is increasingly experienced by people in transit as border militarization increases migrants’ exposure to violence and forces them into more precarious situations. This paper explores the availability of care for undocumented migrants in the United States after surviving a precarious and potentially deadly journey from their country of origin to the US. In particular, it focuses on access to care for LGBT migrants, who face stigmatization on multiple levels. Ultimately, I argue that LGBT migrants demonstrate extreme resilience and resist the mechanisms that otherwise threaten their mental well-being even in cases of limited access to traditional healthcare resources. (TH-153)​​​​​​​ 

CORRAL, Karla (UTEP) Navigating the System: Border Experiences of Domestic Violence. The purpose of this study is to bring awareness about the prevalence and identification of domestic violence (DV) nationally, in the state of Texas, and in the city of El Paso. This study aimed to inform the community about resources that are available to victims. In a study of 250 Qualitative narratives it was found that there is a gap between available resources and people’s knowledge of them. This study also utilized court observation as a methodology to understanding what victims face in courts, how court observers can act as advocates promoting stronger outcomes for domestic violence survivors. (TH-98)​​​​​​​ 

COX, Kathryn (UCI) Re-imagining the Citizen in Citizen Science: Community Air Monitoring in a Southern California Immigrant Neighborhood. With growing attention to pollution-related health disparities, citizen science has emerged as a promising tool for environmental justice. For immigrant communities disproportionately impacted by air pollution, gathering pollution data in their neighborhoods opens new opportunities for political mobilization to address environmental health concerns. This paper draws on ethnographic research about a community air monitoring project in a majority-immigrant neighborhood in Santa Ana, California. It explores how residents negotiate boundaries of community membership and imagine new forms of civic participation through the implementation of a “citizen science” project. How does the production of local environmental knowledge re-shape notions of citizenship and community belonging? (S-06)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

CRAMER, Lori and CONWAY, Flaxen (OR State U) Graying of the Fleet in Oregon: Local Voices and the Story of Resilience. This paper synthesizes nearly five years of research to better understand and enhance community resilience in the face of shifting economic, demographic, and policy changes. We focus on the critical issue of the “graying of the commercial fishing fleet,” and examine how the aging of this workforce affects the resilience of the local commercial fishing community (community of interest) and the resilience of the ports (community of place). Using a multi-method approach incorporating oral histories and secondary data, we examine how drivers of change affect the resiliency of local commercial fishing family businesses and ultimately rural coastal community resilience. (F-37)​​​​​​​​​​​​​​ 

CRANE, Hillary (Linfield Coll) Strange (Sick)Bedfellows: Medical and Religious Conflicts over Celiac Disease. For Catholic Celiacs communion wafers are toxic. Where other religious traditions allow substitute wafers made with rice or other starches, the Catholic church claims, “The essence of God is in the gluten.” This leads doctors to tell patients to avoid communion wafers as even trace amounts of gluten will make them sick. Most priests say that the wafer will not hurt Celiacs, either because the amount of gluten is too small or because the miracle of transubstantiation renders the wafer harmless. This paper examines how Catholic Celiacs understand the conflicting messages they receive from religious and medical personnel. (W-93)

CRONIN, Shannon (UNT) Evaluation of a Disaster Rebuilding Program in Kathmandu Valley, Nepal. Lumanti Support Group for Shelter is a non-profit organization dedicated to the alleviation of poverty in Nepal through the improvement of shelter conditions. In summer of 2019, I conducted a program evaluation of Lumanti’s earthquake reconstruction program, which was instituted after the 2015 earthquakes and aftershocks that rocked Nepal over a period of two months. This evaluation focused on the overall efficacy of the program and the identification of possible improvements and practices for future reconstruction efforts. In the course of this presentation, I will discuss the research and the overlying themes that developed through the course of this evaluation. (F-04)

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