Due to the COVID-19 pandemic and cancellation of the 2020 Annual Meeting some participants have chosen to publish their papers with us online. Click on the tabs below to view submissions.
Click on the link for each submission to view the paper.
(F-93) FRIDAY 1:30-3:20
Turbulent Nationalism(s) and Alienation: Patterns and Considerations
YAMADA, Toru (Meiji U) Turbulent Nationalism(s) and Alienation: Patterns and Considerations. The papers in this panel focus on alienation from policy processes. We indicate groups that are detached from policy formations either because of exclusion by power holders, or because of disregard of the processes. These case studies across the ethnological spectrum—small-scale markets in Cambodia, Japanese heritage landscapes, media analysis in the context of Trump’s obstruction, and Chinese musical galas on TV— tell us about divisiveness that often centers on affect over processual realities. We ask how anthropological research can address this separation, especially in the context of rising nationalism
YAMADA, Toru (Meiji U) Negotiating Japanese Nationalism After Achieving World Heritage Inscription. In this paper, I examine the meaning of treat in recent World Heritage nomination in Japan, and possible detachment of culture from the newly inscribed heritage properties. Along with the main theme of the heritage properties, food has also been another core component in terms of its legal aspect of the inscription process of Nagasaki’s Hidden Christian Sites. In this process, officials and residents sometimes have hard time finding the middle point because a scenic heritage landscape is often consisted of crops and fishes with high commercial values, and the local residents have consumed those in primarily limited special occasions.
WANG, Yuzhou (UCLA) Daily Patriotism: Chinese Hongge’s Aesthetics as a Mainstream Genre. The patriotic songs Hongge is a genre that conveys ideas such as national unity, belonging to socialism and the leadership’s parental image in China. It is regarded as a contemporary musical aesthetics and standard by transforming from a politics-oriented genre to daily visual-audio experiences. This research examines the lyrical contents, vocal style and performance to illustrate the process of how political imaginations and social changes have been reconciled into a musical habitus. The broad acceptance by the Chinese audience which has been maintained through continuous interactions becomes a lens to look at the fissure between ideological conventions and cultural recreations.
AKIHO, Sayaka (Meiji U) Growing Khmer Products: Food Identities and Safety in Times of Globalization. This study investigates representations of nationalism in contemporary Cambodia with a focus on production and marketing practices. Rural farmers express a sense of alienation from trade logistics and the branding of their products, as well as a suspicion of the quality of incoming products from neighboring countries. This paper explores both the changing value of crops and the transformation in agricultural production and trade among Khmer farmers after a new farming technology was introduced by a local NGO. email@example.com
YAMADA, Naomi (U Tsukuba) Alienated from the Tautology: Media Literacy in the Wake of the Mueller Report. This paper examines the circular reasoning that has been employed in the wake of the completion of the Mueller report. Supporters of President Trump are alienated from his legal defense strategy, in which his innocence is maintained without respect to his actions since he cannot be indicted. Special Counsel Robert Mueller’s report was structurally constrained, but his absence of judgment was interpreted by supporters as an absence of evidence and thus, a declaration of innocence. This paper proposes a way to conceptualize the tautology, and to teach critical approaches to media analysis.
Click on the link for each submission to view the paper.
AMPADU, Felix (U Arizona) Material Attachments: Inequality and Other Explanations for Extractive Resource Conflicts. In communities with exhaustible natural resources, extraction has become synonymous with economic and socio-environmental conflict. This paper examines how understandings of conflict and economic deprivation in extractive communities need to go beyond questions of unequal distributions of power and wealth. Beyond inequality, historical and ethnographic analyses demonstrate how local attachments to land and specific cultural knowledge of resource materials explain the resource conflict. I argue that conflict and livelihood ‘dispossession’ within local communities must be understood in ways that attend to political relations and cultural knowledge that determine the causes and effects of socio-environmental conflict. firstname.lastname@example.org
ANTENUCCI, Isabella, IDALI TORRES, Maria, and GRANBERRY, Phillip (UMass) Por Ahi Dicen: Sexual Health Promotion Campaign in a Puerto Rican Community. This study assesses Puerto Rican mother’s exposure and identification levels to the Spanish media campaign launched by Por Ahi Dicen. In-person surveys were conducted on 210 mothers residing in Springfield, Massachusetts. A subset of data from these interviews was taken and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and Stata15. Findings of this study show that mothers who regularly watched television during the campaign were more exposed to the campaign than with other media formats, and showed that mothers felt more identification with stories from the newspaper ads. These results indicate that easily accessible media sources are effective in campaigning for public health. I.email@example.com
ARCENO, Mark Anthony (OH State U) Conducting Multisensory and Multispecies Research in Alsace: Experiences from the Perspective of a Humanities and Social Sciences “Make Our Planet Great Again” Chateaubriand Fellow. In response to French President Emmanuel Macron’s “Make Our Planet Great Again” initiative (2017), the Embassy of France received additional funding to support more French-based research by U.S.-based doctoral students. This paper offers a reflection of how my work with winegrowers regarding perceptions, responses, and adaptations to landscape change has not only been supported, as a recipient of this funding, but how it has allowed me time to better understand the taste of place; global warming rhetoric; and relationships between and among human and non-human life. Here, I position this work against my experience conducting comparative research in central Ohio. firstname.lastname@example.org
BABCHUK, Wayne (UN-Lincoln), HITCHCOCK, Robert K. (UNM), BARTHOLOMEW, Theodore T. (Scripps Coll), and GUETTERMAN, Timothy C. (Creighton U) Grounded Theory Ethnography: Innovative Strategies for Conducting Community Oriented Anthropological Research. Grounded theory has become one of the most utilized qualitative research methodologies across disciplines and subject areas. Building off our work merging key aspects of grounded theory with traditional ethnographic approaches, we argue that a new hybrid design—grounded theory ethnography—holds vast potential for the conduct of applied and community oriented anthropological research. Drawing on one of the co-authors use of this approach to study mental health practitioners working among the Aawando of Northern Namibia, we provide an overview of grounded theory ethnography bolstered by practical suggestions for its use in applied and community contexts. email@example.com
BRAUSE, Holly (UNM) Beyond Two Straws, One Glass: The Politics of Sharing Groundwater across the US/Mexico Border. Surface water resources that are shared across the US/Mexico Border have long been governed through formal, legally binding agreements. There are, however, no corresponding rules for shared groundwater resources. There is very limited information about the common aquifers that both countries depend on to meet the water needs of communities in the arid borderlands region. This paper outlines the complex entanglements of politics, power, knowledge, and meanings confronted by the Transboundary Aquifer Assessment Program (TAAP) as its members collaborate across state and national borders to evaluate shared priority transboundary aquifers.
CARNEY, Megan and KRAUSE, Keegan (U Arizona) Reclaiming Community Food Systems in the Arizona-Sonora Borderlands. Spanning much of Southern Arizona and Northern Mexico, the Sonoran Desert is one of the world’s most diverse bioregions. Yet current policy configurations enacted at the local, state, and national levels continue to prioritize private interests and do not support transborder, bioregional practices essential to the “just transition.” In this paper, we will present findings from ongoing efforts to cultivate a network of collaborators in the Arizona-Sonora borderlands region who are doing citizen-ethnography and organizing across communities to mobilize for greater autonomy and control of food resources as a means to promoting environmental and economic resilience as well as overall population health and wellbeing. firstname.lastname@example.org
CHAUDHARY THARU, Buddhi Ram, ACCIAIOLI, Gregory, and ERSKINE, William (U W Australia) Adaptation to Climate Change: Adaptive Capacity, Strategies and Barriers of the Tharu Farmers in the Western Tarai of Nepal. This paper examines farmers’ strategies for adaptation to climate change using existing livelihood-related forms of capital. We analyze livelihood endowments of the Tharu Indigenous farmers in Nepal using mixed methods that show how adaptive capacity varies with space, gender, and culture. Men and people near cities had better adaptive capacity than women and those in more rural settings. The land, education, and extension significantly affect the adaptive capacity. Small landholdings and low productivity are the two factors that conflict with the continuation of local agricultural practices. The integration of local and improved agriculture may contribute to resilient agriculture. email@example.com
CLOAK, Ted (Independent) Neural Images in Control of Behavior, Culture, and Cultural Evolution. My hypothesis is that cultural features, from children’s gaits to world religions, are embedded in human nervous systems as neural images (“nimages”), which act as goals for action. I attempt to show how this process works, how it evolved, and how it enables the evolution of culture. My presentation is based on an article of the same title (<20pp., available upon request) intended for the general reader. firstname.lastname@example.org
DOUGLASS, Megan (Wayne State U) Filming on the Frontlines: Using the Lens of Decoloniality in the Production of Digital Storytelling for Political Purposes within Impacted Communities. Political organizations in the US increasingly seek to engage voters by using authentic storytellers in their digital messaging. However, given the historically fraught relationship between political actors and grassroots organizers, gaining access to community members without resorting to transactionality can pose both strategic and ethical dilemmas. Using the story of my work as a communications organizer for a large political organization in Michigan, to produce a short documentary with a citizen of SW Detroit who organizes against the Marathon Gas Refinery, this paper examines using decolonized methodologies in navigating ethics, trust-building, and accountability when working in disenfranchised and marginalized communities. email@example.com
DRYDEN, Eileen, HYDE, Justeen, BOLTON, Rendelle, DVORIN, Kelly, WU, Juliet, and BOKHOUR, Barbara (VHA, CHOIR) Navigating the Political Life of Data: Lessons from an Evaluation of Culture Change in the Veterans Health Administration. Sharing data with study participants can be ethically appropriate, a useful form of ‘member-checking,’ and engender further commitment to studies. However, anthropologists often deal in nuanced data making this practice challenging. Additionally, when the aim of data collection is to learn about implementation efforts from the field, this desire to share data can create a tension: as learning occurs, interpretations shift while data, once shared, is fixed and can have a political life of its own. This paper discusses our experience sharing data while evaluating the Veterans Administration’s efforts to transform its culture to a Whole Health System of Care. firstname.lastname@example.org
EMERSON, Christie (Kennesaw State U) and COOPER, Jennifer (Torrens U) Nurses’ Perceptions of Medication Errors and Error Reporting in a Culturally Diverse Nursing Setting: Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates. The purpose of this study was to identify nurses’ perceptions of the causes of medication errors, and to identify nurses’ views regarding reporting of medication errors, in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, where the nursing workforce relies largely on culturally diverse expatriate nurses. Registered nurses involved in direct patient care on medical, oncology, and hematology units of a large public teaching hospital in Abu Dhabi, were invited to complete a survey regarding medication errors. Knowledge gained from this study may inform decisions about medication administration and error reporting procedures, especially in culturally diverse nursing settings. email@example.com
GEYMAN, Zoe (WUSTL) Cyborg Citizen: A Transnational View of Cyborg Biopolitics. In this paper, I frame nations as cyborg bodies subject to the biopolitical control of international governance organizations. Based on my research into India’s Aadhaar digital identification system, I offer a picture of a nation that, in its primary relationship to its citizens through digital management of their biometric data, has become cyborg. Given that a nation’s global standing is a product of soft-power negotiations and formalized development rankings, these development rankings become vectors of cyborg biopolitical control. This framing of cyborg biopolitics can help us better understand the changing relationships between national governments, global powers, and individual citizens. firstname.lastname@example.org
GILBERT, Autumn (Openfieldx) Anthropology in the Digital Landscape. With growing reliance on the digital landscape, there is a need for anthropology to play a role in digital development. The process of design and development begins with considering the people that will use the product, including immigrants and people with disabilities. Employing an anthropological lens can better illuminate potential users’ culturally-based needs and behaviours, thus aiding developers in better designing for a wider range of participants in the digital world. Advances in technology are bringing together people from different cultural groups, and there is an urgent need for the application of anthropologically-gleaned cultural knowledge to aid in that process. email@example.com
GOLDBERG, Anne and PESZKA, Jennifer (Hendrix Coll) Eight Hours for Work, Eight Hours for Rest, Eight Hours for What We Will: Psychological and Anthropological Investigations in the Blue Zones. Expanding on investigations of “Blue Zones,” parts of the world where people seem to live longer and healthier lives than average, we collected data on sleep, friendships, attitudes towards work, and microbiome samples. To date, we have worked in Loma Linda, California and the central Nicoya peninsula in Costa Rica, with control participants in Arkansas and the coast of Guanacaste. Working with undergraduates, we utilized a mixed methods approach to studying aging. We discuss our methodological considerations and early findings gained by this cross-cultural perspective. We are collaborating with local groups to recommend appropriate behavior modifications based on our research. firstname.lastname@example.org
GUARNACCIA, Peter (Rutgers U) The Balancing Act of Speaking Multiple Languages among Immigrant Students at a Public University. Rutgers is home to a wide range of immigrant students from around the world, who are frequently bilingual and often multilingual. Immigrant families think a lot about how to pass family languages on to their children and have developed various strategies for helping children maintain family languages and learn English. In this paper, I will review the findings about language learning and use from my study of immigrant students at Rutgers. I will also examine the politics of language use in the U.S. and in other countries where students lived prior to migration to the U.S. email@example.com
KLUGH, Elgin (Coppin State U) Placemaking and the Politics of Memory at Baltimore’s Historic Laurel Cemetery. Laurel Cemetery, a nondenominational cemetery for African Americans of the City of Baltimore, was incorporated in 1852 and condemned in 1957. Today, this once sacred site is the location of a well-known shopping center. This paper discusses the work of the Laurel Cemetery Memorial Task Force and its efforts to erect a permanent memorial in recognition of the thousands of African Americans interred at Historic Laurel Cemetery, to ensure the safety and stability of the site into the foreseeable future, and to educate the public about the rich history of the cemetery and the lives of those buried there.
LINCOLN, Martha (SFSU) The Value of Illness: Affective Economies in Crowdfunding for Cancer. Crowdfunding for medical expenses is an increasingly common strategy pursued by patients facing costly cancer diagnoses. This process requires that individuals represent themselves as the deserving subjects of a moral community, managing not only their presentation of self but also the affective valence of their illness narratives. I argue that this form of “alternative finance” threatens to inscribe increasingly subtle forms of inequity and exclusion. Ethnographic data from interviews with cancer patients suggest how variation in cultural capital, online networks, and the ability to personify legitimate suffering creates inequity in access to both financial resources and critically necessary medical care.
LUBIT, Amanda (Queen’s U Belfast) The Politics of (In)Visibility in the Everyday Movements of Muslim Women in Sectarian Belfast. Through walking ethnography, I examine the ways Muslim women in Belfast employ walking as a political act. By engaging in and avoiding certain forms of walking, as individuals or groups, women make themselves visible and invisible. Visibility is of particular relevance to Muslim women who are disproportionately targets of Islamophobia due to clothing that marks them as Muslim. Islamophobia has become a serious issue here, corresponding with growth in the Muslim population. Newly arrived refugees and asylum seekers are often unaware of the complex local context, with sectarianism structuring lives and public spaces despite 20 years of peace. firstname.lastname@example.org
MACEYKO, Melissa (CSULB) Building Sociality through Embodied Interaction: Designing and Implementing a Multiethnic Youth Summer Camp in Rural Bulgaria. This paper uses ethnographic and linguistic data to assess the design and enactment of a multiethnic youth summer camp in rural north-central Bulgaria in 2019, a camp which sought to use team-based sports and physical problem-solving activities to facilitate building positive relationships between differently positioned Bulgarian youth, including those who identify as Roma. Drawing from existing literature on embodied communication within team sports (e.g. Streek 2018) and the negotiation of rules and relationships through interactions during play (e.g. M. Goodwin 2006), I consider the value of this aspect of camp-design for better understanding (mis)communication and fostering more expansive forms of sociality. Melissa.Maceyko@csulb.edu
MOHAMMED, Sarah (U Saskatchewan) Stories of Separation: A Socio-Narratological Literature Review of Immigrant Family Separation. In 2018, President Trump’s Zero-Tolerance immigration policy sparked the separation of immigrant families at the US border. There is a long history of immigrant families being separated by the government and a short history of social scientists studying the phenomenon. This paper reviews the literature on immigrant family separation using a socio-narratology approach. It asks how research meaningfully constructs stories about immigrant families, how characters are portrayed, and the implications of researchers’ approach for psychological health. The paper concludes with dialogical interpretive possibilities to better represent participants’ experiences of forced family separation in the face of renewed systemic government oppression. email@example.com
MORERA, Maria (UFL), TOVAR-AGUILAR, J. Antonio (Farmworker Assoc FL), MONAGHAN, Paul F. (UFL), and ROKA, Fritz M. (FGCU) Resisting Heat-Related Illness in a Changing Florida Climate. While all heat-related illnesses (HRI) and deaths are preventable, farmworkers—the majority of whom are immigrants and foreign nationals—face socioeconomic constraints that compromise their access to safety information and implementation of protective strategies. Through focus group research, this study sought to gain an in-depth perspective of the safety climate that influences farmworkers’ response to heat hazards in Florida’s citrus groves. Results indicated farmworkers viewed HRI symptoms as part of agricultural work and lacked the security needed to adopt prevention measures. Differences in perceptions and attitudes, however, emerged between domestic and temporary workers. Findings suggest employer-employee relations mediate the production pressures that shape workplace compliance and safety. firstname.lastname@example.org
PEREGRINE, Peter Neal (Lawrence U) Social Capital and Social Resilience: Different Approaches for Different Disasters. A cross-cultural analysis archaeologically-known societies demonstrated that societies with a corporate governance structure are more resilient to catastrophic climate-related disasters. In contrast, the same analyses did not support research in psychology indicating that societies with tighter social norms and greater enforcement of those norms are more resilient. This paper argues that both provide social resilience, but do so only in specific disaster contexts. It is argued that corporate governance fosters resilience to rare but catastrophic climate-related disasters, while tighter social norms foster resilience where disasters are more common and only locally destructive. email@example.com
STUCKI, Larry (Emeritus) Tramways, Skywalks, and Adventure Tourism: A Brief History of Controversial Grand Canyon Proposals for Bringing Economic Prosperity to the Havasupai, Hualapai, and Navajo Nations. Although all three nations initially expressed interest in various such proposals, for reasons examined in this paper only the Navajo have not yet chosen any such pathway to economic prosperity. firstname.lastname@example.org
SZOTT, Kelly (S Oregon U) Perspectives on the Moral Qualities of Methadone and Buprenorphine in the Rural Midwest. This paper examines local moral perspectives toward medication assisted treatment (MAT) in a rural context among expanding treatment options. In interviews with community members who use and do not use opiates, methadone treatment was found to be a highly criticized and morally suspicious way to address addiction, while buprenorphine treatment was a preferred and normalized approach. Both are forms of MAT, yet methadone and buprenorphine are offered in different clinical settings. Lacking moral capital, methadone treatment was equated to continued heroin use while buprenorphine treatment was perceived as a truer form of treatment due to a perceived shorter treatment duration. email@example.com
THIANTHAI, Chulanee (Chulalongkorn U) When Young Thai Digital Natives Talk about Their Online Citizenship and Cyberhate Experiences. Globalization and the rise of digital natives have created a new opportunity for anthropologists to investigate how youth experience cultural citizenship online. Cyberhate - namely discrimination and ethnic slurs - are the fastest growing negative effects on young Thai digital natives. This research aims to capture young Thai digital natives’ cyberhate experiences on social media and to understand cyberhate themes found to be relevant to their youth years. One hundred Bangkok high school students, from ten public schools, aged 13-18, participated. Through surveys and in-depth interviews, Thai digital natives revealed that cyberhate themes often emerge from not accepting people’s diversity and rights. Chulanee00@hotmail.com
VEGA, Rosalynn (UTRGV) Bacteria R Us?: How Mitochondrial DNA Transforms Kinship. This paper, based on 14 months of digital and traditional ethnographic research among hundreds of functional medicine practitioners, explores how our shifting relationship with mitochondria is transforming understandings of genetic inheritance, and therefore, kinship. When sperm and egg meet to form a zygote, a third set of DNA is present—mitochondrial DNA. Recent advances in mitochondrial medicine have revealed that these structures are less human than bacterial, thus revolutionizing the notion of genetic inheritance as solely derived from one’s mother and father. Understanding our microbial inheritance paves the way for three-party IVF procedures using mitochondrial donors to cure all future generations of mitochondrial disease. Rosalynn.Vega@gmail.com
VOGEL, Kristen (USF) An Afrocentric Women’s Empowerment: Listening to Ghana’s Matriarchs. The adoption of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals in 2016 solidified a new international movement for women’s empowerment. This movement, however, rests on a western framework with a heavy economic focus. Non-western women may be disempowered by socio-cultural-political responses to this western framework. Research indicates that western frameworks for ideologies of feminism, politics, development, and the institutionalization of knowledge are inapplicable to African women, especially within traditionally matriarchal communities, to which they are frequently appropriated. Ethnographic research into the socio-cultural-political aspects of an Afrocentric women’s empowerment will help to build a new culturally relevant framework with global implications. firstname.lastname@example.org
WILLOW, Anna (OH State U) Contested Futures: Time, Extraction, and (Hydro)Power. (Powerpoint) This paper explores how visions of the future shape diverse responses to resource extraction projects. I consider three different reactions to northeastern British Columbia’s controversial Site C Dam to suggest that individuals’ relationships with the future—and, more precisely, their interpretations of themselves as temporal actors—play important roles in disputes surrounding resource extraction and, ultimately, in the culturally constituted (but materially manifested) process of creating the socionatural worlds of tomorrow. Incompatible imaginings of what the future should bring ensure that debates about extraction and land management are profound contests over who has the power to convert vision into reality. email@example.com
WUNROW, Christine (U Memphis) Birthing a New Museum: The Pink Palace Museum’s Collaborative Journey to Share Power and Cultivate Inclusivity. During summer 2019, I examined the Memphis Pink Palace Museum’s (PPM) use of collaboration to cultivate inclusive, community curation. In this paper, I will discuss the collaboration process and argue that the relationships built through collaboration and the final exhibition demonstrate how collaboration can remake power structures and dismantle hegemonic representations. My analysis uses Tony Bennett’s conceptualization of museums’ hegemonic power to understand PPM’s authoritative position, and Raymond Silverman’s exploration of collaboration to frame PPM’s actions and goals. I conclude that this demonstrates collaboration’s success in making an inclusive museum that shares power at every stage with its diverse communities. firstname.lastname@example.org
ZAROFF, Zoe (GVSU) and PENADOS, Filiberto (U Toronto) Growing Heritage: The Home Gardens of San Jose Succotz. San Jose Succotz is a village of Maya heritage located in western Belize. Like other Maya villages, Succotzeños have a tradition of maintaining forest gardens, or gardens filled with trees of varying heights and few cleared spaces. Historically, these gardens were used to supplement diets, provide medicine, and supply firewood and carpentry wood. Using ethnographic data collected on modern gardens during summer 2019, this paper argues that while garden function and layout may be changing due to economic pressures, home gardens continue serve as places of cultural heritage retention and as points of connection to Maya identities. email@example.com
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ADAMS, Tanisha (WVU) Undergraduate Anthropology as White Academic Space?: Perceptions and Experiences of Minority Anthropology Students at West Virginia University. In 2011 the AAA Commission on Race and Racism in Anthropology (CRRA) conducted a survey to examine the experiences and status of minorities within the field of anthropology. The survey focused on the graduate students and those in academic positions. The results of this survey demonstrate racial and ethnic marginalization within the field of anthropology. What the CRRA study does not include is the undergraduate experience. This ethnographic study explores the experiences and status of undergraduate students in anthropology (and related fields) at West Virginia University using an interview script adapted from the CRRA survey questions.
BARONE, T. Lynne (U Nebraska), HAY, William H. (U Nebraska Med Ctr), AMMONS, Samantha K. (UN-Omaha), MCGUIRE, Joseph (U Alabama), HUGHES, Craig G., HUYNH, Bao Tram Ngoc, BROWN, Angela, ALEXANDER, Alana, THOMPSON, Breanna, GRAY, Elyssa, POWELL, Mary Ann, and IRWIN, Jay (UN-Omaha) Inside Out: Space and Hierarchy in an Interprofessional Student-Run Free Clinic. Interprofessional education (IPE) has changed health professions’ school curricula, as understanding, respecting, and utilizing health professions expertise is essential in providing the best patient care in the twenty-first century. We report on an ethnographic project evaluating interprofessional learning and interaction among medical and pharmacy students in a student-run free clinic. Analysis of tone and content reveal that interprofessional collaborative interaction manifests differently according to the formality of the space. Formal spaces conjure and reify hierarchical professional boundaries. While in informal transitory spaces, professional role expectations are muted, and a different and useful form of collaboration emerges (but may be unacknowledged). firstname.lastname@example.org
BUCHMAN, Talia, DILLON, Daniel D., and DONALDSON, Susanna (WVU), MORRIS, Ann M. (WVU Cancer Inst) Cultural Knowledge and Perception of Cancer and Cancer Healthcare among a College-going/College-educated Population in North Central West Virginia. West Virginians experience suboptimal health outcomes, including above average cancer rates. Previous studies suggest that cultural factors may explain this phenomenon in low-income, uneducated populations. Few studies, however, have examined cancer health literacy among college-going/college-educated populations in West Virginia or the Appalachian region. This study builds upon previous research to evaluate pile sorting as a methodology for studying the cultural knowledge and perceptions of cancer and cancer healthcare among both college-going/college-educated and rural, low-income populations in north central West Virginia.
CHOWDHURY, Nusaiba (SMU) Idioms of Distress among Muslim Refugees: An Ethnographically-Informed Literature Review. Existing anthropological work suggests that health practitioners typically misunderstand what Muslim refugees are trying to communicate about mental health concerns and needs. This poster presents data from two sources. First, I review the anthropological literature about “idioms of distress,” or “adaptive responses or attempts to resolve a pathological situation in a culturally meaningful way,” (Nichter, 1981) among Muslim Iraqi, Afghan, and Syrian refugees. I also reflect on my own preliminary experiences of working with Muslim refugees in Cleveland, Ohio over five years, including six months of data collection during a project surrounding refugee needs regarding mental health care and treatment. email@example.com
CONNELLY, Alicia and MURPHY, Arthur (UNCG), JONES, Eric C. (UTH TMC) Social Media and Political Mobilization: The ABC Day Care Fire in Hermosillo, Mexico. On June 5, 2009, a fire in the ABC daycare center in Hermosillo, Sonora, left 49 children dead and 40 hospitalized. This paper examines the crucial role social media, including Facebook and Twitter, played in initiating and executing political mobilization, organizing events, articulating feelings, placing blame, and discussing strategies to achieve justice. Several identifiable groups have emerged on social media. Through content analysis, this poster identifies the factors that distinguish the groups. These results build on our past social network analysis of how parents of injured vs. deceased parents created new webs of relations after the fire. firstname.lastname@example.org
FOLDVARY, Alexis (U Puget Sound) Imagined Chinatowns: Western Versus Asian Perceptions and Experiences of Chinatown. While Asians have, largely, assimilated and are seen as the “model minority,” there are significant aspects which Westerners are unaware of. This research focuses on the Chinese experience, utilizing first-hand observations of Seattle’s and Amsterdam’s Chinatowns and published literature to explore different construals of Chinatown. Westerners see and operate, largely, within a highly simplified, Western imagined Chinatown which fails to acknowledge the substantial diversity in the Asian population. Asians, however, construe Chinatown as a place of comfort, familiarity, and belonging. Asians have a unique advantage in which they experience and operate within both the Asian and Western imagined Chinatown.
HENSLEY, Samantha (WVU) Cultural Perceptions of Child and Adolescent Farm Labor: An Appalachian Case-Study. This study examines child and adolescent labor in agriculture and its effects on the perceptions of farm work among members of farm families. Much of the anthropological literature on child and adolescent farm labor in the United States focuses on (im)migrant populations. What is less understood is the perception of white, farm owner/operators. The purpose of this research is to explore cultural perceptions of agricultural work learned through the experience of working on the family farm during childhood. This research explores perceptions through ethnographic interview and examines the cultural distinction between farm labor and farm chores using free-listing and pile-sorting.
KANUGULA, Samanvi, MBULLO, Patrick, YEAM, Julia, SINGH, Revika, MILLER, Josh, OTIENO, Phelgona, OLACK, Beatrice, BUTLER, Lisa, COHEN, Craig, and YOUNG, Sera (Northwestern U Young Rsch Group) Household Water Insecurity Diminishes Social Capital Gain among Women in Western Kenya. Household water insecurity (WI) has been shown to negatively influence household economic wellbeing. However, its impact on social capital (SC), i.e. the presence of social networks and the ability to build relationships with others, is not well known. Therefore, we investigated the impact of household WI on SC among women in western Kenya using go-along and photo elicitation interviews (n=30). Data, coded and analyzed in Atlas.ti, illustrated that individual and household SC decreased with greater WI. This suggests far-reaching consequences of household WI, such as diminished women’s agency within the household and the larger community. email@example.com
NANDI, Meghna (Wuqu’ Kawoq, Maya Hlth Alliance, Warren Alpert Med Sch), KURSCHNER, Sophie (Wuqu’ Kawoq, Maya Hlth Alliance), WILCOX, Katie (Wuqu’ Kawoq, Maya Hlth Alliance, Weill Cornell Med), MUX, Magda Sotz (Wuqu’ Kawoq, Maya Hlth Alliance), FLOOD, David (Wuqu’ Kawoq, Maya Hlth Alliance, U Michigan), BARNOYA, Joaquín (UNICAR), MENDOZA, Carlos (INCAP), ROHLOFF, Peter (Wuqu’ Kawoq, Maya Hlth Alliance, Harvard Med Sch, Brigham & Women’s Hosp), and CHARY, Anita (Wuqu’ Kawoq, Maya Hlth Alliance, Brigham & Women’s Hosp) Perceptions of Chronic Kidney Disease in an Indigenous Rural Population in Guatemala. Little is known about the perceptions of chronic kidney disease (CKD) among Guatemala’s indigenous communities. The qualitative study reported here, part of a larger mixed-methods study screening adults for CKD, examines understandings of CKD in two rural, indigenous populations. We conducted semi-structured interviews about perceptions of causality and treatment with thirty-nine participants with abnormal screening results. Most participants attributed CKD to poor diet, but were unaware of traditional risk factors (diabetes, hypertension). Participants were generally willing to pursue treatment for advanced disease but highlighted multiple socioeconomic and structural barriers. These findings can inform CKD health initiatives in rural, indigenous Guatemala. firstname.lastname@example.org
PATTERSON, Kayla (CSULB) Adaptive Strategies to Chronic Illness for Latinx Patients in Southern California. The Latinx population is the fastest growing and largest minority group in the United States. The Latinx population is afflicted with the highest rates of preventable chronic illnesses, such as diabetes and heart disease while having the lowest rates of accessible health care and insurance coverage. Chronic illness, such as diabetes, requires unrestricted access to health care services for glucose level monitoring and access to medication and supplies. The goal of this study is to investigate the adaptive strategies for chronic illness used by patients with limited health care access who attend a free clinic in Southern California. email@example.com
RATTRAY, Nick (VA/IUPUI), NATIVIDAD, Diana (VA), and MIECH, Edward (VA/IUPUI) The Importance of Finding Purpose: A Configurational Approach to Understanding Veteran Community Reintegration. This study examines underlying factors that shape community reintegration among a sample of US military veterans. We draw on configurational comparative methods (CCM) to understand how specific “recipes” (i.e., combinations of factors) lead to success or lack of success in reintegration outcomes. These methods use the logic of analytical induction and Boolean procedures to compare individual cases. One factor that emerged during interviews – re-establishing a “sense of purpose”—played a critical role in successful adjustment from military to civilian life. We present individual cases to illustrate how gender differences, deployment experiences, and the early period of transition affect reintegration. firstname.lastname@example.org
SCHWEDE, Laurie (Independent), JENSEN, Eric (US Census Bureau), and GRIFFIN, Deborah (Independent) Statistician Measuring Linkages among Complex Households, Race/Ethnicity, and the Undercount of Young Children in U.S. Decennial Censuses. In the 2010 Census, children aged 0-4 had the highest net undercount rate (4.6%) of any age cohort; about 1 million (1 in 20) children. Prior research shows household structure linkages to undercounts. We reclassified all 2000 and 2010 Census households into our new complex household typology and map growth trends of young-children complex households, showing wide race/Hispanic variation. We analyzed households answering a child undercount probe and documented households with missed children who were added to the census. We identify three major complex household types at risk of young-child undercount. We suggest targeting them to improve 2020 Census coverage. email@example.com
ZANCHETTA, Margareth, SATTAUR, S., HUACO, N., LELAY, M., LELAY, M. M., Dumont, E., and ALEMAN-PASTOR, A. (Ryerson U), PACHECO, L. (Federal U Goias) Lens of Social Justice and Inclusiveness for Immigrant/Refugees/Stateless Individuals: Adoption by Canadian Students to Immersion in Research Fieldwork in Goiania, Brazil. Currently, Brazil as a new host country for refugees/immigrants/stateless individuals deals with complex urgencies to protect human rights, respect cultural diversity and respond to social-health issues, particularly for public health programs for sexually transmitted infections. Canadian undergraduate students participated in data collection with these populations to uncover health hazards related to sexual health. Ingrained values of social justice and inclusiveness guided students’ immersion in welcoming socio-cultural spaces. English-French-Spanish languages allowed cultural proximity and acknowledgement of religious leadership citizenry and social solidarity. The research-fieldwork promoted in-depth reflections on underpinning frameworks that inspire Brazilian professionals to design a better settlement process. firstname.lastname@example.org